Cape Verde

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Cape Verde
sovereign state, island country, country, archipelagic state
Part ofPortuguese-speaking African countries, West Africa Edit
Inception5 July 1975 Edit
Official nameRepública de Cabo Verde Edit
Native labelRepública de Cabo Verde Edit
Short name🇨🇻 Edit
Dem name afterCap-Vert Edit
Dey archive forArquivo Nacional de Cabo Verde Edit
Official languagePortuguese, Cape Verdean Creole Edit
AnthemCântico da Liberdade Edit
Cultureculture of Cape Verde Edit
Motto textPaz, Trabalho, Pátria Edit
ContinentAfrica Edit
CountryCape Verde Edit
CapitalPraia Edit
Located in time zoneCape Verde Time, UTC−01:00, Atlantic/Cape_Verde Edit
Located in or next to body of waterAtlantic Ocean Edit
Located in/on physical featureMacaronesia, Cape Verde Archipelago Edit
Coordinate location15°18′0″N 23°42′0″W Edit
Coordinates of geographic center16°0′9″N 24°0′45″W Edit
Coordinates of easternmost point16°5′6″N 22°39′55″W Edit
Coordinates of northernmost point17°12′17″N 25°5′33″W Edit
Coordinates of southernmost point14°48′10″N 24°42′6″W Edit
Coordinates of westernmost point17°3′15″N 25°21′40″W Edit
Highest pointPico do Fogo Edit
Lowest pointPedra de Lume salt ponds Edit
Government hin basic formparliamentary republic Edit
Office held by head of statePresident of Cape Verde Edit
State ein headJosé Maria Neves Edit
Office head of government holdPrime Minister of Cabo Verde Edit
Government ein headUlisses Correia e Silva Edit
Legislative bodyNational Assembly of Cape Verde Edit
Highest judicial authoritySupremo Tribunal de Justiça Edit
Central bankBank of Cape Verde Edit
CurrencyCape Verdean escudo Edit
Dey share bother plusno value Edit
Studied inCape Verde studies Edit
Foundational textConstitution of the Republic of Cape Verde (1992) Edit
Driving sideright Edit
Electrical plug typeEuroplug, Schuko Edit
Dey followPortuguese Empire Edit
Dey replaceRepublic of the Cape Verde Islands Edit
Language dem usePortuguese, Cape Verdean Creole Edit
Flagflag of Cape Verde Edit
Coat of armsNational emblem of Cape Verde Edit
HashtagCapeVerde Edit
Top-level Internet domain.cv Edit
Foods dem associate traditionallyCachupa, Bife de tartaruga, bolinhos de mandioca com mel Edit
Get characteristicfree country Edit
Geography of topicgeography of Cape Verde Edit
History of topichistory of Cape Verde Edit
Economy of topiceconomy of Cape Verde Edit
Demographics of topicdemographics of Cape Verde Edit
Official website URLhttp://www.governo.cv Edit
Category for mapsCategory:Maps of Cape Verde Edit
Mobile country code625 Edit
Country calling code+238 Edit
Emergency phone number130, 131, 132 Edit
Licence plate codeCV Edit
Maritime identification digits617 Edit
Unicode character🇨🇻 Edit
Map

Cape Verde (/ˈvɜːrd(i)/ (listen)) anaa Cabo Verde (/ˌkɑːboʊ ˈvɜːrdeɪ/ (listen), /ˌkæb-/; Portuguese: [ˈkaβu ˈveɾðɨ]), alias Republic of Cabo Verde, be sam archipelago den island country for central Atlantic Ocean insyd, wey dey consist of ten volcanic islands plus combined land area of about 4,033 square kilometres (1,557 sq mi).[1] Dese islands dey lie between 600 den 850 kilometres (320 den 460 nautical miles) west of Cap-Vert, de westernmost point of continental Africa. De Cape Verde islands dey form part of de Macaronesia ecoregion, along plus de Azores, de Canary Islands, Madeira, den de Savage Isles.

Cape Verde ein official language be Portuguese.[2] De recognized national language be Cape Verdean Creole, wey dem dey speak by de vast majority of de population. As of de 2021 census de most populated islands be Santiago, wer de capital Praia dey locate (269,370), São Vicente (74,016), Santo Antão (36,632), Fogo (33,519) den Sal (33,347). De largest cities be Praia (137,868), Mindelo (69,013), Espargos (24,500) den Assomada (21,297).[3]

Etymology[edit | edit source]

Dem name de country after de Cap-Vert peninsula, for de Senegalese coast top.[4] De name Cap-Vert, in turn, dey cam from de Portuguese language Cabo Verde ('green cape'), de name wey Portuguese explorers give de cape insyd 1444, few years before dem cam across de islands.

Government den politics[edit | edit source]

International recognition[edit | edit source]

Insyd 2013 then United States Presido Barack Obama say Cape Verde be "a real success story".[5] Among oda achievements, na dem recognize am plus de assessments wey dey follow:

Index Score PALOP rank CPLP rank African rank World rank Year
Human Development Index 0.654 1 (top 17%) 3 (top 38%) 10 (top 19%) 125 (top 62%) 2017[6]
Ibrahim Index of African Governance 71.1 1 (top 17%) 3 (top 6%) 2018[7]
Freedom of the Press 27 (Free) 1 (top 17%) 2 (top 25%) 1 (top 2%) 48 (top 24%) 2014
Freedom in the World 1/1 1 (top 17%) 1 (top 13%) 1 (top 2%) 1 (top 1%) 2016
Press Freedom Index 18.02 1 (top 17%) 2 (top 25%) 3 (top 6%) 27 (top 14%) 2017
Democracy Index 7.88 (Flawed democracy) 1 (top 17%) 1 (top 13%) 2 (top 4%) 26 (top 13%) 2018
Corruption Perceptions Index 59 1 (top 17%) 2 (top 25%) 2 (top 4%) 38 (top 19%) 2016
Index of Economic Freedom[8] 66.5 1 (top 17%) 1 (top 13%) 3 (top 6%) 57 (top 28%) 2016
e-Government Readiness Index 0.3551 1 (top 17%) 3 (top 38%) 14 (top 26%) 127 (top 63%) 2014
Failed States Index 74.1 1 (top 17%) 3 (top 38%) 8 (top 15%) 93 (top 46%) 2014
Networked Readiness Index 3.8 1 (top 17%) 3 (top 38%) 7 (top 13%) 87 (top 43%) 2015[9]

Geography[edit | edit source]

Climate[edit | edit source]

Climate data for Cape Verde: São Vicente, Sal den Santiago, 1981–2010 normals, 1931–1960 extremes
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.0

(89.6)

33.1

(91.6)

34.2

(93.6)

33.4

(92.1)

33.3

(91.9)

34.1

(93.4)

33.6

(92.5)

38.0

(100.4)

34.8

(94.6)

33.0

(91.4)

33.0

(91.4)

31.0

(87.8)

38.0

(100.4)

Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 24.9

(76.8)

25.1

(77.2)

25.8

(78.4)

25.9

(78.6)

26.6

(79.9)

27.3

(81.1)

28.2

(82.8)

29.4

(84.9)

29.9

(85.8)

29.5

(85.1)

28.2

(82.8)

26.3

(79.3)

27.3

(81.1)

Daily mean °C (°F) 22.1

(71.8)

21.9

(71.4)

22.4

(72.3)

22.7

(72.9)

23.4

(74.1)

24.3

(75.7)

25.3

(77.5)

26.5

(79.7)

26.9

(80.4)

26.4

(79.5)

25.2

(77.4)

23.4

(74.1)

24.2

(75.6)

Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 19.4

(66.9)

19.1

(66.4)

19.3

(66.7)

19.8

(67.6)

20.6

(69.1)

21.6

(70.9)

22.7

(72.9)

23.9

(75.0)

24.5

(76.1)

23.8

(74.8)

22.6

(72.7)

20.9

(69.6)

21.5

(70.7)

Record low °C (°F) 12.0

(53.6)

10.0

(50.0)

12.0

(53.6)

15.0

(59.0)

15.0

(59.0)

15.0

(59.0)

17.0

(62.6)

14.5

(58.1)

19.0

(66.2)

18.5

(65.3)

17.0

(62.6)

16.0

(60.8)

10.0

(50.0)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 4.9

(0.19)

1.5

(0.06)

0.7

(0.03)

0.4

(0.02)

0.3

(0.01)

0.0

(0.0)

3.9

(0.15)

30.2

(1.19)

41.7

(1.64)

18.8

(0.74)

3.7

(0.15)

3.1

(0.12)

109.2

(4.3)

Average relative humidity (%) 66.9 67.3 66.9 67.8 69.5 72.3 73.8 75.3 76.0 73.5 70.7 69.5 70.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 213.4 184.9 197.1 199.0 195.4 175.1 165.4 160.7 165.1 185.3 186.2 202.9 2,230.5
Source 1: Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia e Geofísica[10]
Source 2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (extremes)[11][12][13]

Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]

Dem divide Cape Verde into 22 municipalities (concelhos) wey dem subdivide am into 32 parishes (freguesias), dem base for de religious parishes wey na exist during de colonial period top:

Barlavento Islands
Island Municipality Census 2010[14] Census 2021[15] Parish
Santo Antão Ribeira Grande 18,890 15,022 Nossa Senhora do Rosário
Nossa Senhora do Livramento
Santo Crucifixo
São Pedro Apóstolo
Paúl 6,997 5,696 Santo António das Pombas
Porto Novo 18,028 15,014 São João Baptista
Santo André
São Vicente São Vicente 76,107 74,016 Nossa Senhora da Luz
Santa Luzia
São Nicolau Ribeira Brava 7,580 6,978 Nossa Senhora da Lapa
Nossa Senhora do Rosário
Tarrafal de São Nicolau 5,237 5,261 São Francisco
Sal Sal 25,765 33,347 Nossa Senhora das Dores
Boa Vista Boa Vista 9,162 12,613 Santa Isabel
São João Baptista
Sotavento Islands
Island Municipality Census 2010[14] Census 2021[15] Parish
Maio Maio 6,952 6,298 Nossa Senhora da Luz
Santiago Praia 131,602 142,009 Nossa Senhora da Graça
São Domingos 13,808 13,958 Nossa Senhora da Luz
São Nicolau Tolentino
Santa Catarina 43,297 37,472 Santa Catarina
São Salvador do Mundo 8,677 7,452 São Salvador do Mundo
Santa Cruz 26,609 25,004 Santiago Maior
São Lourenço dos Órgãos 7,388 6,317 São Lourenço dos Órgãos
Ribeira Grande de Santiago 8,325 7,632 Santíssimo Nome de Jesus
São João Baptista
São Miguel 15,648 12,906 São Miguel Arcanjo
Tarrafal 18,565 16,620 Santo Amaro Abade
Fogo São Filipe 22,228 20,732 São Lourenço
Nossa Senhora da Conceição
Santa Catarina do Fogo 5,299 4,725 Santa Catarina do Fogo
Mosteiros 9,524 8,062 Nossa Senhora da Ajuda
Brava Brava 5,995 5,594 São João Baptista
Nossa Senhora do Monte

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Largest cities anaa towns insyd Cape Verde

Instituto Nacional de Estatística (Distribuição da população residente – RGPH 2010: População urbana)

Rank Name Municipality Pop.
1 Praia Praia 127,832
2 Mindelo São Vicente 70,468
3 Santa Maria Sal 23,839
4 Assomada Santa Catarina 12,026
5 Porto Novo Porto Novo 9,430
6 Pedra Badejo Santa Cruz 9,345
7 São Filipe São Filipe 8,125
8 Tarrafal Tarrafal 6,177
9 Sal Rei Boa Vista 5,407
10 Ribeira Grande Ribeira Grande 4,625

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Tanya Basu (12 December 2013). "Cape Verde Gets New Name: 5 Things to Know About How Maps Change". National Geographic. Archived from the original on 13 December 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
  2. "Constituição da República de Cabo Verde" (PDF). ICRC databases on international humanitarian law. Article 9. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 11 March 2017.
  3. "Cape Verde: Islands, Municipalities, Cities & Urban Localities - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  4. Lobban, p. 4
  5. "Remarks by the President After Meeting with African Leaders". Obama White House Archives. Archived from the original on 27 July 2020. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  6. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 July 2017. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  7. "2013 Ibrahim Index of African Governance" (PDF). Mo Ibrahim Foundation. October 2013. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 August 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
  8. "Cape Verde | 2010 Index of Economic Freedom". Heritage.org. Archived from the original on 3 February 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
  9. "World Economic Forum : The Global Information Technology Report 2010–2011" (PDF). Weform.org. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 August 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  10. "Normais Climatológicas". www.inmg.gov.cv (insyd European Portuguese). Archived from the original on 29 December 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  11. "Klimatafel von Santa Maria / Sal (Int.Flugh.) / Kapverden (Rep. Kap Verde)" (PDF). DwD. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 February 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  12. "Klimatafel von Praia / Sao Tiago / Kapverden (Rep. Kap Verde)" (PDF). DwD. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 October 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  13. "Klimatafel von Mindelo / Sao Vicente / Kapverden (Rep. Kap Verde)" (PDF). DwD. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 September 2021. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  14. 14.0 14.1 2010 Census — source: Instituto Nacional de Estatistica.
  15. 15.0 15.1 2021 Census — source: Instituto Nacional de Estatistica.

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]