From Wikipedia
sovereign state, landlocked country, country
Part ofEast Africa Edit
Inception1 July 1962 Edit
Official nameUburundi, République du Burundi, Republic of Burundi Edit
Native labelUburundi Edit
Short nameBurundi, 🇧🇮 Edit
Dem name afterKirundi Edit
Official languageKirundi, French, English Edit
AnthemBurundi Bwacu Edit
Cultureculture of Burundi Edit
Motto textUbumwe, Ibikorwa, Amajambere, Unité, Travail, Progrès, Единство, труд, прогрес, Unitate, Trudă, Progres, Beautiful Burundi Edit
ContinentAfrica Edit
CountryBurundi Edit
CapitalGitega Edit
Located in time zoneUTC+02:00, Africa/Bujumbura Edit
Coordinate location3°40′0″S 29°49′0″E Edit
Coordinates of easternmost point2°58′48″S 30°51′0″E Edit
Coordinates of northernmost point2°19′12″S 30°24′0″E Edit
Coordinates of southernmost point4°28′8″S 29°45′11″E Edit
Coordinates of westernmost point2°47′24″S 29°0′4″E Edit
Highest pointMount Heha Edit
Lowest pointLake Tanganyika Edit
Office held by head of statePresident of Burundi Edit
State ein headÉvariste Ndayishimiye Edit
Office head of government holdPrime Minister of Burundi Edit
Government ein headunknown value Edit
Executive bodyCouncil of Ministers Edit
Legislative bodyParliament of Burundi Edit
Central bankBank of the Republic of Burundi Edit
CurrencyBurundian franc Edit
Headquarters locationBujumbura Edit
Dey share bother plusDemocratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania Edit
Driving sideright Edit
Electrical plug typeEuroplug, Type E Edit
Dey followKingdom of Burundi Edit
Dey replaceKingdom of Burundi Edit
Language dem useSwahili, French, Kirundi Edit
Official websitehttps://www.presidence.gov.bi/ Edit
HashtagBurundi Edit
Top-level Internet domain.bi Edit
Flagflag of Burundi Edit
Coat of armscoat of arms of Burundi Edit
Geography of topicgeography of Burundi Edit
Get characteristicnot-free country Edit
History of topichistory of Burundi Edit
Economy of topiceconomy of Burundi Edit
Demographics of topicdemographics of Burundi Edit
Mobile country code642 Edit
Country calling code+257 Edit
Emergency phone number112, 113, 117 Edit
Licence plate codeRU Edit
Maritime identification digits609 Edit
Unicode character🇧🇮 Edit
Category for mapsCategory:Maps of Burundi Edit

Burundi (/bəˈrʊndi/ (listen), /-ˈrʌn-/), alias Republic of Burundi (Kirundi: Repuburika y’Uburundi[1] [u.βu.ɾǔː.ndi]; Swahili: Jamuhuri ya Burundi; French: République du Burundi [buʁundi, byʁyndi]), be sam landlocked country for Great Rift Valley insyd wey dey de junction between de African Great Lakes region den East Africa. Ebe border by Rwanda to de north, Tanzania to de east den southeast, den de Democratic Republic of the Congo to de west; Lake Tanganyika dey lie along ein southwestern border. De capital cities be Gitega den Bujumbura, de latter be de country ein largest city.[2]

Burundi remain primarily rural society, plus just 13.4% of de population dey live insyd urban areas for 2019 insyd.[3] Burundi be densely populated, den chaw young people emigrate dey search of opportunities elsewhere. Roughly 85% of de population be of Hutu ethnic origin, 15% be Tutsi, den fewer dan 1% be Twa.[4] De official languages of Burundi be Kirundi, French, den English—Kirundi be officially dem recognise as de sole national language.[5] Na dem make English official language for 2014 insyd.[6]

One of de smallest countries insyd Africa, dem dey use Burundi ein land mostly for subsistence agriculture den grazing, wey edey lead to deforestation, soil erosion, den habitat loss.[7] As of 2005, na de country be almost completely deforested. Na less dan 6% of ein land be cover by trees, den ova half of dat be for commercial plantations.[8] Burundi be de poorest country for de world insyd by nominal GDP per capita, wey ebe one of de least developed countries. Edey face widespread poverty, corruption, instability, authoritarianism, den illiteracy. De 2018 World Happiness Report rank de country as de world ein least happy plus rank of 156.[9] Burundi be member of de African Union, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, United Nations, East African Community (EAC), den de Non-Aligned Movement.

Subdivisions[edit | edit source]

Province Capital Area[10]



(2008 census)

Density (per km2) Communes
Eastern Burundi
Cankuzo Cankuzo 1,964.54 228,873 116.5 5
Gitega Gitega 1,978.96 725,223 366.5 11
Rutana Rutana 1,959.45 333,510 170.2 6
Ruyigi Ruyigi 2,338.88 400,530 171.2 7
Northern Burundi
Karuzi Karuzi 1,457.40 436,443 299.5 7
Kayanza Kayanza 1,233.24 585,412 474.7 9
Kirundo Kirundo 1,703.34 628,256 368.8 7
Muyinga Muyinga 1,836.26 632,409 344.4 7
Ngozi Ngozi 1,473.86 660,717 448.3 9
Southern Burundi
Bururi Bururi 1,644.68 313,102 190.4 6
Makamba Makamba 1,959.60 430,899 219.9 6
Rumonge Rumonge 1,079.72 352,026 326.0 5
Western Burundi
Bubanza Bubanza 1,089.04 338,023 310.4 5
Bujumbura Mairie Bujumbura 86.52 497,166 5746.3 13
Bujumbura Rural Isale 1,059.84 464,818 438.6 9
Cibitoke Cibitoke 1,635.53 460,435 281.5 6
Muramvya Muramvya 695.52 292,589 420.7 5
Mwaro Mwaro 839.60 273,143 325.3 6

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Largest cities anaa towns insyd Burundi


Rank Name Province Pop.
1 Bujumbura Bujumbura Mairie 374,809
2 Gitega Gitega 135,467
3 Ngozi Ngozi 39,884
4 Rumonge Bururi 35,931
5 Cibitoke Cibitoke 23,885
6 Kayanza Kayanza 21,767
7 Bubanza Bubanza 20,031
8 Karuzi Karuzi 10,705
9 Kirundo Kirundo 10,024
10 Muyinga Muyinga 9,609

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Constitution de la République du Burundi promulguée le 07 juin 2018". 3 July 2018.
  2. "Loi n°1/04 du 04 février 2019 portant Fixation de la Capitale Politique et de la Capitale Economique du Burundi". 13 February 2019. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  3. "Burundi", The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, 31 January 2024, retrieved 5 February 2024
  4. Eggers, p. ix.
  5. Maurer, Sous la direction de Bruno (1 October 2016). Les approches bi-plurilingues d'enseignement-apprentissage: autour du programme Écoles et langues nationales en Afrique (ELAN-Afrique): Actes du colloque du 26–27 mars 2015, Université Paul-Valéry, Montpellier, France. Archives contemporaines. ISBN 9782813001955. Archived from the original on 10 April 2018. Retrieved 10 April 2018 – via Google Books.
  6. "Burundi: l'anglais officialisé aux côtés du français et du kirundi". RFI (insyd French). 29 August 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2021.
  7. Bermingham, Eldredge, Dick, Christopher W. and Moritz, Craig (2005). Tropical Rainforests: Past, Present, and Future. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press, p. 146. ISBN 0-226-04468-8
  8. Butler, Rhett A. (2006). "Burundi". Mongabay. Archived from the original on 5 May 2006.
  9. Collinson, Patrick (14 March 2018). "Finland is the happiest country in the world, says UN report". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 14 March 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  10. "Burundi: administrative units, extended". GeoHive. Archived from the original on 14 July 2015. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  11. Law, Gwillim. "Provinces of Burundi". Statoids. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  12. "Burundi Cities by Population".

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

You fi read further[edit | edit source]

  • Abdallah, Ahmedou Ould Burundi on the Brink, 1993–95: A UN Special Envoy Reflects on Preventive Diplomacy
  • Allen, J. A.; et al. (2003). Africa South of the Sahara 2004: South of the Sahara. New York, New York: Taylor and Francis Group. ISBN 1-85743-183-9.
  • Bentley, Kristina and Southall, Roger An African Peace Process: Mandela, South Africa, and Burundi
  • Chrétien, Jean-Pierre The Great Lakes of Africa: Two Thousand Years of History
  • Daley, Patricia Gender and Genocide in Burundi: The Search for Spaces of Peace in the Great Lakes Region
  • Gates, Henry Lewis; Anthony Appiah (1999). Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience. New York, New York: Basic Civitas Books. ISBN 0-465-00071-1.
  • Ewusi, Kale and Akwanga, Ebenezer Burundi's Negative Peace: The Shadow of a Broken Continent in the Era of Nepad
  • Jennings, Christian Across the Red River: Rwanda, Burundi and the Heart of Darkness
  • Kayoya, Michel My Father's Footsteps (Sur les traces de mon père) East African Publishing House, 1973
  • Kayoya, Michel Entre deux mondes (Between two worlds) Lavigerie Éditeurs, Bujumbura: 1971. Kayoya was murdered during the 1972 genocide.
  • Kidder, Tracy, Strength in What Remains (A biography of a Burundian immigrant to the US)
  • Krueger, Robert; Kathleen Tobin Krueger (2007). From Bloodshed to Hope in Burundi: Our Embassy Years during Genocide. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-71486-1.
  • Melady, Thomas Patrick Burundi: The Tragic Years
  • Nivonzima, David and Fendell, Len Unlocking Horns: Forgiveness and Reconciliation in Burundi
  • Uvin, Peter Life After Violence: A People's Story of Burundi
  • Watt, Nigel Burundi: The Biography of a Small African Country
  • Weinstein, Warren (2006). Historical Dictionary of Burundi. Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-0962-1.1st. edition.

External links[edit | edit source]