Angola

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Angola
sovereign state, country
Part ofMiddle Africa Edit
Inception25 August 1992 Edit
Native labelRepública de Angola, Angola Edit
Short name🇦🇴 Edit
Ethnic groupOvimbundu people, Mbundu people, Kongo people, Mestiço, European people Edit
Participant inKivu conflict Edit
Official languagePortuguese Edit
AnthemAngola Avante Edit
Cultureculture of Angola Edit
MottoQ102185417 Edit
Motto textVirtus Unita Fortior Edit
ContinentAfrica Edit
CountryAngola Edit
CapitalLuanda Edit
Located in time zoneUTC+01:00, Africa/Luanda Edit
Located in or next to body of waterAtlantic Ocean Edit
Coordinate location12°21′0″S 17°21′0″E Edit
Coordinates of easternmost point13°0′3″S 24°3′29″E Edit
Coordinates of northernmost point4°22′12″S 12°45′0″E Edit
Coordinates of southernmost point18°2′19″S 20°49′32″E Edit
Coordinates of westernmost point16°35′0″S 11°42′0″E Edit
Highest pointMount Moco Edit
Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean Edit
Government hin basic formrepublic, presidential system Edit
Office held by head of statePresident of Angola Edit
State ein headJoão Lourenço Edit
Office head of government holdPresident of Angola Edit
Government ein headJoão Lourenço Edit
Legislative bodyNational Assembly Edit
Central bankNational Bank of Angola Edit
Currencykwanza Edit
Dey share bother plusNamibia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia, Republic of the Congo, Gabon Edit
Studied inAngolan studies Edit
Driving sideright Edit
Electrical plug typeEuroplug Edit
Dey replacePeople's Republic of Angola Edit
Flagflag of Angola Edit
Coat of armsEmblem of Angola Edit
HashtagAngola Edit
Top-level Internet domain.ao Edit
Get characteristicnot-free country Edit
Geography of topicgeography of Angola Edit
History of topichistory of Angola Edit
Economy of topiceconomy of Angola Edit
Demographics of topicdemographics of Angola Edit
Official website URLhttps://www.governo.gov.ao/ Edit
Category for mapsCategory:Maps of Angola Edit
Mobile country code631 Edit
Country calling code+244 Edit
Trunk prefixno value Edit
Emergency phone number113, 115, 116 Edit
Maritime identification digits603 Edit
Unicode character🇦🇴 Edit
Map

Angola (/ænˈɡoʊlə/ (listen); Portuguese: [ɐ̃ˈɡɔlɐ]; Kongo: Ngola, dem dey pronounce am [ŋɔla]), alias Republic of Angola (Portuguese: República de Angola), be sam country wey dey de west-central coast of Southern Africa. Ebe de second-largest Lusophone (Portuguese-speaking) country for both total area den population (edey behind Brazil for both cases), den ebe de seventh-largest country insyd Africa. Edey share border plus Namibia to ein south, de Democratic Republic of the Congo to ein north, Zambia to ein east, den de Atlantic Ocean to ein west. Angola get exclave province, de province of Cabinda, wey dey share border plus Republic of the Congo den de Democratic Republic of the Congo. Dema capital den most populous city be Luanda.

Dem inhabit Angola since de Paleolithic Age. Ein formation as nation-state dey originate from Portuguese colonisation, wey initially begin plus coastal settlements den trading posts dem found for de 16th century insyd. For de 19th century insyd, European settlers gradually begin establish dema body for de interior insyd. Na de Portuguese colony wey cam turn Angola no get ein present borders til de early 20th century, dey owe go resistance by native groups such as de Cuamato, de Kwanyama den de Mbunda.

Angola get vast mineral den petroleum reserves, wey ein economy be among de fastest-growing for de world insyd, especially since de end of de civil war; howeva, economic growth be highly uneven, plus chaw of de nation ein wealth concentrate insyd disproportionately small part of de population; de largest investment den trade partners be China den de United States.[1] De standard of living remain low give chaw Angolans; life expectancy be among de lowest for de world insyd, while infant mortality be among de highest.[2] Since 2017, de government of João Lourenço make corruption fight ein flagship, so much so dat dem either jail anaa chaw individuals of de previous government dey wedge trial. Whilst foreign diplomats dey recognise dis efforts say ebe legitimate,[3] sam skeptics dey see de actions as ebe politically motivated.[4]

Angola be member of de United Nations, OPEC, African Union, de Community of Portuguese Language Countries, den de Southern African Development Community. As of 2021, dem estimate de Angolan population for 32.87 million. Angola be multicultural den multiethnic. Angolan culture dey reflect centuries of Portuguese influence, namely de predominance of de Portuguese language den of de Catholic Church, intermingle plus variety of indigenous customs den traditions.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

De name Angola dey komot from de Portuguese colonial name Reino de Angola ('Kingdom of Angola'), wey appear as early as Paulo Dias de Novais's 1571 charter.[5] De Portuguese derive de toponym from de ngola de kings of Ndongo den Matamba zuk. Ndongo for de highlands insyd, between de Kwanza den Lucala Rivers, na ebe nominally possession of de Kingdom of Kongo, buh na e dey seek greater independence for de 16th century insyd.[6]

Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]

As of March 2016, dem divide Angola go eighteen provinces (províncias) den 162 municipalities. Dem further divide de municipalities go 559 communes (townships).[7] De provinces be:

Number Province Capital Area (km2)[8] Population

(2014 Census)[9]

1 Bengo Caxito 31,371 356,641
2 Benguela Benguela 39,826 2,231,385
3 Bié Cuíto 70,314 1,455,255
4 Cabinda Cabinda 7,270 716,076
5 Cuando Cubango Menongue 199,049 534,002
6 Cuanza Norte N'dalatando 24,110 443,386
7 Cuanza Sul Sumbe 55,600 1,881,873
8 Cunene Ondjiva 87,342 990,087
9 Huambo Huambo 34,270 2,019,555
10 Huíla Lubango 79,023 2,497,422
11 Luanda Luanda 2,417 6,945,386
12 Lunda Norte Dundo 103,760 862,566
13 Lunda Sul Saurimo 77,637 537,587
14 Malanje Malanje 97,602 986,363
15 Moxico Luena 223,023 758,568
16 Namibe Moçâmedes 57,091 495,326
17 Uíge Uíge 58,698 1,483,118
18 Zaire M'banza-Kongo 40,130 594,428

Urbanization[edit | edit source]


Largest cities anaa towns insyd Angola

According to de 2014 Census[10]

Rank Name Province Pop.
Luanda

Lubango

1 Luanda Luanda 6,759,313 Huambo

Benguela

2 Lubango Huíla 600,751
3 Huambo Huambo 595,304
4 Benguela Benguela 555,124
5 Cabinda Cabinda 550,000
6 Malanje Malanje 455,000
7 Saurimo Lunda Sul 393,000
8 Lobito Benguela 357,950
9 Cuíto Bié 355,423
10 Uíge Uíge 322,531

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Transparency and Accountability in Angola". Human Rights Watch. 13 April 2010. Archived from the original on 6 October 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
  2. "Life expectancy at birth". World Fact Book. United States Central Intelligence Agency. 2014. Archived from the original on 20 January 2016. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
  3. "Diplomat recognizes government's effort in fight against corruption". Agéncia Angola Press. 30 June 2021. Archived from the original on 6 October 2021. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
  4. "Is Angola's Anti-Corruption Drive Real or Cosmetic?". VOA News. 10 January 2020. Archived from the original on 28 June 2021. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  5. Heywood, Linda M.; Thornton, John K. (2007). Central Africans, Atlantic Creoles, and the Foundation of the Americas, 1585-1660. Cambridge University Press. p. 82. ISBN 978-0521770651. Archived from the original on 20 March 2015.
  6. Leander (18 May 2016). "Kingdom of Kongo 1390–1914". South African History Online. Archived from the original on 23 February 2019. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  7. Resultados Definitivos do Recenseamento Geral da População e da Habitação de Angola 2014 [Final Results of the General Census of Population and Housing of Angola 2014] (PDF) (in Portuguese), Instituto Nacional de Estatística, March 2016, p. 27, archived from the original (PDF) on 6 May 2016
  8. "Angola General Information". geohive.com. Archived from the original on 30 September 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  9. "Resultados Definitivos Recenseamento Geral da População e Habitação - 2014" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estatística, República de Angola. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 December 2019. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  10. "Angola: Provinces, Major Cities, Urban Localities & Urban Agglomerations - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information". Archived from the original on 22 August 2021. Retrieved 7 December 2021.