West Africa

From Wikipedia
West Africa
geographic region, cultural region
Part ofAfrica Edit
ContinentAfrica Edit
Located in/on physical featureAfrica Edit
Coordinate location12°0′0″N 3°0′0″E Edit
Dey share bother plusNorth Africa, Central Africa, Atlantic Ocean Edit
Studied inWest African studies Edit
Category for mapsCategory:Maps of West Africa Edit

West Africa anaa Western Africa be de westernmost region for Africa. De United Nations dey define Western Africa as de 16 countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, den Togo, as well as Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom Overseas Territory).[1][2] Dem estimate de population for West Africa at 419 million meners[3][4] as of 2021, den at 381,981,000 as of 2017, of wich na 189,672,000 be shoddies den 192,309,000 jigas.[5] De region be demographically[6] den economically[7] one of de fastest growing for de African continent.

Early history insyd West Africa dey include number of prominent regional powers wey cam dominate different parts of both de coastal den internal trade networks, such as de Mali den Gao Empires. West Africa dey at de intersection of trade routes between de place wey Arab-dominate North Africa den further south for de continent top, de source of specialized goods such as gold, advanced iron-working, den ivory. After European explorate dem come encounter rich local economies den kingdoms, de Atlantic slave trade wey dem build on already existing slave systems say dem go provide labor for dema colonies insyd de Americas. After de end of de slave trade insyd de early 19th century, European nations, especially France den Britain, continue dey exploit de region through colonial relationships. For example, dem dey continue dey export plenty of de extractive goods, wey edey include labor-intensive agricultural crops lyk cocoa den coffee, forestry products lyk tropical timber, den mineral resources lyk gold. Since independence, plenty West African countries, lyk Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria den Senegal, come play important roles insyd de regional den global economies.

Geopolitical division[edit | edit source]

List of countries[edit | edit source]

  • Benin
  • Burkina Faso
  • Cape Verde
  • Ivory Coast
  • The Gambia
  • Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Liberia
  • Mali
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone
  • Togo
  • United Kingdom
    • Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom Overseas Territory)

Cities[edit | edit source]

Major den principal cities insyd West Africa dey include, geographically eastward:

  • Dakar, Senegal
  • Touba, Senegal
  • Serrekunda, The Gambia
  • Bissau, Guinea-Bissau
  • Conakry, Guinea
  • Freetown, Sierra Leone
  • Monrovia, Liberia
  • Bamako, Mali
  • Abidjan, Ivory Coast
  • Yamoussoukro, Ivory Coast
  • Bouaké, Ivory Coast
  • Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
  • Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
  • Accra, Ghana
  • Kumasi, Ghana
  • Lomé, Togo
  • Cotonou, Benin
  • Abuja, Nigeria
  • Lagos, Nigeria
  • Ibadan, Nigeria
  • Port Harcourt, Nigeria
  • Kano, Nigeria
  • Benin City, Nigeria
  • Jos, Nigeria
  • Porto Novo, Benin

Transport[edit | edit source]

Road transport[edit | edit source]

De Trans–West African Coastal Highway be transnational highway project make e link 12 West African coastal states, from Mauritania wey dey de north-west of de region go Nigeria[8] wey dey de east, plus feeder roads already dey exist for two landlocked countries, Mali den Burkina Faso.[9]

De eastern end of de highway dey terminate for Lagos, Nigeria.[8] Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) consider ein western end make e be Nouakchott, Mauritania, anaa make e be Dakar, Senegal, wey dey give rise to dese alternative names for de road:

  • Nouakchott–Lagos Highway
  • Lagos–Nouakchott Highway
  • Dakar–Lagos Highway
  • Lagos–Dakar Highway
  • Trans-African Highway 7 insyd de Trans-African Highway network

Air transport[edit | edit source]

De capitals' airports dey include:

  • Cadjehoun Airport (COO) International; Cotonou, Benin
  • Ouagadougou Airport (OUA); Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
  • Amílcar Cabral International Airport (SID); Praia, Cape Verde
  • Banjul International Airport (BJL) International; Banjul, Gambia
  • Kotoka International Airport (ACC); Accra; Ghana
  • Conakry International Airport (CKY); Conakry, Guinea
  • Osvaldo Vieira International Airport (OXB); Bissau, Guinea-Bissau
  • Port Bouet Airport (ABJ); Abidjan, Ivory Coast
  • Roberts International Airport (ROB); Monrovia, Liberia
  • Bamako–Sénou International Airport (BKO); Bamako, Mali
  • Nouakchott–Oumtounsy International Airport (NKC); Nouakchott, Mauritania
  • Diori Hamani International Airport (NIM); Niamey, Niger
  • Murtala Muhammed International Airport (LOS); Lagos, Nigeria
  • Saint Helena Airport; Jamestown, Saint Helena
  • Blaise Diagne International Airport (DSS); Dakar, Senegal
  • Lungi International Airport (FNA); Freetown, Sierra Leone
  • Lomé–Tokoin Airport (LFW); Lomé, Togo

Of de sixteen, de most important hub den entry point to West Africa be Kotoka International Airport, den Murtala Muhammed International Airport, wey dey offer chaw international connections.

Architecture[edit | edit source]

  • Prehistoric West African Architecture
  • Ancient West African Architecture
  • Medieval West African Architecture

Science den technology[edit | edit source]

  • Education
  • Astronomy
  • Mathematics
  • Metallurgy
  • Medicine
  • Agriculture
  • Textiles
  • Maritime technology
  • Architecture
  • Communication systems
  • Warfare
  • Commerce

Gallery[edit | edit source]

Capital cities of West Africa[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "United Nations Statistics Division – Standard Country and Area Codes Classifications". Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
  2. Paul R. Masson, Catherine Anne Pattillo, "Monetary union in West Africa (ECOWAS): is it desirable and how could it be achieved?" (Introduction). International Monetary Fund, 2001. ISBN 1-58906-014-8
  3. "World Population Prospects 2022". United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  4. "World Population Prospects 2022: Demographic indicators by region, subregion and country, annually for 1950-2100" (XSLX) ("Total Population, as of 1 July (thousands)"). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  5. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2017). World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision, custom data acquired via website.
  6. "West African population, 1950–2050 | West Africa Gateway | Portail de l'Afrique de l'Ouest". west-africa-brief.org. Archived from the original on 30 October 2021. Retrieved 30 October 2021.
  7. "UEMOA economies are projected to grow by 6.6% in 2020 | West Africa Gateway | Portail de l'Afrique de l'Ouest". www.west-africa-brief.org. Archived from the original on 30 October 2021. Retrieved 30 October 2021.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Nigeria Real Estate Market Review (PDF). Northcourt.
  9. Itai Madamombe (2006): "NEPAD promotes better transport networks", Africa Renewal, Vol. 20, No. 3 (October 2006), p. 14.

You fi read further[edit | edit source]

  • Akyeampong, Emmanuel Kwaku. Themes in West Africa's History (2006).
  • Brydon, Lynne. "Constructing Avatime: questions of history and identity in a West African polity, c. 1690s to the twentieth century." Journal of African History 49.1 (2008): 23–42. online
  • Collins, Robert O. African History: Western African History (1990).
  • Davidson, Basil. A History of West Africa, 1000–1800 (1978), numerous editions
  • Delavignette, Robert. Freedom and Authority in French West Africa (Routledge, 2018).
  • Dueppen, Stephen A. "The archaeology of West Africa, ca. 800 BCE to 1500 CE." History Compass 14.6 (2016): 247–263.
  • Edgerton, Robert B. The Fall of the Asante Empire: The Hundred-Year War For Africa'S Gold Coast (2002).
  • Fage, J. D. A Guide to Original Sources for Precolonial Western Africa Published in European Languages (2nd ed. 1994); updated in Stanley B. Alpern, ed. Guide to Original Sources for Precolonial Western Africa (2006).
  • Festus, Jacob et al. eds. History of West Africa (Vol. 1, 1989).
  • Greene, S. E. Sacred Sites and the Colonial Encounter: A History of Meaning and Memory in Ghana (2002).
  • Griswold, Wendy. Writing African women: Gender, popular culture and literature in West Africa (Zed Books Ltd., 2017).
  • Ham, Anthony. West Africa (2013) online.
  • Hayward, Derek F., and Julius Oguntoyinbo. Climatology of West Africa (Routledge, 2019).
  • Hopkins, Antony Gerald. An economic history of West Africa (2014) online.
  • Huber, Caroline, Lyn Finelli, and Warren Stevens. "The economic and social burden of the 2014 Ebola outbreak in West Africa." Journal of infectious diseases 218.Supplement_5 (2018): S698–S704.
  • Kane, Ousmane Oumar, Beyond Timbuktu: An Intellectual History of Muslim West Africa (2016).
  • Lavallée, Emmanuelle; Roubaud, François (3 June 2019). "Corruption in the Informal Sector: Evidence from West Africa". The Journal of Development Studies. 55 (6): 1067–1080. doi:10.1080/00220388.2018.1438597. S2CID 158886041.
  • Law, Robin (1985). "Human Sacrifice in Pre-Colonial West Africa". African Affairs. 84 (334): 53–87. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.afraf.a097676. JSTOR 722523.
  • Mann, Gregory (2005). "Locating Colonial Histories: Between France and West Africa". The American Historical Review. 110 (2): 409–434. doi:10.1086/ahr/110.2.409. JSTOR 10.1086/531320.
  • Martinez-Alvarez, Melisa; Jarde, Alexander; Usuf, Effua; Brotherton, Helen; Bittaye, Mustapha; Samateh, Ahmadou L; Antonio, Martin; Vives-Tomas, Joan; D'Alessandro, Umberto; Roca, Anna (May 2020). "COVID-19 pandemic in west Africa". The Lancet Global Health. 8 (5): e631–e632. doi:10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30123-6. PMID 32246918.
  • Mazrui, Ali A. Islam and the English language in East and West Africa (Routledge, 2017).
  • Meillassoux, Claude, ed. The development of indigenous trade and markets in West Africa: studies presented and discussed at the tenth International African seminar at Fourah Bay college, Freetown, December 1969 (Routledge, 2018).
  • Mendonsa, Eugene L. West Africa: An Introduction to Its History (2002)
  • O'Brien, Donal Cruise, Richard Rathbone, John Dunn, eds. Contemporary West African States (2002) online free to borrow
  • Soares, Benjamin (March 2014). "The Historiography of Islam in West Africa: An Anthropologist's View". The Journal of African History. 55 (1): 27–36. doi:10.1017/S0021853713000819. hdl:1887/25369. S2CID 162823960.
  • Tonkin, Elizabeth. Narrating our pasts: The social construction of oral history (Cambridge university press, 1995), on West Africa
  • Westermann, Diedrich, and Margaret Arminel Bryan. The Languages of West Africa: Handbook of African Languages (Routledge, 2017).

External links[edit | edit source]