Botswana

From Wikipedia
Botswana
sovereign state, landlocked country, country
Part ofSouthern Africa Edit
Inception1966 Edit
Official nameBotswana, République du Botswana, Lefatshe la Botswana, Republic of Botswana, Botswanská republika Edit
Native labelBotswana Edit
Short name🇧🇼 Edit
Participant inKivu conflict Edit
Dem name afterTswana people Edit
Official languageEnglish Edit
AnthemFatshe leno la rona Edit
Cultureculture of Botswana Edit
Motto textRain, Pula, Дъжд, Our pride, your destination Edit
ContinentAfrica Edit
CountryBotswana Edit
CapitalGaborone Edit
Located in time zoneUTC+02:00, Central Africa Time, Africa/Gaborone Edit
Located in/on physical featureSouthern Africa Edit
Coordinate location22°12′0″S 23°42′0″E Edit
Coordinates of easternmost point22°11′44″S 29°22′24″E Edit
Coordinates of northernmost point17°46′48″S 25°10′12″E Edit
Coordinates of southernmost point26°54′22″S 20°41′15″E Edit
Coordinates of westernmost point23°0′0″S 22°0′0″E Edit
Highest pointOtse Hill Edit
Lowest pointLimpopo River Edit
Government ein basic formrepublic Edit
Office held by head of statePresident of Botswana Edit
State ein headMokgweetsi Masisi Edit
Office head of government holdPresident of Botswana Edit
Government ein headMokgweetsi Masisi Edit
Legislative bodyNational Assembly of Botswana Edit
Central bankBank of Botswana Edit
CurrencyBotswana pula Edit
Dey share bother plusNamibia, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe Edit
Driving sideleft Edit
Electrical plug typeAC power plugs and sockets: British and related types, BS 1363, BS 546 Edit
Dey followBechuanaland Protectorate Edit
Dey replaceBechuanaland Protectorate Edit
Official websitehttps://gov.bw/ Edit
HashtagBotswana Edit
Top-level Internet domain.bw Edit
Flagflag of Botswana Edit
Coat of armscoat of arms of Botswana Edit
Geography of topicgeography of Botswana Edit
Get characteristicfree country Edit
History of topichistory of Botswana Edit
Separated fromUnited Kingdom Edit
Economy of topiceconomy of Botswana Edit
Demographics of topicdemographics of Botswana Edit
Mobile country code652 Edit
Country calling code+267 Edit
Emergency phone number911, 997, 998, 999 Edit
Licence plate codeBW Edit
Maritime identification digits611 Edit
Unicode character🇧🇼 Edit
Category for mapsCategory:Maps of Botswana Edit
Map

Botswana (English: Land of the Tswana; /bɒtˈswɑːnə/ (listen), also UK: /bʊt-, bʊˈtʃw-/)[1], officially de Republic of Botswana (Setswana: Lefatshe la Botswana, [lɪˈfatsʰɪ la bʊˈtswana]), be landlocked country for Southern Africa. Botswana be topographically flat, plus approximately 70 percent of ein territory being de Kalahari Desert. Edey border South Africa to de south den southeast, Namibia to de west den north, den Zimbabwe to de northeast. E be connected by de Kazungula Bridge[2] to Zambia, across de world ein shortest border between two countries.

Country of slightly ova 2.3 million people,[3] Botswana be one of de most sparsely populated countries for de world insyd. Ebe essentially de nation state of de Tswana, wey dey make up 79% of de population.[4] About 11.6 per cent of de population dey live for de capital den largest city, Gaborone insyd. Formerly one of de world ein poorest countries—plus GDP per capita of about US$70 per year for de late 1960s insyd— e since transform ein body go upper-middle-income country, plus one of de world ein fastest-growing economies.[5]

Botswana be member of de Southern African Customs Union, de Southern African Development Community, de Commonwealth of Nations, den de United Nations. De country be adversely affected by de HIV/AIDS epidemic. Insyd 2002, Botswana cam turn de first country nake dem offer anti-retroviral drugs (ARVs) help combat de epidemic.[6] Despite de launch of programs make e make treatment available den make e educate de populace about de epidemic,[7] de number of people plus AIDS rise from 290,000 for 2005 insyd to 320,000 for 2013 insyd.[8] As of 2014, Botswana get de third-highest prevalence rate for HIV/AIDS, plus roughly 20% of de population infected.[9] Howeva, for recent years de country make strides make dem dey combat HIV/AIDS, plus efforts dem dey make make dem provide proper treatment den lower de rate of mother-to-child transmission.[10][11]

Etymology[edit | edit source]

De country ein name dey mean "Land of de Tswana", wey dey refer to de dominant ethnic group insyd Botswana.[12] De Constitution of Botswana dey recognize homogeneous Tswana state.[13] Na de term Batswana be originally apply to de Tswana, wey still be de case.[14] Howeva, dem sanso use as generally as demonym give all citizens of Botswana.[15]

Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]

Botswana ein ten districts be:

  • Southern District
  • South-East District
  • Kweneng District
  • Kgatleng District
  • Central District
  • North-East District
  • Ngamiland District
  • Kgalagadi District
  • Chobe District
  • Ghanzi District

Botswana ein councils dem create from urban anaa town councils be:

  • Gaborone City
  • Francistown
  • Lobatse Town
  • Selebi-Phikwe Town
  • Jwaneng Town
  • Orapa Town den
  • Sowa Township.

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Largest cities anaa towns insyd Botswana

Census Botswana 2022[16]

Rank Name District Pop. Rank Name District Pop.
1 Gaborone South-East 246,325 11 Kanye Southern 48,028
2 Francistown North-East 103,417 12 Selibe Phikwe Central 42,488
3 Mogoditshane Kweneng 88,006 13 Letlhakane Central 36,338
4 Maun North-West 84,993 14 Ramotswa South-East 33,271
5 Molepolole Kweneng 74,674 15 Lobatse South-East 29,772
6 Serowe Central 55,676 16 Mmopane Kweneng 25,345
7 Tlokweng South-East 55,508 17 Thamaga Kweneng 25,297
8 Palapye Central 52,636 18 Moshupa Southern 23,858
9 Mochudi Kgatleng 50,317 19 Tonota Central 23,296
10 Mahalapye Central 48,431 20 Bobonong Central 21,216

Languages[edit | edit source]

Languages of Botswana
Languages Per cent
Setswana 77.3%
Sekalanga 7.4%
Shekgalagadi 3.4%
English 2.8%
Sesarwa 1.7%
Sembukushu 1.6%
Ndebele 1.0%
Seherero 1.0%
Afrikaans 0.4%
Sesubiya 0.3%
Seyeyi 0.2%
Oda Asian 0.4%
Oda European 0.4%
Oda African 0.1%
Oda 0.1%

Tourism[edit | edit source]

De Botswana Tourism Organisation[17] be de country ein official tourism group. Primarily, tourists dey visit Gaborone secof de city get chaw activities give visitors. De Lion Park Resort[18] be Botswana ein first permanent amusement park den dey host events lyk birthday parties give families. Oda destinations insyd Botswana dey include de Gaborone Yacht Club den de Kalahari Fishing Club den natural attractions lyk de Gaborone Dam den Mokolodi Nature Reserve. Der be golf courses wey de Botswana Golf Union (BGU) dey maintain am.[19] De Phakalane Golf Estate be multi-million-dollar clubhouse wey dey offer both hotel accommodations den access to golf courses. Museums insyd Botswana dey include:

  • Botswana National Museum insyd Gaborone
  • Kgosi Bathoen II (Segopotso) Museum insyd Kanye
  • Kgosi Sechele I Museum insyd Molepolole
  • Khama III Memorial Museum insyd Serowe
  • Nhabe Museum insyd Maun
  • Phuthadikobo Museum insyd Mochudi
  • Supa Ngwano Museum Centre insyd Francistown

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Botswana". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  2. Darwa, P. Opoku (2011). Kazungula Bridge Project (PDF). African Development Fund. p. Appendix IV. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2012. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
  3. "Population, total - Botswana | Data". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  4. "Botswana", The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, 28 March 2023, retrieved 5 April 2023
  5. Maundeni, Zibani; Mpabanga, Dorothy; Mfundisi, Adam (1 January 2007). "Consolidating Democratic Governance in Southern Africa : Botswana". Africa Portal. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  6. Rollnick, Roman (September 2002). "Botswana's high-stakes assault on AIDS". Africa Renewal. United Nations. 16 (10): 6–9. PMID 12458550. Retrieved 29 March 2023.
  7. Powell, Alvin (16 April 2009). "Mogae shifts stress to HIV prevention". Harvard Gazette. Harvard University. Retrieved 29 March 2023.
  8. "The Gap Report" (PDF). Geneva: UN AIDS. 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 June 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  9. "HIV and Aids in Botswana". Avert International Aids Charity. Archived from the original on 28 February 2009. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  10. "Botswana is first country with severe HIV epidemic to reach key milestone in the elimination of mother-to-child HIV transmission". Brazzaville: UN AIDS. 2021. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  11. "Partnership for Success: CDC and Botswana Lead Progress Toward HIV Epidemic Control". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 30 September 2022. Retrieved 29 March 2023.
  12. "Botswana". The World Factbook (2024 ed.). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 15 May 2007. (Archived 2007 edition)
  13. Monaka, Kemmonye Collete; Chebanne, Anderson Monthusi (2019). "Setswana and the Building of a Nation State". Anthropological Linguistics. 61 (1): 75–93. ISSN 0003-5483. JSTOR 26907070.
  14. Bolaane, Maitseo; Mgadla, Part Themba (1997). Batswana. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 1. ISBN 9780823920082.
  15. "Botswanan or Batswana? It's complicated – Voices of Africa". Voices of Africa. 17 August 2015. Archived from the original on 6 January 2018. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  16. "POPULATION OF CITIES, TOWNS AND VILLAGES" (PDF). POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS 2022. Gaborone: Statistics Botswana. June 2022. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 October 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  17. "Home | Botswana Tourism Organisation". www.botswanatourism.co.bw. Retrieved 24 January 2024.
  18. Lion Park Resort Template:Webarchive. Lionpark.co.bw (7 February 2013). Retrieved on 19 May 2017.
  19. (BGU). Botswana Golf Union. Retrieved on 19 May 2017.