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Al-Azhar University

Coordinates: 30°02′45″N 31°15′45″E / 30.04583°N 31.26250°E / 30.04583; 31.26250
From Wikipedia
Al-Azhar University
public university, academic institution
Part ofAl Azhar Al Sharif Edit
Year dem found am970s, 1961 Edit
Office held by head of the organizationQ114238778 Edit
CountryEgypt Edit
Edey de administrative territorial entity insydCairo Governorate, Asyut Governorate, Damietta Governorate, Dakahlia Governorate Edit
Coordinate location30°3′30″N 31°18′45″E Edit
Member ofAgence universitaire de la Francophonie, Association of African Universities Edit
Parent organizationAl Azhar Al Sharif Edit
Demma headquarters locationCairo Edit
Language dem useArabic Edit
Dema official websitehttp://www.azhar.edu.eg Edit
Map
Al-Azhar University
جامعة الأزهر الشريف
Al-Azhar University logo
Type Public
Established c. 970/972 – dem found am as institution for higher Islamic learning

1961 – gained university status
Religious affiliation
Sunni Islam
President Dr. Salama Dawood
Location
Cairo
,

30°02′45″N 31°15′45″E / 30.04583°N 31.26250°E / 30.04583; 31.26250
Campus Urban
Website azhar.edu.eg

De Al-Azhar University (/ˈɑːzhɑːr/ AHZ-har; Egyptian Arabic: جامعة الأزهر (الشريف),, lit.'University of (de honorable) Al-Azhar') be public varsity insyd Cairo, Egypt. Associate plus Al-Azhar Al-Sharif insyd Islamic Cairo, ebe Egypt ein oldest degree-granting varsity wey ebe known as one of de most prestigious varsities for Islamic learning.[1][2] For addition to higher education, Al-Azhar dey oversee national network of schools plus approximately two million students.[3] As of 1996, ova 4,000 teaching institutes insyd Egypt be affiliate plus de varsity.[4]

Dem found am insyd 970 anaa 972 by de Fatimid Caliphate as centre of Islamic learning, na ein students study de Qur'an den Islamic law in detail, along plus logic, grammar, rhetoric, den how make dem calculate de phases of de moon. Today ebe de chief centre of Arabic literature den Islamic learning for de world insyd.[5] Insyd 1961 dem add additional non-religious subjects to ein curriculum.[6]

Dem dey consider ein library for importance for Egypt insyd only to de Egyptian National Library and Archives.[7] For May 2005 insyd, Al-Azhar in partnership plus Dubai information technology enterprise, IT Education Project (ITEP) launch de H.H. Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum project make e preserve Al-Azhar scripts den publish dem online (de "Al-Azhar Online Project") make e eventually publish online access to de library ein entire rare manuscripts collection, wey dey comprise about seven million pages of material.[8][9]

Notable people[edit | edit source]

10th–17th centuries

  • Sibt al-Maridini (1423 – 1506) Arab physicist, mathematician den astronomer 
  • Abd al-'Aziz al-Wafa'i (15th century) Arab physicist, mathematician den astronomer 
  • Abdul Qadir al-Baghdadi (1620–1682 AD) author, philologist, grammarian, magistrate, bibliophile den leading literary figure of de Ottoman era 

19th – early 20th centuries

  • Muhammad Abduh and Sayd Jamal edin Afghani, founder of Islamic Modernism
  • Izz ad-Din al-Qassam, founder den leader of Black Hand
  • Mohammad Amin al-Husayni, Mufti of Jerusalem
  • Ahmed Orabi, Egyptian nationalist den army general wey lead de Urabi Revolt against Khedive Tewfik

1910s–1950s

  • Hassan al-Banna, founder of de Muslim Brotherhood (he graduate from Dar al-Ulum wey be affiliate of Cairo University)
  • Syed Mujtaba Ali, Bangladeshi author, journalist, travel enthusiast, academic, scholar den linguist; he study at de Al-Azhar University insyd Cairo during 1934–1935.
  • Dr. Ayub Ali, Bangladeshi Islamic scholar den educationist
  • Mehmed Handžić, leader of Bosnian revivalists, one of authors of Resolution of Sarajevo Muslims den chairmo of de Committee of National Salvation
  • Omar Abdel Rahman, leader of Al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya, wich dem designate as terrorist group by de governments of de United States den Egypt; currently dey serve life term for de 1993 World Trade Center bombing
  • Taqiuddin al-Nabhani, de leader den founder of The Islamic Political Party, Hizb ut-Tahrir (De Party of Liberation)
  • Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, co-founder den leader of Hamas
  • Saad Zaghlul, leader of 1919 revolution insyd Egypt
  • Taha Hussein, Egyptian writer den intellectual
  • Muhammad Ma Jian, translator of de Qur'an into de Chinese language
  • Ahmad Meshari Al-Adwani, Kuwaiti poet den writer of Kuwait ein national anthem Al-Nasheed Al-Watani
  • Ahmad al-Ghumari, Moroccan cleric, he enrolled insyd 1921, he drop out due to death for de family insyd
  • Abdullah al-Ghumari, Moroccan cleric, he graduate from Azhar insyd 1931
  • Abu Turab al-Zahiri, Indian-born Saudi Arabian writer

1950–present

  • Aliko Dangote, Nigerian business mogul, he study business at Al-Azhar
  • Akhtar Raza Khan, former Grand Mufti of India.[10]
  • Sayyid Abdurahman Imbichikoya Thangal Al-Qasimi, Al-Baqavi, Al Azhari (1922-2015) - former presido of Samastha Kerala Jamiat-ul-Ulema (1995-2004)
  • Zaib-un-Nissa Hamidullah, Pakistani journalist wey for 1955 insyd he cam turn de first woman make she give speech for de varsity
  • Mohammed Burhanuddin, Dai of Dawoodi Bohra research den rediscover Al-Azhar University ein past history, dem award am PhD from Al-Azhar University.[11]
  • Abdullah Yusuf Azzam founder of de terrorist group Al-Qaeda, den Palestinian Sunni Islamic scholar den theologian
  • Shire Jama Ahmed, Somali linguist wey devise Latin script give de Somali language[12]
  • Mahmud Shaltut,[13] Grand Sheikh of Al-Azhar, issue Fatwa for 1959 insyd, wey he declare dat Al-Azhar dey recognize Shi'ism as valid branch of Islam
  • Mahmoud Khalil Al-Hussary, Qari den Qur'anic scholar
  • Abdel-Halim Mahmoud, Grand Sheikh of Al-Azhar, he introduce de study of Sufism as science thru ein writings den lectures for de matter top
  • Ahmed Subhy Mansour, Islamic scholar, cleric, den founder of de Quranists, wey dem exile am from Egypt, live insyd de United States as political refugee
  • Taha Jabir Alalwani, presido of Cordoba University (Ashburn, VA, USA), former chairmo of de Fiqh Council of North America, den de presido of de International Institute of Islamic Thought insyd Herndon, Virginia (USA)[14]
  • Abdurrahman Wahid, former Presido of Indonesia
  • Muhammad Sayyid Tantawy, former Grand Imam of Al-Azhar (17 March 1996 to 10 March 2010)
  • Ahmed el-Tayeb, Grand Imam of Al-Azhar.
  • Muhammad Metwally Al Shaarawy. Egyptian Muslim jurist
  • Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, former Presido of de Republic of Maldives.
  • Sayyid Abdurahman Imbichikoya Thangal Al-Aydarusi Al-Azhari Al-Qasimi, Al-Baqavi, Islamic scholar from Indian state, Kerala; former Presido of Samastha Kerala Jamiat-ul-Ulema,(1995-2004), writer of [Al Arab Wal Arabiyya(Arabs And Arabic Language)(Arabic: العرب والعربية )]
  • Abdulla Saeed, Former Chief Justice, den Justice Supreme Court of de Republic of Maldives[15]
  • Abdulla Mohamed, chief judge, Criminal Court of de Republic of Maldives.[15]
  • Salamat P. Hashim, founder den leader of de Moro Islamic Liberation Front insyd de Philippines.
  • Sheikh Khalifa Usman Nando, co-founder of de Moro Islamic Liberation Front insyd de Philippines den Wa'lī of de Bangsamoro Autonomous Region insyd Muslim Mindanao.
  • Fathulla Jameel, former Foreign Minister of Maldives.
  • Burhanuddin Rabbani, former Soviet–Afghan War Mujahideen leader den presido of Afghanistan
  • Muhammad Jameel Didi, Maldives author den writer
  • Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat Mursyidul Am (spiritual leader) of de Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) den former Menteri Besar (Chief Minister) of de Malaysian state of Kelantan
  • Abdul Hadi Awang presido of de Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) den former Menteri Besar (Chief Minister) of de Malaysian state of Terengganu
  • Omar Maute, co-founder den leader of de Maute terrorist organization insyd Marawi, Philippines
  • Panakkad Shihab Thangal, Muslim religious leader, politician den Islamic scholar from de Indian state of Kerala; Qazi to hundreds of mahals insyd Kerala, Presido IUML Kerala 1975–2009
  • Saeed-ur-Rahman Azmi Nadvi, principal of Darul Uloom Nadwatul Ulama den chancellor of Integral University
  • Timothy Winter, founder of de Cambridge Muslim College, Aziz Foundation Professor of Islamic Studies for Cambridge Muslim College den Ebrahim College, director of studies (theology den religious studies) for Wolfson College, Cambridge, den Shaykh Zayed Lecturer in Islamic Studies for de Faculty of Divinity for de University of Cambridge
  • Mahmud Saedon, Bruneian Muslim scholar[16]
  • Mustafa Khattab, English translator of de Qur'an den author of 'The Clear Quran' Series

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Delman, Edward (February 26, 2015). "An Anti-ISIS Summit in Mecca A". The Atlantic.
  2. Aishah Ahmad Sabki (2018). Pedagogy in Islamic Education: The Madrasah Context. Emerald Group Publishing. p. 16.
  3. Brown, Nathan J. (September 2011). Post-Revolutionary al-Azhar (PDF). Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. p. 4. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  4. Roy, Olivier (2004). Globalized Islam: The Search for a New Ummah. Columbia University Press. pp. 92–93. ISBN 9780231134996. Retrieved 4 April 2015. In Egypt the number of teaching institutes dependent on Al-Azhar University increased from 1855 in 1986-7 to 4314 in 1995-6.
  5. "Al-Azhar University". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2015-08-19.
  6. Skovgaard-Petersen, Jakob. "al-Azhar, modern period." Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE. Edited by: Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas and Everett Rowson. Brill, 2010, retrieved 20/03/2010:

    Al-Azhar, the historic centre of higher Islamic learning in Cairo, has undergone significant change since the late 19th century, with new regulations and reforms resulting in an expanded role for the university. 1. From madrasa to university

  7. Egyptian National Library Publications. Egyptian National Library Press.
  8. "AME Info, 26 September 2005". AME Info. Archived from the original on 19 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-21.
  9. ITEP press release, 10 October 2006
  10. "THE 500 MOST INFLUENTIAL MUSLIMS 2010" (PDF). The Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre. Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  11. "Serving Dawoodi Bohras Worldwide". Mumineen.org. 2010-03-04. Archived from the original on 18 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-21.
  12. David D. Laitin, Politics, Language, and Thought: The Somali Experience, (University Of Chicago Press: 1977), p. 102
  13. ATIGHETCHI, DARIUSCH (2006-12-02). Islamic Bioethics: Problems and Perspectives. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 978-1-4020-4962-0.
  14. "Cordoba University". Cordoba University. Archived from the original on 13 February 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-21.
  15. 15.0 15.1 Supreme Court of the Government of the Maldives Archived 2010-09-10
  16. Essays in memory of Vice-Chancellor, UBD 1992-2002 (PDF). Universiti Brunei Darussalam. 2005.

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