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University of Fort Hare

From Wikipedia
University of Fort Hare
Year dem found am1916 Edit
CountrySouth Africa Edit
Coordinate location32°47′15″S 26°50′51″E Edit
Member ofSouth African National Library and Information Consortium, African Library and Information Associations and Institutions, Association of African Universities Edit
Demma headquarters locationAlice Edit
Dema official websitehttps://www.ufh.ac.za/ Edit

De University of Fort Hare (Afrikaans:Universiteit van Fort Hare) be public university insyd Alice, Eastern Cape, South Africa.

Na ebe key institution of higher education give Africans from 1916 to 1959 wen na edey offer Western-style academic education to students from across sub-Saharan Africa, wey dey create African elite. Na Fort Hare alumni be part of chaw subsequent independence movements den governments of newly independent African countries.[1][2]

Insyd 1959, na dem subsum de university by de apartheid system, buh ebe now part of South Africa ein post-apartheid public higher education system. Ebe de alma mater of well-known people wey dey include Nelson Mandela, Desmond Tutu, Robert Sobukwe, Oliver Tambo, den odas.

History[edit | edit source]

Union Hall for de University of Fort Hare

Originally, na Fort Hare be British fort insyd de wars between British settlers den de Xhosa of de 19th century. Sam of de ruins of de fort be still visible today, as well as graves of sam of de British soldiers wey die while for duty der.

During de 1830s, de na dem build de Lovedale Missionary Institute near Fort Hare.[3] James Stewart, one of ein missionary principals, suggest insyd 1878 dat dem dey hia make dem create institution for higher education of black students.[3] However, he no live make he see ein idea put into operation[3] wen, insyd 1916, na dem establish Fort Hare plus Alexander Kerr as ein first principal. Na D. D. T. Jabavu be ein first black staff member wey lecture insyd Latin den African languages.[3] For accord plus ein Christian principles, na fees be low wey dem heavily subsidise am. Na several scholarships sanso be available give indigent students.

Fort Hare get chaw associations over de years before e cam turn university for ein own right insyd. Na dem initially dey bell am de South African Native College anaa Fort Hare Native College[4] wey edey attach to de University of South Africa.[3] E then cam turn de University College of Fort Hare wey dey associate plus Rhodes University.[3] Plus de introduction of apartheid, na dem strictly segregate higher educational institutions insyd South Africa along racial lines; blacks previously go to class plus Indians, coloureds den few white students. From 1953 de school cam turn part of de Bantu education system, den plus de passage of de Promotion of Bantu Self Government Act insyd 1959, na dem nationalize am den segregate am along racial den tribal lines, wey na dem encourage dey teach insyd African languages rather dan English.[5] Fort Hare cam turn black university for ein own right insyd 1970, strictly controll by de state government.[3]

Na ebe key institution insyd higher education give black Africans from 1916 go 1959. Na edey offer Western-style academic education to students from across sub-Saharan Africa, wey dey create black African elite. Na Fort Hare alumni be part of chaw subsequent independence movements den governments of newly independent African countries.[5] Amongst those wey study for Fort Hare wey later cam turn leaders of dema countries be Kenneth Kaunda, Seretse Khama, Yusuf Lule, Julius Nyerere, Robert Mugabe den Joshua Nkomo.

University[edit | edit source]

De university ein main campus dey locate insyd Alice near de Tyhume River. E dey insyd de Eastern Cape Province about 50 km west of King William's Town, insyd region wey for while na dem know am as de "independent" state of Ciskei. Insyd 2011, de Alice campus get sam 6,400 students. Second campus for de Eastern Cape provincial capital of Bhisho na dem build insyd 1990 wey dey host few hundred students, while de campus insyd East London, dem acquire thru incorporation insyd 2004, get sam 4,300 students.

De university get five faculties (Education, Law, Management & Commerce, Science & Agriculture, Social Sciences & Humanities) all of wich dey offer qualifications up to de doctoral level.

Notable alumni[edit | edit source]

Name DoB - DoD Notes
Dr. Maurice Robert Joseph Peters 23 July 1899 - 31 August 1959 First South African Indian Medical Doctor, graduate MBChB from de University of Edinburgh in 1926.
Milner Langa Kabane 18 June 1900 – 1945 Educator, First Native Principal at Lovedale College, South African Politician, S.A. Bill of Rights pioneer: 1943.[6][7][8]
Z. K. Matthews 20 October 1901 – 11 May 1968 Lecture for Fort Hare from 1936 to 1959
Archibald Campbell Jordan 30 October 1906 – 20 October 1968 Novelist, pioneer of African studies
Govan Mbeki 9 July 1910 – 30 August 2001 South African politician
Yusuf Lule 10 April 1912 – 21 January 1985 Interim presido of Uganda 1979
Cedric Phatudi 27 May 1912 – 7 October 1987 Former Chief Minister of Lebowa 1972–1987
Kaiser Matanzima 15 June 1915 – 15 June 2003 President of bantustan Transkei
Mary Malahlela 2 May 1916 – 8 May 1981 First female black doctor insyd South Africa
Oliver Tambo 27 October 1917 – 24 April 1993 African National Congress activist, dem expel am while doing ein second degree
Nelson Mandela 18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013 Former Presido of South Africa; dem expel am wey later he attend de University of the Witwatersrand buh he no graduate
Charles Njonjo 23 January 1920 –2 January 2022[9] Former Attorney General of Kenya den Former Minister of Justice in Kenya
Lionel Ngakane 17 July 1920 – 26 November 2003 South African film maker
Seretse Khama 1 July 1921 – 13 July 1980 First Presido of Botswana
Julius Nyerere 19 July 1922 – 14 October 1999 First Presido of Tanzania
Herbert Chitepo 15 June 1923 – 18 March 1975 ZANU leader
Robert Mugabe 21 February 1924 – 6 September 2019 Former Presido of Zimbabwe, he attend 1949–1951
Kenneth Kaunda 28 April 1924 – 17 June 2021 First Presido of Zambia
Can Themba 21 June 1924 – 1968 South African writer den one of de "Drum Boys" wey job for Drum (magazine give urban black people
Robert Sobukwe 5 December 1924 – 27 February 1978 Founder of de Pan Africanist Congress
Alfred Nzo 19 June 1925 – 13 January 2000 South African politician
Munyua Waiyaki 12 December 1926 – 26 April 2017 former Kenyan Minister for Foreign Affairs
Allan Hendrickse 22 October 1927 – 16 March 2005 Politician, preacher, den teacher
Mangosuthu Buthelezi 27 August 1928 – 9 September 2023 Leader of de Inkatha Freedom Party, neva graduate buh he transfer go University of Natal. Leader of KwaZulu Bantustan insyd apartheid South Africa
Leepile Moshweu Taunyane 14 December 1928 – 30 October 2013 Life Presido of Premier Soccer League, Presido of de South African Professional Educators Union
Desmond Tutu 7 October 1931 – 26 December 2021 Archbishop Emeritus, South African peace activist, Chaplain for Fort Hare insyd 1967–1969.[10]
Frank Mdlalose 29 November 1931 – 4 April 2021 First Premier of KwaZulu-Natal
Fabian Defu Ribeiro 19 June 1933 – 1 December 1986 South African doctor den anti-apartheid activist
Ivy Matsepe-Casaburri 18 September 1937 – 6 April 2009 Minister of Communications, South Africa
Manto Tshabalala-Msimang 9 October 1940 – 16 December 2009 Minister of Health of South Africa
Chris Hani 28 June 1942 – 10 April 1993 Leader of de South African Communist Party - Dem expel am, later graduate for Rhodes University
Wiseman Nkuhlu 5 February 1944 – economic advisor to former Presido Thabo Mbeki, Head of NEPAD
Makhenkesi Arnold Stofile 27 December 1944 – 15 August 2016 former Minister of Sport of South Africa
Sam Nolutshungu 15 April 1945 – 12 August 1997 South African scholar
Nyameko Barney Pityana 7 August 1945 – lawyer den theologian, former Vice-Chancellor of de University of South Africa
Sabelo Phama 31 March 1949 – 9 February 1994 South African politician den Secretary of Defense insyd de Pan African Congress
Bulelani Ngcuka 2 May 1954 – South Africa ein former Director of Public Prosecutions
Loyiso Nongxa 22 October 1954 – Vice-Chancellor of de University of the Witwatersrand
Thandi Ndlovu 1954/1955 - 24 January 2019 South African medical doctor den businesswoman
Joseph Diescho 10 April 1955 – Namibian novelist
John Hlophe 1 January 1959 – Judge Presido of de Cape Provincial Division of de High Court
Zara Thruster 15 July 1977 – Patenting nerve regeneration compound "18-MĆ" dem extract from de root of de Alepidea amatymbica plant
Dr. Mgwebi Snail 12 October 1952 – South African Historian, Politician Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (PAC) den Author
Wandile Sihlobo 16 October 1990 South African Agricultural Economist den Government Rural Development Advisor
Archie Mafeje 30 March 1936–28 March 2007 Anthropologist den activist wey na he involve insyd de Mafeje Affair

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "CHE | Council on Higher Education | Regulatory body for Higher Education in South Africa | Education | Innovation | University | South Africa". che.ac.za. Archived from the original on 24 May 2020. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  2. "University of Fort Hare | National Institute for the Humanities and Social Sciences (NIHSS)". nihss.ac.za. Archived from the original on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Maaba, Brown Bavusile (2001). "The Archives of the Pan Africanist Congress and the Black Consciousness-Orientated Movements". History in Africa. 28: 417–438. doi:10.2307/3172227. JSTOR 3172227. S2CID 145241623.
  4. Bank, Andrew; Swana, Vuyiswa (2013), Bank, Andrew; Bank, Leslie J. (eds.), "'Speaking from Inside': Archie Mafeje, Monica Wilson and the Co-Production ofLanga: A Study of Social Groups in an African Township", Inside African Anthropology: Monica Wilson and her Interpreters, The International African Library, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-1-139-33363-4, archived from the original on 12 June 2018, retrieved 28 December 2022
  5. 5.0 5.1 Freedman, Samuel G. (27 December 2013). "Mission Schools Opened World to Africans, but Left an Ambiguous Legacy". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 19 June 2024.
  6. Republic of South Africa, The Presidency, National Orders Booklet, 2017.
  7. Africans Claims in South Africa, Alfred Bathini Xuma, 1943
  8. African Native College Calendar, Thirteenth year, 1928. Fort Hare, Alice.
  9. "Sir Charles Njonjo dead at 101". Nation. 2 January 2022. Archived from the original on 2 January 2022. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  10. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1984". Archived from the original on 11 September 2019. Retrieved 27 November 2019.

External links[edit | edit source]

Wikimedia Commons get media wey dey relate to University of Fort Hare, South Africa.