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North America

From Wikipedia
North America
continent, subcontinent
Part ofAmerica Edit
Short name北米, 북미 Edit
Dem name afterAmerigo Vespucci, Turtle Island, north Edit
Named byMatthias Ringmann, Iroquois mythology, Martin Waldseemüller Edit
Countryno value Edit
Located in/on physical featureNorthern Hemisphere Edit
Coordinate location47°0′0″N 105°0′0″W Edit
Coordinates of easternmost point47°31′25″N 52°37′10″W Edit
Coordinates of northernmost point83°6′41″N 69°57′30″W Edit
Coordinates of southernmost point7°12′42″N 80°53′8″W Edit
Coordinates of westernmost point52°55′16″N 172°26′13″E Edit
Highest pointDenali Edit
Dey share bother plusSouth America, Eurasia Edit
Geography of topicgeography of North America Edit
History of topichistory of North America Edit
Economy of topiceconomy of North America Edit
Demographics of topicdemographics of North America Edit
NCI Thesaurus IDC26275 Edit
Category for mapsCategory:Maps of North America Edit

North America be continent insyd de Northern den Western Hemispheres. North America be bordered go de north by de Arctic Ocean, go de east by de Atlantic Ocean, go de southeast by South America den de Caribbean Sea, den to de west den south by de Pacific Ocean. Greater North America dey include de Bahamas, Bermuda, Canada, de Caribbean, Central America, Clipperton Island, Greenland, Mexico, Saint Pierre den Miquelon, Turks and Caicos Islands, den de United States.

Continental North America dey cover area of about 24,709,000 square kilometers (9,540,000 square miles), wey dey represent approximately 16.5% of de Earth ein land area den 4.8% of ein total surface area. Ebe de third-largest continent by size after Asia den Africa, den de fourth-largest continent by population after Asia, Africa, den Europe. As of 2021, na dem estimate North America ein population as over 592 million people for 23 independent states insyd, anaa about 7.5% of de world ein population. For human geography insyd, de terms "North America" den "North American" samtyms dey refer to just Canada, de United States, Mexico, den Greenland.[1][2][3][4][5]

Definitions[edit | edit source]

Countries, dependencies, den oda territories[edit | edit source]

Country / Territory[6][7] Area[8] Population




Capital Name(s) for official language(s) insyd ISO 3166-1

(United Kingdom)

91 km2

(35 sq mi)

15,753 164.8/km2

(427/sq mi)

The Valley Anguilla AIA
Antigua and Barbuda 442 km2

(171 sq mi)

93,219 199.1/km2

(516/sq mi)

St. John's Antigua and Barbuda ATG

(Kingdom of the Netherlands)

180 km2

(69 sq mi)

106,537 594.4/km2

(1,539/sq mi)

Oranjestad Aruba ABW
The Bahamas 13,943 km2

(5,383 sq mi)

407,906 24.5/km2

(63/sq mi)

Nassau Bahamas BHS
Barbados 430 km2

(170 sq mi)

281,200 595.3/km2

(1,542/sq mi)

Bridgetown Barbados BRB
Belize 22,966 km2

(8,867 sq mi)

400,031 13.4/km2

(35/sq mi)

Belmopan Belize BLZ

(United Kingdom)

54 km2

(21 sq mi)

64,185 1,203.7/km2

(3,118/sq mi)

Hamilton Bermuda BMU

(Kingdom of the Netherlands)[11]

294 km2

(114 sq mi)

12,093 41.1/km2

(106/sq mi)

Kralendijk Boneiru BES
British Virgin Islands

(United Kingdom)

151 km2

(58 sq mi)

31,122 152.3/km2

(394/sq mi)

Road Town British Virgin Islands VGB
Canada 9,984,670 km2

(3,855,100 sq mi)

38,155,012 3.7/km2

(9.6/sq mi)

Ottawa Canada CAN
Cayman Islands

(United Kingdom)

264 km2

(102 sq mi)

68,136 212.1/km2

(549/sq mi)

George Town Cayman Islands CYM
Clipperton Island (France) 6 km2

(2.3 sq mi)

0 0/km2

(0/sq mi)

Île de Clipperton CPT
Costa Rica 51,100 km2

(19,700 sq mi)

5,153,957 89.6/km2

(232/sq mi)

San José Costa Rica CRI
Cuba 109,886 km2

(42,427 sq mi)

11,256,372 102.0/km2

(264/sq mi)

Havana Cuba CUB

(Kingdom of the Netherlands)

444 km2

(171 sq mi)

190,338 317.1/km2

(821/sq mi)

Willemstad Kòrsou CUW
Dominica 751 km2

(290 sq mi)

72,412 89.2/km2

(231/sq mi)

Roseau Dominica DMA
Dominican Republic 48,671 km2

(18,792 sq mi)

11,117,873 207.3/km2

(537/sq mi)

Santo Domingo República Dominicana DOM
El Salvador 21,041 km2

(8,124 sq mi)

6,314,167 293.0/km2

(759/sq mi)

San Salvador El Salvador SLV
Federal Dependencies of Venezuela


342 km2

(132 sq mi)

2,155 6.3/km2

(16/sq mi)

Gran Roque Dependencias Federales de Venezuela VEN-W

(Kingdom of Denmark)

2,166,086 km2

(836,330 sq mi)

56,243 0.026/km2

(0.067/sq mi)

Nuuk Kalaallit Nunaat/Grønland GRL
Grenada 344 km2

(133 sq mi)

124,610 302.3/km2

(783/sq mi)

St. George's Gwinàd GRD


1,628 km2

(629 sq mi)

396,051 246.7/km2

(639/sq mi)

Basse-Terre Gwadloup GLP
Guatemala 108,889 km2

(42,042 sq mi)

17,608,483 128.8/km2

(334/sq mi)

Guatemala City Guatemala GTM
Haiti 27,750 km2

(10,710 sq mi)

11,447,569 361.5/km2

(936/sq mi)

Port-au-Prince Ayiti/Haïti HTI
Honduras 112,492 km2

(43,433 sq mi)

10,278,345 66.4/km2

(172/sq mi)

Tegucigalpa Honduras HND
Jamaica 10,991 km2

(4,244 sq mi)

2,827,695 247.4/km2

(641/sq mi)

Kingston Jumieka JAM


1,128 km2

(436 sq mi)

368,796 352.6/km2

(913/sq mi)

Fort-de-France Martinique/Matinik MTQ
Mexico 1,964,375 km2

(758,449 sq mi)

126,705,138 57.1/km2

(148/sq mi)

Mexico City México MEX

(United Kingdom)

102 km2

(39 sq mi)

4,417 58.8/km2

(152/sq mi)



Montserrat MSR
Nicaragua 130,373 km2

(50,337 sq mi)

6,850,540 44.1/km2

(114/sq mi)

Managua Nicaragua NIC
Nueva Esparta


1,151 km2

(444 sq mi)

491,610 427.1/km2

(1,106/sq mi)

La Asunción Nueva Esparta VEN-O
Panama 75,417 km2

(29,119 sq mi)

4,351,267 45.8/km2

(119/sq mi)

Panama City Panamá PAN
Puerto Rico

(United States)

8,870 km2

(3,420 sq mi)

3,256,028 448.9/km2

(1,163/sq mi)

San Juan Puerto Rico PRI

(Kingdom of the Netherlands)[11]

13 km2

(5 sq mi)

1,537 118.2/km2

(306/sq mi)

The Bottom Saba BES
San Andrés and Providencia


53 km2

(20 sq mi)

77,701 1,468.59/km2

(3,803.6/sq mi)

San Andrés San Andrés COL-SAP
Saint Barthélemy


21 km2

(8.1 sq mi)[13]

7,448 354.7/km2

(919/sq mi)

Gustavia Saint-Barthélemy BLM
Saint Kitts and Nevis 261 km2

(101 sq mi)

47,606 199.2/km2

(516/sq mi)

Basseterre Saint Kitts and Nevis KNA
Saint Lucia 539 km2

(208 sq mi)

179,651 319.1/km2

(826/sq mi)

Castries Sainte-Lucie LCA
Saint Martin


54 km2

(21 sq mi)[13]

29,820 552.2/km2

(1,430/sq mi)

Marigot Saint-Martin MAF
Saint Pierre and Miquelon


242 km2

(93 sq mi)

5,883 24.8/km2

(64/sq mi)

Saint-Pierre Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon SPM
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 389 km2

(150 sq mi)

104,332 280.2/km2

(726/sq mi)

Kingstown Saint Vincent and the Grenadines VCT
Sint Eustatius

(Kingdom of the Netherlands)[11]

21 km2

(8.1 sq mi)

2,739 130.4/km2

(338/sq mi)

Oranjestad Sint Eustatius BES
Sint Maarten

(Kingdom of the Netherlands)

34 km2

(13 sq mi)

44,042 1,176.7/km2

(3,048/sq mi)

Philipsburg Sint Maarten SXM
Trinidad and Tobago 5,130 km2

(1,980 sq mi)

1,525,663 261.0/km2

(676/sq mi)

Port of Spain Trinidad and Tobago TTO
Turks and Caicos Islands

(United Kingdom)

948 km2

(366 sq mi)

45,114 34.8/km2

(90/sq mi)

Grand Turk (Cockburn Town) Turks and Caicos Islands TCA
United States 9,629,091 km2

(3,717,813 sq mi)

336,997,624 32.7/km2

(85/sq mi)

Washington, D.C. United States of America USA
United States Virgin Islands

(United States)

347 km2

(134 sq mi)

100,091 317.0/km2

(821/sq mi)

Charlotte Amalie US Virgin Islands VIR
Total 24,500,995 km2

(9,459,887 sq mi)

583,473,912 22.1/km2

(57/sq mi)

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Populace[edit | edit source]

De top ten largest North American metropolitan areas by population as of 2013, dem base for national census numbers top from de U.S. den census estimates from Canada den Mexico
Metro Area Population Area Country
Mexico City 21,163,226 7,346 km2 (2,836 sq mi) Mexico
New York City 19,949,502 17,405 km2 (6,720 sq mi) United States
Los Angeles 13,131,431 12,562 km2 (4,850 sq mi) United States
Chicago 9,537,289 24,814 km2 (9,581 sq mi) United States
Dallas–Fort Worth 6,810,913 24,059 km2 (9,289 sq mi) United States
Houston 6,313,158 26,061 km2 (10,062 sq mi) United States
Toronto 6,054,191 5,906 km2 (2,280 sq mi) Canada
Philadelphia 6,034,678 13,256 km2 (5,118 sq mi) United States
Washington, D.C. 5,949,859 14,412 km2 (5,565 sq mi) United States
Miami 5,828,191 15,896 km2 (6,137 sq mi) United States

2011 Census figures

Economy[edit | edit source]

Rank Country anaa territory GDP[14] (PPP, peak year)

millions of USD

Peak year
1 United States 26,949,643 2023
2 Mexico 3,277,601 2023
3 Canada 2,378,973 2023
4 Dominican Republic 273,703 2023
5 Cuba 254,865 2015
6 Guatemala 201,365 2023
7 Panama 190,306 2023
8 Costa Rica 141,527 2023
9 Puerto Rico 132,052 2023
10 Honduras 75,030 2023
Rank Country anaa territory GDP (nominal, peak year)

millions of USD

Peak year
1 United States 26,949,643 2023
2 Canada[15] 2,139,840 2022
3 Mexico 1,811,468 2023
4 Cuba[16] 545,218 2021
5 Dominican Republic 120,629 2023
6 Puerto Rico 117,515 2023
7 Guatemala 102,765 2023
8 Costa Rica 85,590 2023
9 Panama 82,348 2023
10 El Salvador 35,339 2023

Culture[edit | edit source]

Popular culture – sports[edit | edit source]

League Sport Primary


Dem found Teams Revenue

US$ (bn)



National Football League (NFL) American football United States 1920 32 $9.0 67,604
Major League Baseball (MLB) Baseball United States


1869 30 $8.0 30,458
National Basketball Association (NBA) Basketball United States


1946 30 $5.0 17,347
National Hockey League (NHL) Ice hockey United States


1917 32 $3.3 17,720
Liga MX Football (soccer) Mexico 1943 18 $0.6 25,557
Major League Soccer (MLS) Football (soccer) United States


1994 28 $0.5 21,574
Canadian Football League (CFL) Canadian football Canada 1958 9 $0.3 23,890

References[edit | edit source]

  1. pp. 30–31, Geography: Realms, Regions, and Concepts, H. J. de Blij and Peter O. Muller, Wiley, 12th ed., 2005 (ISBN 0-471-71786-X.)
  2. Lewis, Martin W.; Wigen, Karen E. (1997). "Chapter One, The Architecture of Continents". The Myth of Continents. University of California Press. p. 168. ISBN 0-520-20742-4.
  3. Burchfield, R. W., ed. 2004. "America." Fowler's Modern English Usage (ISBN 0-19-861021-1) New York: Oxford University Press, p. 48
  4. McArthur, Tom. 1992."North American." The Oxford Companion to the English Language (ISBN 0-19-214183-X) New York: Oxford University Press, p. 707.
  5. "Common Errors in English Usage". Paul Brians, Washing State University. 16 May 2016. Archived from the original on 24 April 2022. Retrieved 4 April 2022.
  6. "SPP Background". CommerceConnect.gov. Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America. Archived from the original on 18 June 2008. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
  7. "Ecoregions of North America". United States Environmental Protection Agency. Archived from the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  8. Unless otherwise noted, land area figures are taken from "Demographic Yearbook—Table 3: Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density" (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division. 2008. Archived from the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
  9. "World Population Prospects 2022". United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  10. "World Population Prospects 2022: Demographic indicators by region, subregion and country, annually for 1950-2100" (XSLX) ("Total Population, as of 1 July (thousands)"). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Population estimates are taken from the Central Bureau of Statistics Netherlands Antilles. "Statistical information: Population". Government of the Netherlands Antilles. Archived from the original on 1 May 2010. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
  12. 12.0 12.1 These population estimates are for 2010, and are taken from "The World Factbook: 2010 edition". Government of the United States, Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 26 November 2015. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
  13. 13.0 13.1 Land area figures taken from "The World Factbook: 2010 edition". Government of the United States, Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 31 January 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
  14. "World Economic Outlook Database April 2022". International Monetary Fund. Archived from the original on 19 April 2022. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  15. "World Bank's GDP (Nominal) Data for Canada". Archived from the original on 7 December 2023. Retrieved 4 November 2023.
  16. "World Bank's GDP (Nominal) data for Cuba" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 July 2023. Retrieved 16 July 2023.

You fi read further[edit | edit source]

  • Gould, E.; Mapp, P.; Pestana, C.G. (2022). The Cambridge History of America and the World: Volume 1, 1500—1820. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-108-31781-8.
  • McIlwraith, T.F.; Muller, E.K.; Conzen, M.P.; DeVorsey, L.; Earle, C.; Grim, R.E.; Groves, P.A.; Guelke, J.K.; Harris, C.; Harris, R. (2001). North America: The Historical Geography of a Changing Continent. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-1-4616-3960-2. LCCN 2020740684.
  • Berndl, K.; National Geographic Society (U.S.) (2005). National Geographic Visual History of the World. National Geographic Society. ISBN 978-0-7922-3695-5. LCCN 2005541553.
  • Axtell, J. (1988). After Columbus: Essays in the Ethnohistory of Colonial North America. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-802206-0. LCCN 87034886.
  • Kehoe, A.B. (2016). North America before the European Invasions. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-1-317-49544-4. LCCN 2016054024.
  • Haines, M.R.; Steckel, R.H. (2000). A Population History of North America. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-49666-7. LCCN 99023284.
  • Kruer, M. (2022). Time of Anarchy: Indigenous Power and the Crisis of Colonialism in Early America. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-26956-9.
  • Axtell, J. (1981). The European and the Indian: Essays in the Ethnohistory of Colonial North America. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-502904-8. LCCN lc80025084.

External links[edit | edit source]