Algeria

From Wikipedia
Algeria
sovereign state, Mediterranean country, people's republic, country
Part ofNorth Africa, Muslim world, Arab world Edit
Inception202 BCE Edit
Nameالجزائر Edit
Official nameاَلْجُمهُورِيَّة اَلْجَزَائِرِيَّة اَلدِّيمُقرَاطِيَّة اَلشَّعبِيَّة Edit
Native labelالجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية Edit
Short name🇩🇿 Edit
Participant inAlgerian War, Sand War Edit
Official languageArabic, Standard Algerian Berber Edit
AnthemKassaman Edit
Cultureculture of Algeria Edit
Mottoمن الشعب و الى الشعب Edit
Motto textبالشّعب وللشّعب Edit
ContinentAfrica Edit
CountryAlgeria Edit
CapitalAlgiers Edit
Located in time zoneUTC+01:00 Edit
Located in or next to body of waterMediterranean Sea Edit
Coordinate location28°0′0″N 1°0′0″E Edit
Coordinates of easternmost point23°30′0″N 12°0′0″E Edit
Coordinates of northernmost point37°5′40″N 7°12′14″E Edit
Coordinates of southernmost point18°58′6″N 3°21′28″E Edit
Coordinates of westernmost point27°18′55″N 8°40′1″W Edit
Highest pointMount Tahat Edit
Lowest pointChott Melrhir Edit
Government ein basic formsemi-presidential system Edit
Office held by head of statePresident of Algeria Edit
State ein headAbdelmadjid Tebboune Edit
Office head of government holdPrime Minister of Algeria Edit
Government ein headAymen Benabderrahmane Edit
Executive bodyGovernment of Algeria Edit
Legislative bodyParliament of Algeria Edit
Highest judicial authoritySupreme Court of Algeria Edit
Central bankBank of Algeria Edit
CurrencyAlgerian dinar Edit
Owner ofEl Mouradia Palace Edit
Driving sideright Edit
Electrical plug typeType E, Schuko, Europlug Edit
Significant eventAlgerian War, Sand War, Algerian Civil War, Evian Accords Edit
Studied inAlgerian studies Edit
Official websitehttps://www.el-mouradia.dz/ar/home Edit
HashtagAlgeria Edit
Top-level Internet domain.dz Edit
Main regulatory textConstitution of Algeria Edit
FlagFlag of Algeria Edit
Coat of armsEmblem of Algeria Edit
Geography of topicgeography of Algeria Edit
Get characteristicnot-free country Edit
History of topichistory of Algeria Edit
Official religionIslam Edit
Railway traffic sideleft Edit
Economy of topiceconomy of Algeria Edit
Demographics of topicdemographics of Algeria Edit
MadhhabMalikism Edit
Mobile country code603 Edit
Country calling code+213 Edit
Emergency phone number14, 17, 112, 1548, 1055 Edit
GS1 country code613 Edit
Licence plate codeDZ Edit
Maritime identification digits605 Edit
Stack Exchange taghttps://travel.stackexchange.com/tags/algeria Edit
Unicode character🇩🇿 Edit
Category for mapsCategory:Maps of Algeria Edit
Map

Algeria alias People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, be sam country for North Africa. Tunisia border Algeria go de northeast; Libya go de east; Niger go de southeast; Mali go de southwest, Mauritania, den Western Sahara; Morocco go de West; den de Mediterranean Sea go de north. Dem dey consider am part of de Maghreb region for North Africa. E get semi-arid geography, plus most of de population dey live for de fertile north den de Sahara dey dominate de geography for de south. Algeria dey cover area of 2,381,741 square kilometres (919,595 sq mi), dey make am de worls ein tenth largest nation by area, den de largest nation for Africa insyd, more dan 200 tyms as large as de continent ein smallest country, The Gambia.[1] Plus population of 44 million, Algeria be de tenth-most populous country for Africa insyd, den de 32nd-most populous country for de world insyd. De capital den largest city be Algiers, dey locate for de far north for de Mediterranean coast insyd.

Algeria produce wey dem link am for chaw civilizations, empires den dynasties, wey dey include Numidians, Mauretanians, Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, Mauro-Romans, Byzantines, Umayyads, Ifranids, Abbasids, Rustamids, Idrisids, Sulaymanids, Aghlabids, Fatimids, Zirids, Hammadids, Almoravids, Almohads, Marinids, Hafsids den de Zayyanids.

De official languages of Algeria be Arabic den Berber. De majority of Algeria ein population be Arab, wey dey practice Islam.[2] De native Algerian Arabic be de main spoken language. French sanso det serve as administrative den educational language for sam contexts insyd, buh e no get official status.

Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]

Dem divide Algeria go 58 provinces (wilayas), 553 districts (daïras)[3] den 1,541 municipalities (baladiyahs). Dem name each province, district, den municipality after ein seat, wey usually ebe de largest city.

Dem change de administrative divisions chaw tyms since independence. Wen dem dey introduce fresh provinces, dem dey keep de numbers of old provinces, hence de non-alphabetical order. Plus dema official numbers, currently (since 1983) dem be:[2]

# Wilaya Area (km2) Population map # Wilaya Area (km2) Population
1 Adrar 402,197 439,700 30 Ouargla 211,980 552,539
2 Chlef 4,975 1,013,718 31 Oran 2,114 1,584,607
3 Laghouat 25,057 477,328 32 El Bayadh 78,870 262,187
4 Oum El Bouaghi 6,768 644,364 33 Illizi 285,000 54,490
5 Batna 12,192 1,128,030 34 Bordj Bou Arréridj 4,115 634,396
6 Béjaïa 3,268 915,835 35 Boumerdes 1,591 795,019
7 Biskra 20,986 730,262 36 El Taref 3,339 411,783
8 Béchar 161,400 274,866 37 Tindouf 58,193 159,000
9 Blida 1,696 1,009,892 38 Tissemsilt 3,152 296,366
10 Bouïra 4,439 694,750 39 El Oued 54,573 673,934
11 Tamanrasset 556,200 198,691 40 Khenchela 9,811 384,268
12 Tébessa 14,227 657,227 41 Souk Ahras 4,541 440,299
13 Tlemcen 9,061 945,525 42 Tipaza 2,166 617,661
14 Tiaret 20,673 842,060 43 Mila 9,375 768,419
15 Tizi Ouzou 3,568 1,119,646 44 Ain Defla 4,897 771,890
16 Algiers 273 2,947,461 45 Naâma 29,950 209,470
17 Djelfa 66,415 1,223,223 46 Ain Timouchent 2,376 384,565
18 Jijel 2,577 634,412 47 Ghardaia 86,105 375,988
19 Sétif 6,504 1,496,150 48 Relizane 4,870 733,060
20 Saïda 6,764 328,685 49 El M'Ghair 8,835 162,267
21 Skikda 4,026 904,195 50 El Menia 62,215 57,276
22 Sidi Bel Abbès 9,150 603,369 51 Ouled Djellal 11,410 174,219
23 Annaba 1,439 640,050 52 Bordj Baji Mokhtar 120,026 16,437
24 Guelma 4,101 482,261 53 Béni Abbès 101,350 50,163
25 Constantine 2,187 943,112 54 Timimoun 65,203 122,019
26 Médéa 8,866 830,943 55 Touggourt 17,428 247,221
27 Mostaganem 2,269 746,947 56 Djanet 86,185 17,618
28 M'Sila 18,718 991,846 57 In Salah 131,220 50,392
29 Mascara 5,941 780,959 58 In Guezzam 88,126 11,202

Largest cities[edit | edit source]


Largest cities anaa towns insyd Algeria

According to de 2008 Census[4]

Rank Name Province Pop. Rank Name Province Pop.
Algiers

Oran

1 Algiers Algiers Province 2,364,230 11 Tébessa Tébessa Province 194,461 Constantine

Annaba

2 Oran Oran Province 803,329 12 El Oued El Oued Province 186,525
3 Constantine Constantine Province 448,028 13 Skikda Skikda Province 182,903
4 Annaba Annaba Province 342,703 14 Tiaret Tiaret Province 178,915
5 Blida Blida Province 331,779 15 Béjaïa Béjaïa Province 176,139
6 Batna Batna Province 289,504 16 Tlemcen Tlemcen Province 173,531
7 Djelfa Djelfa Province 265,833 17 Ouargla Ouargla Province 169,928
8 Sétif Sétif Province 252,127 18 Béchar Béchar Province 165,241
9 Sidi Bel Abbès Sidi Bel Abbès Province 210,146 19 Mostaganem Mostaganem Province 162,885
10 Biskra Biskra Province 204,661 20 Bordj Bou Arréridj Bordj Bou Arréridj Province 158,812

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Africa: largest countries by area 2020". Statista. Retrieved 9 February 2022.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Algeria". The World Factbook. (2023 ed.). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved March 2021. (Archived 2021 edition)
  3. "Wildfire Management Policies in Algeria: Present and Future Needs1,2" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 May 2017.
  4. "Algeria: Provinces & Major Cities - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de.

General bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Ageron, Charles-Robert (1991). Modern Algeria – A History from 1830 to the Present. Translated from French and edited by Michael Brett. London: Hurst. ISBN 978-0-86543-266-6.
  • Aghrout, Ahmed; Bougherira, Redha M. (2004). Algeria in Transition – Reforms and Development Prospects. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-34848-5.
  • Bennoune, Mahfoud (1988). The Making of Contemporary Algeria – Colonial Upheavals and Post-Independence Development, 1830–1987. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-30150-3.
  • Fanon, Frantz (1966; 2005 paperback). The Wretched of the Earth. Grove Press. ASIN B0007FW4AW, ISBN 978-0-8021-4132-3.
  • Gibson, Walcot; Cana, Frank Richardson; Girault, Arthur (1911). "Algeria" . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 642–653
  • Horne, Alistair (1977). A Savage War of Peace: Algeria 1954–1962. Viking Adult. ISBN 978-0-670-61964-1, ISBN 978-1-59017-218-6 (2006 reprint)
  • Laouisset, Djamel (2009). A Retrospective Study of the Algerian Iron and Steel Industry. New York City: Nova Publishers. ISBN 978-1-61761-190-2.
  • Roberts, Hugh (2003). The Battlefield – Algeria, 1988–2002. Studies in a Broken Polity. London: Verso Books. ISBN 978-1-85984-684-1.
  • Ruedy, John (1992). Modern Algeria – The Origins and Development of a Nation. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-253-34998-9.
  • Stora, Benjamin (2001). Algeria, 1830–2000 – A Short History. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-3715-1.
  • Sidaoui, Riadh (2009). "Islamic Politics and the Military – Algeria 1962–2008". Religion and Politics – Islam and Muslim Civilisation. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 0-7546-7418-5.

External links[edit | edit source]