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Cuban rumba

From Wikipedia
Cuban rumba
music genre, type of dance
Subclass ofmusic of Cuba Edit
Country of originCuba Edit
Intangible cultural heritage statusRepresentative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity Edit
Described at URLhttps://ich.unesco.org/en/RL/01185, https://ich.unesco.org/fr/RL/01185, https://ich.unesco.org/es/RL/01185 Edit
Practiced byrumbera Edit

Rumba be sam secular genre of Cuban music wey dey involve dance, percussion, den song. Dem originate for northern regions of Cuba insyd, mainly for urban Havana den Matanzas insyd, for de late 19th century insyd. Ebe based for African music den dance traditions top, namely Abakuá den yuka, as well as de Spanish-based coros de clave. According to Argeliers León, rumba be one of de major "genre complexes" of Cuban music,[1] wey now musicologists commonly dey use de term rumba complex.[2][3] Dis complex dey encompass de three traditional forms of rumba (yambú, guaguancó den columbia), as well as demma contemporary derivatives den oda minor styles.

Traditionally ebe poor workers of African descent for streets den solares (courtyards) insyd wey dey perform am, rumba still dey remain as one of Cuba ein most characteristic forms of music den dance. Vocal improvisation, elaborate dancing den polyrhythmic drumming be de key components of all rumba styles. Na dem dey use Cajones (wooden boxes) as drums till de early 20th century, wey dem replace plus tumbadoras (conga drums). For de genre ein recorded history insyd, wey estart for de 1940s insyd, numerous successful rumba bands cam dey such as Los Papines, Los Muñequitos de Matanzas, Clave y Guaguancó, AfroCuba de Matanzas den Yoruba Andabo.

Since ein early days, dem largely confine de genre ein popularity go Cuba, although ein legacy reach well beyond de island. For United States insyd, Etake ein name give de so-called "ballroom rumba", anaa rhumba, wey for Africa insyd, dem commonly dey refer soukous as "Congolese rumba" (despite say ebe actually based for son cubano top). Rumba flamenca den derivatives such as Catalan rumba wey dey testify ein influence for Spain insyd.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. León, Argeliers (1974). Del canto y el tiempo. Havana, Cuba: Editorial Pueblo y Educación.
  2. Olsen, Dale; Sheehy, Daniel (2014). The Garland Handbook of Latin American Music (2nd ed.). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. pp. 114–115. ISBN 9781135900083
  3. Daniel, Yvonne (1995). Rumba: Dance and Social Change in Contemporary Cuba. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. p. 18. ISBN 9780253209481