Democratic Republic of the Congo

From Wikipedia
Democratic Republic of the Congo
sovereign state, country
Part ofCentral Africa Edit
Inception30 June 1960 Edit
Official nameRépublique démocratique du Congo Edit
Native labelRépublique démocratique du Congo Edit
IPA transcriptiondən dɛmu'kɾɑːtɪskə rɛpʉ'blɪkən 'kɔŋgu Edit
Ethnic groupMongo, Luba people, Kongo people, Mangbetu people, Zande people Edit
Participant inKivu conflict Edit
Dem name afterCongo Edit
Official languageFrench Edit
AnthemDebout Congolais Edit
Cultureculture of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Edit
Motto textJustice – Paix – Travail, Justice – Peace – Work, Справедливост - мир - труд, Cyfiawnder - Heddwch - Gwaith Edit
ContinentAfrica Edit
CountryDemocratic Republic of the Congo Edit
CapitalKinshasa Edit
Located in time zoneUTC+01:00, UTC+02:00 Edit
Located in or next to body of waterAtlantic Ocean Edit
Coordinate location2°52′48″S 23°39′22″E Edit
Coordinates of easternmost point2°7′37″N 31°18′47″E Edit
Coordinates of northernmost point5°24′0″N 25°31′48″E Edit
Coordinates of southernmost point13°27′32″S 29°43′34″E Edit
Coordinates of westernmost point5°46′44″S 12°12′25″E Edit
Highest pointMount Stanley Edit
Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean Edit
Government ein basic formrepublic Edit
Office held by head of statePresident of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Edit
State ein headFélix Tshisekedi Edit
Office head of government holdPrime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Edit
Government ein headIlunga Ilunkamba Sylvestre Edit
Executive bodyGovernment of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Edit
Legislative bodyParliament of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Edit
Central bankCentral Bank of Congo Edit
CurrencyCongolese franc Edit
Driving sideright Edit
Electrical plug typeEuroplug, AC power plugs and sockets: British and related types, Type E Edit
Dey replaceZaire Edit
Studied inCongolese studies (Democratic Republic of Congo) Edit
HashtagDemocraticRepublicoftheCongo Edit
Top-level Internet Edit
Flagflag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Edit
Coat of armsArms of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Edit
Official symbolOkapia johnstoni Edit
Geography of topicgeography of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Edit
Get characteristicnot-free country Edit
History of topichistory of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Edit
Economy of topiceconomy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Edit
Demographics of topicdemographics of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Edit
Mobile country code630 Edit
Country calling code+243 Edit
Emergency phone number113, 114, 118 Edit
Licence plate codeCGO Edit
Maritime identification digits676 Edit
Unicode character🇨🇩 Edit
Category for mapsCategory:Maps of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Edit

De Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), dem sanso know as Congo-Kinshasa, DRC, DR Congo, anaa simply the Congo wey dem know am from 1971–1997 as Zaire, be sam country for Central Africa. By land area, de DRC be sam second-largest country for Africa, after Algeria, den de 11th-largest for de world insyd. Plus sam population of around 112 million, de Democratic Republic of de Congo be de most populous officially Francophone country for de de world insyd. De national capital den largest city be Kinshasa, wey e sanso be de economic center. De country dey border de Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania (across Lake Tanganyika), Zambia, Angola, de Cabinda exclave of Angola, den de South Atlantic Ocean.

De country be member of de United Nations, Non-Aligned Movement, African Union, COMESA, Southern African Development Community, Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie, den Economic Community of Central African States.

Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]

Dem divide de country currently into de city-province of Kinshasa den 25 oda provinces.[1] De provinces be subdivided into 145 territories den 32 cities. Before 2015, na de country get 11 provinces.[2]

1. Kinshasa 14. Ituri Province
2. Kongo Central 15. Haut-Uele
3. Kwango 16. Tshopo
4. Kwilu Province 17. Bas-Uele
5. Mai-Ndombe Province 18. Nord-Ubangi
6. Kasaï Province 19. Mongala
7. Kasaï-Central 20. Sud-Ubangi
8. Kasaï-Oriental 21. Équateur
9. Lomami Province 22. Tshuapa
10. Sankuru 23. Tanganyika Province
11. Maniema 24. Haut-Lomami
12. South Kivu 25. Lualaba Province
13. North Kivu 26. Haut-Katanga Province

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Population[edit | edit source]

De CIA World Factbook estimate de population say e be ova 111 million as of 2023.[3] Between 1950 den 2000, de country ein population nearly quadruple from 12.2 million go 46.9 million.[4]

Ethnic groups[edit | edit source]

Ova 250 ethnic groups den 450 tribes (ethnic subgroups) populate de DRC. Dem dey insyd de Bantu, Sudanic, Nilotic, Ubangian den Pygmy linguistic groups. Secof dis diversity, no dominant ethnic group dey insyd Congo, howeva de ethnic groups wey dey follow account for 51.5% of de population:[5]

  • Luba-Kasaï
  • Kongo
  • Mongo
  • Lubakat
  • Lulua
  • Tetela
  • Nande
  • Ngbandi
  • Ngombe
  • Yaka
  • Ngbaka

Insyd 2021, de UN estimate de country ein population say e be 96 million,[6][7] rapid increase from 39.1 million insyd 1992 despite de war wey dey go on.[8] Dem identify as many as 250 ethnic groups wey dem name. About 600,000 Pygmies dey live insyd de DRC.[9]

Largest cities[edit | edit source]

Largest cities anaa towns insyd de Democratic Republic of the Congo[10][11]
Rank Name Province Pop.
1 Kinshasa Kinshasa 15,628,000
2 Mbuji-Mayi Kasai-Oriental 2,765,000
3 Lubumbashi Haut-Katanga 2,695,000
4 Kananga Kasaï-Central 1,593,000
5 Kisangani Tshopo 1,366,000
6 Bukavu South Kivu 1,190,000
7 Tshikapa Kasaï 1,024,000
8 Bunia Ituri 768,000
9 Goma North Kivu 707,000
10 Uvira South Kivu 657,000

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Central Intelligence Agency (2014). "Democratic Republic of the Congo". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 22 February 2021. Retrieved 29 April 2014.
  2. "The National Assembly adopts the laws regarding the limits of the provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (insyd French)". National Assembly of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. 10 January 2015. Archived from the original on 27 January 2015. Retrieved 27 February 2024.
  3. "Congo, Democratic Republic of the". 18 April 2022.
  4. "Democratic Republic of the Congo Demographic Trends". Open Data for Africa. UN, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division.
  5. "Democratic Republic of Congo in Crisis | Human Rights Watch". Archived from the original on 13 May 2021. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  6. "World Population Prospects 2022". United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  7. "World Population Prospects 2022: Demographic indicators by region, subregion and country, annually for 1950-2100" (XSLX) ("Total Population, as of 1 July (thousands)"). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  8. "Zaire – Population". Library of Congress Country Studies. 8 November 2004. Archived from the original on 28 June 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2024.
  9. "Pygmies want UN tribunal to address cannibalism". The Sydney Morning Herald. 23 May 2003. Archived from the original on 21 January 2010. Retrieved 27 February 2024.
  10. "The World Factbook: Africa - Congo, Democratic Republic of the". The World Factbook. CIA. Archived from the original on 11 May 2020. Retrieved 13 April 2016.
  11. "Africa Population (2022)".

You fi read further[edit | edit source]

  • Clark, John F., The African Stakes of the Congo War, 2004.
  • Callaghy, T., The State-Society Struggle: Zaire in Comparative Perspective. New York: Columbia University Press, 1984, ISBN 0-231-05720-2.
  • Deibert, Michael: The Democratic Republic of Congo: Between Hope and Despair, Zed Books, 2013.
  • Devlin, Larry (2007). Chief of Station, Congo: A Memoir of 1960–67. New York: PublicAffairs. ISBN 978-1-58648-405-7.
  • Drummond, Bill and Manning, Mark, The Wild Highway, 2005.
  • Edgerton, Robert, The Troubled Heart of Africa: A History of the Congo. St. Martin's Press, 2002.
  • Exenberger, Andreas/Hartmann, Simon. The Dark Side of Globalization. The Vicious Cycle of Exploitation from World Market Integration: Lesson from the Congo Archived 15 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine, Working Papers in Economics and Statistics 31, University Innsbruck 2007.
  • Exenberger, Andreas/Hartmann, Simon. Doomed to Disaster? Long-term Trajectories of Exploitation in the Congo, Paper to be presented at the Workshop "Colonial Extraction in the Netherlands Indies and Belgian Congo: Institutions, Institutional Change and Long Term Consequences", Utrecht 3–4 December 2010.
  • Gondola, Ch. Didier, "The History of Congo", Westport: Greenwood Press, 2002.
  • Joris, Lieve, translated by Waters, Liz, The Rebels' Hour, Atlantic, 2008.
  • Justenhoven, Heinz-Gerhard; Ehrhart, Hans Georg. Intervention im Kongo: eine kritische Analyse der Befriedungspolitik von UN und EU. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer Verlag, 2008. (In German) ISBN 978-3-17-020781-3.
  • Kingsolver, Barbara. The Poisonwood Bible HarperCollins, 1998.
  • Larémont, Ricardo René, ed. 2005. Borders, nationalism and the African state. Boulder, Colorado and London: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
  • Lemarchand, Reni and Hamilton, Lee; Burundi: Ethnic Conflict and Genocide. Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 1994.
  • Mealer, Bryan: "All Things Must Fight To Live", 2008. ISBN 1-59691-345-2.
  • Melvern, Linda, Conspiracy to Murder: The Rwandan Genocide and the International Community. Verso, 2004.
  • Miller, Eric: "The Inability of Peacekeeping to Address the Security Dilemma", 2010. ISBN 978-3-8383-4027-2.
  • Mwakikagile, Godfrey, Nyerere and Africa: End of an Era, Third Edition, New Africa Press, 2006, "Chapter Six: Congo in The Sixties: The Bleeding Heart of Africa", pp. 147–205, ISBN 978-0-9802534-1-2; Mwakikagile, Godfrey, Africa and America in The Sixties: A Decade That Changed The Nation and The Destiny of A Continent, First Edition, New Africa Press, 2006, ISBN 978-0-9802534-2-9; Congo in The Sixties, ISBN 978-1448665709, 2009; Africa: Dawn of a New Era, ISBN 978-9987160488, 2015.
  • Nzongola-Ntalaja, Georges, The Congo from Leopold to Kabila: A People's History, 2002.
  • O'Hanlon, Redmond, Congo Journey, 1996.
  • O'Hanlon, Redmond, No Mercy: A Journey into the Heart of the Congo, 1998.
  • Prunier, Gérard, Africa's World War: Congo, the Rwandan Genocide, and the Making of a Continental Catastrophe, 2011 (also published as From Genocide to Continental War: The Congolese Conflict and the Crisis of Contemporary Africa: The Congo Conflict and the Crisis of Contemporary Africa).
  • Renton, David; Seddon, David; Zeilig, Leo. The Congo: Plunder and Resistance, 2007. ISBN 978-1-84277-485-4.
  • Reyntjens, Filip, The Great African War: Congo and Regional Geopolitics, 1996–2006 , 2009.
  • Rorison, Sean, Bradt Travel Guide: Congo  — Democratic Republic/Republic, 2008.
  • Schulz, Manfred. Entwicklungsträger in der DR Kongo: Entwicklungen in Politik, Wirtschaft, Religion, Zivilgesellschaft und Kultur, Berlin: Lit, 2008, (in German) ISBN 978-3-8258-0425-1.
  • Stearns, Jason: Dancing in the Glory of Monsters: the Collapse of the Congo and the Great War of Africa, Public Affairs, 2011.
  • Tayler, Jeffrey, Facing the Congo, 2001.
  • Turner, Thomas, The Congo Wars: Conflict, Myth and Reality, 2007.
  • Van Reybrouck, David, Congo: The Epic History of a People, 2014
  • Wrong, Michela, In the Footsteps of Mr. Kurtz: Living on the Brink of Disaster in Mobutu's Congo.

External links[edit | edit source]