From Wikipedia
country, sovereign state, island country, archipelagic state
Part ofEast Africa Edit
Inception6 July 1975 Edit
Name in native languageUnion des Comores, الاتحاد القمري Edit
Official nameComores, l’Union des Comores, Union of the Comoros Edit
Native labelUnion des Comores, الاتحاد القمري Edit
Short name🇰🇲 Edit
IPA transcriptionku'muːɾn̩ə Edit
Official languageComorian, Arabic, French Edit
AnthemUdzima wa ya Masiwa Edit
Cultureculture of Comoros Edit
Motto textUnité – Solidarité – Développement Edit
ContinentAfrica Edit
CountryComoros Edit
CapitalMoroni Edit
Located in time zoneUTC+03:00, Indian/Comoro Edit
Located in/on physical featureEast African islands Edit
Coordinate location12°18′0″S 43°42′0″E Edit
Coordinates of easternmost point12°15′38″S 44°32′26″E Edit
Coordinates of northernmost point11°22′12″S 43°21′0″E Edit
Coordinates of southernmost point12°23′5″S 44°30′58″E Edit
Coordinates of westernmost point11°44′11″S 43°13′43″E Edit
Highest pointMount Karthala Edit
Lowest pointIndian Ocean Edit
Government ein basic formfederal republic Edit
Office held by head of statePresident of Comoros Edit
State ein headAzali Assoumani Edit
Office head of government holdPresident of Comoros Edit
Government ein headAzali Assoumani Edit
Legislative bodyAssembly of the Union of the Comoros Edit
Central bankCentral Bank of the Comoros Edit
Diplomatic relationTaiwan, USA, North Korea, China, Georgia Edit
Dey contain de administrative territorial entityGrande Comore, Anjouan, Mohéli Edit
CurrencyComorian franc Edit
Driving sideright Edit
Electrical plug typeEuroplug, Type E Edit
Dey followFrench Madagascar Edit
Dey replaceFederal Islamic Republic of the Comoros Edit
Language dem useModern Standard Arabic, French, Mwali Comorian, Ngazidja Comorian, Ndzwani Comorian Edit
Official website Edit
HashtagComoros Edit
Top-level Internet Edit
Flagflag of the Comoros Edit
Coat of armsNational seal of the Union of the Comoros Edit
Geography of topicgeography of Comoros Edit
Get characteristicpartly free country Edit
History of topichistory of the Comoros Edit
Official religionIslam Edit
Economy of topiceconomy of the Comoros Edit
Demographics of topicdemographics of the Comoros Edit
Mobile country code654 Edit
Country calling code+269 Edit
Emergency phone number17, 18, 772-03-73 Edit
Maritime identification digits616, 620 Edit
Unicode character🇰🇲 Edit
Category for mapsCategory:Maps of the Comoros Edit

De Comoros, officially de Union of the Comoros, be independent country wey dey make up of three islands for Southeastern Africa insyd, e dey locate for de northern end of de Mozambique Channel wey dey de Indian Ocean insyd. Ein capital den largest city be Moroni. De religion of de majority of de population, den de official state religion, be Sunni Islam. Comoros proclaim ein independence from France for 6 July 1975. Ebe member of de Arab League, ebe de only country insyd de Arab world wey be entirely insyd de Southern Hemisphere. Ebe member state of de African Union, de Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, de Organisation of Islamic Co-operation, den de Indian Ocean Commission. De country get three official languages: Shikomori, French den Arabic.

For 1,659 km2 (641 sq mi), de Comoros be de third-smallest African country by area.[1] Insyd 2019, na dem estimate ein population be 850,886.[2][3] De sovereign state dey consist of three major islands den numerous smaller islands, all of de volcanic Comoro Islands plus de exception of Mayotte. Mayotte vote against independence from France insyd referendum for 1974 insyd, wey edey continue to be administer by France as overseas department. Na France veto United Nations Security Council resolution wey na e go affirm Comorian sovereignty ova de island.[4][5][6][7] Mayotte cam turn overseas department den region of France insyd 2011 wey dey follow referendum wey na dem pass overwhelmingly.

Ebe likely say Austronesian/Malagasy peoples, Bantu speakers from East Africa den seafaring Arab traders settle de Comoros first.[8] E cam turn part of de French colonial empire during de 19th century, before ein independence insyd 1975. E experience more dan 20 coups anaa attempted coups, plus dem assassinate various heads of state.[9][10] Along plus dis constant political instability, e get one of de worst levels of income inequality of any nation, wey e dey rank insyd de medium quartile for de Human Development Index top.[11] Between 2009 den 2014, about 19% of de population live below de international poverty line of US$1.90 a day by purchasing power parity.[12]

Etymology[edit | edit source]

De name "Comoros" dey derive from de Arabic wordقمر qamar ("moon").[13]

Geography[edit | edit source]

De areas den populations (for de 2017 Census) of de main islands be as follows:[14]

Name Area



Census 2017[14]

Mwali 211 51,567
Ngazidja 1,024 379,367
Ndzwani 424 327,382
Totals 1,659 758,316

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Largest cities anaa towns insyd Comoros


Rank Name Island Pop.
1 Moroni Grande Comore 111,329
2 Mutsamudu Anjouan 30,000
3 Ouani Anjouan 22,501
4 Mandza Grande Comore 21,000
5 Fomboni Mohéli 18,277
6 Domoni Anjouan 16,276
7 Adda-Douéni Anjouan 10,858
8 Kourani Grande Comore 10,000
9 Bazimini Anjouan 8,952
10 Mkazi Grande Comore 8,438

With about 850,000 residents, the Comoros is one of the least-populous countries in the world, but its population density is high,

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Walker, Iain. "Islands in a Cosmopolitan Sea: A History of the Comoros." Hurst Publishers. 2019, p 8-9.
  2. "World Population Prospects 2022". United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  3. "World Population Prospects 2022: Demographic indicators by region, subregion and country, annually for 1950-2100" (XSLX) ("Total Population, as of 1 July (thousands)"). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  4. "Question of the Comorian island of Mayotte" (PDF). United Nations General Assembly Resolution. 21 October 1976. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 April 2008. Retrieved 18 February 2024.
  5. "Comoros - Permanent Mission to the United Nations". 6 January 2008. Retrieved 18 February 2024.
  6. "Subjects of UN Security Council Vetoes". Global Policy Forum. Archived from the original on 17 March 2008. Retrieved 27 March 2008.
  7. "Article 33, Repertory, Supplement 5, vol. II (1970–1978)" (PDF). United Nations, Office of Legal Affairs (OLA). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 October 2014.
  8. Nicolas Brucato, Veronica Fernandes, Stéphane Mazières, Pradiptajati Kusuma, Murray P. Cox, Joseph Wainaina Ng’ang’a, Mohammed Omar, Marie-Claude Simeone-Senelle, Coralie Frassati, Farida Alshamali, Bertrand Fin, Anne Boland, Jean-Francois Deleuze, Mark Stoneking, Alexander Adelaar, Alison Crowther, Nicole Boivin, Luisa Pereira, Pascal Bailly, Jacques Chiaroni, François-Xavier Ricaut (4 January 2018). "The Comoros Show the Earliest Austronesian Gene Flow into the Swahili Corridor". American Journal of Human Genetics. American Society of Human Genetics. 102 (1): 58–68. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2017.11.011. PMC 5777450. PMID 29304377.
  9. "Anti-French protests in Comoros". BBC News. 27 March 2008. Archived from the original on 28 March 2008. Retrieved 27 March 2008.
  10. "Intrigue in the world's most coup-prone island paradise". The Economist. Archived from the original on 25 January 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  11. "Human Development Report 2021/2022" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2022. p. 283.
  12. "Human Development Report 2021/2022" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2022. p. 297.
  13. "The Islands of the Moon". Aramco World. 47 (4): 40. July–August 1996. Archived from the original on 13 October 2007. Retrieved 20 September 2007.
  14. 14.0 14.1 Institut Nationale de la Statistique et Études Économiques et Démographiques, Comoros (web).
  15. "Comoros Cities by Population, 2022".

Sources[edit | edit source]

  • Martin Ottenheimer; Harriet Ottenheimer (1994). Historical Dictionary of the Comoro Islands. African Historical Dictionaries; No. 59. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-585-07021-6.
  • Iain Walker (2019). Islands in a Cosmopolitan Sea: A History of the Comoros. London, England: Hurst Publishers. ISBN 9781787381469.

External links[edit | edit source]