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parliamentary republic, sovereign state, island country, archipelagic state
Part ofEast Africa Edit
Inception12 March 1968 Edit
Official nameMauritius, Mauritius, République de Maurice Edit
Native labelRépublique de Maurice Edit
Short name🇲🇺 Edit
IPA transcriptionmæʉ'ɾɪtsɪʉs Edit
Dem name afterMauritius Island Edit
Official languageno value, English, French Edit
AnthemMotherland Edit
Cultureculture of Mauritius Edit
Motto textStella Clavisque Maris Indici, L’étoile et la clé de l’océan Indien, Star and Key of the Indian Ocean, It's a pleasure Edit
ContinentAfrica Edit
CountryMauritius Edit
CapitalPort Louis Edit
Located in/on physical featureEast African islands Edit
Coordinate location20°12′0″S 57°30′0″E Edit
Coordinates of easternmost point19°42′0″S 63°25′0″E Edit
Coordinates of northernmost point10°19′48″S 56°34′48″E Edit
Coordinates of southernmost point20°31′32″S 57°31′48″E Edit
Coordinates of westernmost point10°25′0″S 56°35′0″E Edit
Highest pointPiton de la Petite Rivière Noire Edit
Lowest pointIndian Ocean Edit
Office held by head of statePresident of Mauritius Edit
State hin headPrithvirajsing Roopun Edit
Office held by head of governmentPrime Minister of Mauritius Edit
Government hin headPravind Jugnauth Edit
Executive bodyGovernment of Mauritius Edit
Legislative bodyNational Assembly of Mauritius Edit
Central bankBank of Mauritius Edit
Located in time zoneUTC+04:00, Indian/Mauritius Edit
CurrencyMauritian rupee Edit
Driving sideleft Edit
Electrical plug typeEuroplug, BS 1363 Edit
ReplacesCommonwealth realm of Mauritius Edit
Official website Edit
Top-level Internet Edit
Flagflag of Mauritius Edit
Coat of armscoat of arms of Mauritius Edit
Has characteristicfree country Edit
Geography of topicgeography of Mauritius Edit
History of topichistory of Mauritius Edit
Economy of topiceconomy of Mauritius Edit
Demographics of topicdemographics of Mauritius Edit
Mobile country code617 Edit
Country calling code+230 Edit
Emergency phone number114, 995, 115, 999, 112 Edit
GS1 country code609 Edit
Licence plate codeMS Edit
Maritime identification digits645 Edit
Unicode character🇲🇺 Edit
Category for mapsCategory:Maps of Mauritius Edit

Mauritius (/məˈrɪʃ(i)əs, mɔː-/ (listen) mər-ISH-(ee-)əs, mor-; French: Maurice [mɔʁis, moʁis] (listen); Mauritian Creole: Moris [moʁis]), officially dem call am Republic of Mauritius (French: République de Maurice; Mauritian Creole: Repiblik Moris), bi African island country insyd de Indian Ocean, approximately 2,000 kilometres (1,100 nautical miles) off de southeastern coast of East Africa, east of Madagascar. Edey include de main island (dem san call am Mauritius), as well as Rodrigues, Agaléga den St. Brandon. De islands of Mauritius den Rodrigues, plus nearby Réunion (a French overseas department), all bi part of Mascarene Islands. De main island of Mauritius, bi where most of demma population dey plenty, edey host de capital den de largest city, Port Louis. De country dey span 2,040 square kilometres (790 sq mi) den egey an exclusive economic zone wey edey cover 2,300,000 square kilometres (670,000 square nautical miles).

Arab sailors bi de first persons wey go discover de uninhabited island, around 975, den dem call am Dina Arobi. Insyd 1507, Portuguese sailors go visit de uninhabited island. De island appear plus de Portuguese names Cirne or Do-Cerne on early Portuguese demma maps. A Dutch fleet, wey dey under de command of Admiral Van Warwyck come land for de place wey now dem dey call am Grand Port den take possession of de island insyd 1598, as dem rename de den uninhabited islands after Maurice, Prince of Orange. Eventually, dem establish a succession give de short-lived Dutch settlements over de next 120 years, as dem come exploit demma local ebony forests den establish sugar production, as dem import sugar cane plants from Java den over three hundred Malagasy slaves, before abandoning demma efforts insyd 1710. France come take control insyd 1715, wey dem rename am as Isle de France. Insyd 1810, de United Kingdom come seize de island, den four years later, dem sign Treaty of Paris, France ceded Mauritius den ein dependencies give de United Kingdom. De British colony of Mauritius dey include Rodrigues, Agaléga, St. Brandon, De Chagos Archipelago, den, until 1906, de Seychelles. Mauritius den France dispute sovereignty over de island of Tromelin as de Treaty of Paris make yawa say you go fi mention am. Mauritius remained a primarily plantation-based colony give United Kingdom until demma independence insyd 1968.