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Uilleann pipes

From Wikipedia
uilleann pipes
Subclass ofbagpipes Edit
Indigenous toIreland Edit
Country of originIreland Edit
Intangible cultural heritage statusRepresentative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, Ireland’s National Inventory of Intangible Cultural Heritage Edit
Described at URLhttps://ich.unesco.org/en/RL/01264, https://ich.unesco.org/fr/RL/01264, https://ich.unesco.org/es/RL/01264, https://nationalinventoryich.chg.gov.ie/uilleann-piping/ Edit
Hornbostel-Sachs classification422.122.2+422.221.1 Edit

De uilleann pipes (/ˈɪlən/ IL-ən or /ˈɪljən/ IL-yən, Irish: [ˈɪl̠ʲən̪ˠ]), dem samtyms dey bell am Irish Bagpipes, be de characteristic national bagpipe of Ireland. Earlier known for English insyd as "union pipes", demma current name be sam partial translation of de Irish language terms píobaí uilleann (literally, "pipes of de elbow"), from demma method of inflation. No historical record of de name anaa use of de term uilleann pipes dey before de 20th century. Na ebe invention of Grattan Flood[1] den de name stuck. People mistook de term 'union' dey refer plus de 1800 Act of Union; dis be incorrect as Breandán Breathnach dey point out say poem wey dem publish for 1796 insyd dey use de term 'union'.[2]

Ein Etymology[edit | edit source]

Uilleann be sam genitive form of de Irish word for "elbow”, uillinn. De Irish term for uilleann pipes be píb uilleann (alt. píob uilleann), wey dey mean "pipes(s) of de elbow(s)”.[3]

Notable players[edit | edit source]

  • Willie Clancy (1918 – 1973)
  • Johnny Doran (c.1908 – 1950)
  • Séamus Ennis (1919 – 1982)
  • Finbar Furey (born 1946)
  • Paddy Keenan (born 1950)
  • Declan Masterson
  • Michael McGoldrick (born 1971)
  • Paddy Moloney (1938 – 2021) of The Chieftains.[4]
  • Liam O'Flynn (1945 – 2018) of Planxty
  • Leo Rowsome (1903 – 1970)
  • Davy Spillane (born 1959)
  • Troy Donockley (born 1964) of Nightwish.[5]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. A History of European Folk Music, 1997, by Jan Ling, p. 146 University of Rochester Press (states the uilleann pipe name was invented by Flood)
  2. Breathnach, Breandán (1996). Folk Music and Dances of Ireland. Ossian Publications. ISBN 978-1900428651.
  3. "Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla (Ó Dónaill): uillinn". www.teanglann.ie. Retrieved 8 January 2024.
  4. Sandomir, Richard (12 October 2021). "Paddy Moloney, Irish Piper Who Led the Chieftains, Dies at 83". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 13 October 2021. Retrieved 13 October 2021.
  5. "Troy Donockley - uilleann pipes, tin whistle, low whistle, guitars, bouzouki, bodhrán, vocals :||: NIGHTWISH OFFICIAL WEBSITE".

Bibliography

  • Brian E. McCandless. "The Pastoral Bagpipe" Iris na bPiobairi (The pipers review); 17 (Spring 1998), 2: p. 19–28.
  • O'Farrell's Treatise on the Irish Bagpipes (The Union Pipes) 1801

External links[edit | edit source]