From Wikipedia
parliamentary republic, sovereign state, island country, archipelagic state, country
Part ofEast Africa Edit
Inception12 March 1968 Edit
Official nameMauritius, Mauritius, République de Maurice Edit
Native labelRépublique de Maurice Edit
Short name🇲🇺 Edit
IPA transcriptionmæʉ'ɾɪtsɪʉs Edit
Dem name afterMauritius Island Edit
Official languageno value, English, French Edit
AnthemMotherland Edit
Cultureculture of Mauritius Edit
Motto textStella Clavisque Maris Indici, L’étoile et la clé de l’océan Indien, Star and Key of the Indian Ocean, It's a pleasure Edit
ContinentAfrica Edit
CountryMauritius Edit
CapitalPort Louis Edit
Located in time zoneUTC+04:00, Indian/Mauritius Edit
Located in/on physical featureEast African islands Edit
Coordinate location20°12′0″S 57°30′0″E Edit
Coordinates of easternmost point19°42′0″S 63°25′0″E Edit
Coordinates of northernmost point10°19′48″S 56°34′48″E Edit
Coordinates of southernmost point20°31′32″S 57°31′48″E Edit
Coordinates of westernmost point10°25′0″S 56°35′0″E Edit
Highest pointPiton de la Petite Rivière Noire Edit
Lowest pointIndian Ocean Edit
Office held by head of statePresident of Mauritius Edit
State ein headPrithvirajsing Roopun Edit
Office head of government holdPrime Minister of Mauritius Edit
Government ein headPravind Jugnauth Edit
Executive bodyGovernment of Mauritius Edit
Legislative bodyNational Assembly of Mauritius Edit
Central bankBank of Mauritius Edit
CurrencyMauritian rupee Edit
Driving sideleft Edit
Electrical plug typeEuroplug, BS 1363 Edit
Dey replaceCommonwealth realm of Mauritius Edit
Official website Edit
Top-level Internet Edit
Flagflag of Mauritius Edit
Coat of armscoat of arms of Mauritius Edit
Geography of topicgeography of Mauritius Edit
Get characteristicfree country Edit
History of topichistory of Mauritius Edit
Economy of topiceconomy of Mauritius Edit
Demographics of topicdemographics of Mauritius Edit
Mobile country code617 Edit
Country calling code+230 Edit
Emergency phone number114, 995, 115, 999, 112 Edit
GS1 country code609 Edit
Licence plate codeMS Edit
Maritime identification digits645 Edit
Unicode character🇲🇺 Edit
Category for mapsCategory:Maps of Mauritius Edit

Mauritius (/məˈrɪʃ(i)əs, mɔː-/ (listen) mər-ISH-(ee-)əs, mor-; French: Maurice [mɔʁis, moʁis] (listen); Mauritian Creole: Moris [moʁis]), officially dem dey bell am de Republic of Mauritius (French: République de Maurice; Mauritian Creole: Repiblik Moris), De African island country insyd de Indian Ocean, approximately 2,000 kilometres (1,100 nautical miles) off de southeastern coast of East Africa, east of Madagascar. Edey include de main island (dem san bell am Mauritius), as well as Rodrigues, Agaléga den St. Brandon.[1][2] De islands of Mauritius den Rodrigues, plus nearby Réunion (French overseas department), all be apart of Mascarene Islands. De main island of Mauritius, be where most of dema population dey plenty, edey host de capital den de largest city, Port Louis. De country dey span 2,040 square kilometres (790 sq mi) den e get exclusive economic zone wey edey cover 2,300,000 square kilometres (670,000 square nautical miles).[3]

Arab sailors be de first persons wey go discover de uninhabited island, around 975, den dem bell am Dina Arobi.[4][5] Insyd 1507, Portuguese sailors go visit de uninhabited island. De island appear plus de Portuguese names Cirne anaa Do-Cerne for early Portuguese dema maps top.[6] Dutch fleet, wey dey under de command of Admiral Van Warwyck cam land for de place wey now dem dey bell am Grand Port den take possession of de island insyd 1598, as dem rename de den uninhabited islands after Maurice, Prince of Orange. Eventually, dem establish succession give de short-lived Dutch settlements over de next 120 years, as dem cam exploit dema local ebony forests den establish sugar production, as dem import sugar cane plants from Java den over three hundred Malagasy slaves, before dem abandon dema efforts insyd 1710.[7] France cam take control insyd 1715, wey dem rename am as Isle de France. Insyd 1810, de United Kingdom cam seize de island, den four years later, dem sign Treaty of Paris, France cede Mauritius den ein dependencies give de United Kingdom. De British colony of Mauritius dey include Rodrigues, Agaléga, St. Brandon, De Chagos Archipelago, den, until 1906, de Seychelles.[1][2] Mauritius den France dispute sovereignty over de island of Tromelin as de Treaty of Paris make yawa say you go fi mention am.[8] Mauritius remain primarily plantation-based colony give United Kingdom until dema independence insyd 1968.[9]


Largest cities anaa towns insyd Mauritius


Rank Name District Pop.
1 Port Louis Port Louis 155,226
2 Vacoas-Phoenix Plaines Wilhems 115,289
3 Beau Bassin-Rose Hill Plaines Wilhems 111,355
4 Curepipe Plaines Wilhems 78,618
5 Quatre Bornes Plaines Wilhems 77,308
6 Triolet Pamplemousses 23,269
7 Goodlands Rivière du Rempart 20,910
8 Centre de Flacq Flacq 17,710
9 Bel Air Rivière Sèche Flacq 17,671
10 Mahébourg Grand Port 17,042

Holidays den festivals

Public holidays insyd Mauritius for 2023 insyd[11] Date
New Year's Day Sunday 1 January – Monday 2 January
Chinese Spring Festival Sunday 22 January
Abolition of slavery Wednesday 1 February
Thaipoosam Cavadee Saturday 4 February
Maha Shivaratri Saturday 18 February
Independence and Republic Day Sunday 12 March
Ugadi Wednesday 22 March
Eid ul-Fitr (Dey depend for de visibility of de moon top) Saturday 22 April
Labour Day Monday 1 May
Ganesh Chaturthi Wednesday 20 September
All Saints Day Wednesday 1 November
Arrival of the Indentured Labourers Thursday 2 November
Diwali Sunday 12 November
Christmas Day Monday 25 December


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Written Statement of the Republic of Mauritius" (PDF). International Court of Justice. 1 March 2018. pp. 23–24. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 December 2018. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Memorial of the Republic of Mauritius. Vol. I. Permanent Court of Arbitration. 1 August 2012. p. 9.
  3. "Figure 7: Mauritius' EEZ: 1977". Memorial of the Republic of Mauritius (PDF). Vol. IV. Permanent Court of Arbitration. 2012. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  4. "History". Archived from the original on 28 June 2022. Retrieved 1 August 2021.
  5. International Education: An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Issues and Systems. Routledge. 17 March 2015. ISBN 9781317467519.
  6. "Republic of Mauritius- History". Archived from the original on 16 October 2016. Retrieved 12 March 2023.
  7. Allen, Richard B. (1 August 2003). "The Mascarene Slave-Trade and Labour Migration in the Indian Ocean during the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries". Slavery & Abolition. 24 (2): 33–50. doi:10.1080/01440390308559154. ISSN 0144-039X. S2CID 143805648.
  8. Gaymard, Hervé (20 March 2013). A. Un Différend Ancien Avec Maurice Quant À La Souveraineté Sur Tromelin. National Assembly (Report) (insyd French).
  9. "Rise of the Sugar Economy". Retrieved 14 July 2023.
  10. "Biggest Cities Mauritius".
  11. "General Notice No 1218 of 2022 – Public Holidays – 2023" (PDF). Republic of Mauritius. Retrieved 14 July 2023.


  • Macdonald, Fiona; et al. "Mauritius". Peoples of Africa. pp. 340–341.
  • Dis article dey incorporate public domain text from de websites of de Government of Mauritius Archived 22 October 2018 at de Wayback Machine, de United States Department of State, de U.S. Library of Congress, den de CIA World Factbook.

Read further

  • Bahadur, Gaiutra (2014). Coolie Woman: The Odyssey of Indenture. The University of Chicago. ISBN 978-0-226-21138-1.
  • Moree, Perry J. (1998). A Concise History of Dutch Mauritius, 1598–1710: A Fruitful and Healthy Land. Routledge.
  • Vink, Markus (2003). "'The World's Oldest Trade': Dutch Slavery and Slave Trade in the Indian Ocean in the Seventeenth Century". Journal of World History. 14 (2): 131–177. doi:10.1353/jwh.2003.0026. S2CID 145450338.