Gabon

From Wikipedia
Gabon
country, sovereign state
Part ofCentral Africa Edit
Inception1960 Edit
Official nameRepubblica Gabonese, Gabon, la République gabonaise Edit
Native labelRépublique gabonaise Edit
Short name🇬🇦 Edit
Dem name afterpea coat Edit
Official languageFrench Edit
AnthemLa Concorde Edit
Cultureculture of Gabon Edit
Motto textUnion, Travail, Justice, Union, Work, Justice, Единство, труд и справедливост, Undeb, Gwaith, Cyfiawnder, Enotnost, delo, pravica Edit
ContinentAfrica Edit
CountryGabon Edit
CapitalLibreville Edit
Located in time zoneUTC+01:00, West Africa Time, Africa/Libreville Edit
Located in or next to body of waterAtlantic Ocean Edit
Located in/on physical featureCentral Africa Edit
Coordinate location0°41′0″S 11°30′0″E Edit
Coordinates of easternmost point0°37′3″S 14°31′36″E Edit
Coordinates of northernmost point2°19′12″N 11°42′0″E Edit
Coordinates of southernmost point3°57′36″S 11°9′12″E Edit
Coordinates of westernmost point0°37′28″S 8°42′29″E Edit
Highest pointMont Bengoué Edit
Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean Edit
Government ein basic formrepublic Edit
Office held by head of statePresident of Gabon Edit
State ein headAli Bongo Ondimba Edit
Office head of government holdPrime Minister of Gabon Edit
Government ein headRaymond Ndong Sima Edit
Legislative bodyParliament of Gabon Edit
Central bankBank of Central African States Edit
CurrencyCentral African CFA franc Edit
Twinned administrative bodyAisai Edit
Dey share bother plusCameroon, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, São Tomé and Príncipe, Angola Edit
Foundational textConstitution of Gabon Edit
Driving sideright Edit
Electrical plug typeEuroplug Edit
Dey replaceMiddle Congo Edit
Official websitehttps://gouvernement.ga Edit
HashtagGabon Edit
Top-level Internet domain.ga Edit
Flagflag of Gabon Edit
Coat of armscoat of arms of Gabon Edit
Geography of topicgeography of Gabon Edit
Get characteristicnot-free country Edit
History of topichistory of Gabon Edit
Economy of topiceconomy of Gabon Edit
Demographics of topicdemographics of Gabon Edit
Mobile country code628 Edit
Country calling code+241 Edit
Trunk prefix0 Edit
Emergency phone number1300, 1722, 18 Edit
Licence plate codeG Edit
Maritime identification digits626 Edit
Unicode character🇬🇦 Edit
Category for mapsCategory:Maps of Gabon Edit
Map

Gabon officially be Gabonese Republic be country wey dey west coast of Central Africa.[1] E dey locate for de equator top, Equatorial Guinea dey border am for de northwest, Cameroon for de north, de Republic of de Congo for de east den south, wey de Gulf of Guinea for de west. E get area of nearly 270,000 square kilometres (100,000 sq mi) wey dem estimate ein population for 2.3 million people. Der be coastal plains, mountains (de Cristal Mountains den de Chaillu Massif for de centre insyd), den savanna for de east.

Since ein independence from France for 1960 insyd, de sovereign state of Gabon get three presidos. For de 1990s insyd, dem introduce multi-party system den democratic constitution wey dem aim for more transparent electoral process wey dem reform sam governmental institutions. Despite dis, de Gabonese Democratic Party (PDG) remain de dominant party. Plus petroleum den foreign private investment, e get de fourth highest HDI[2] for de region insyd (after Mauritius, Seychelles den South Africa) den de fifth highest GDP per capita (PPP) for all of Africa insyd (after Seychelles, Mauritius, Equatorial Guinea den Botswana). Ein GDP grow by more than 6% per year from 2010 come 2012.

De official language be French. Bantu ethnic groups dey constitute around 95% for de country ein population, wey Christianity be de religion dem practice most, about 75% of de population dey practice am.

Politics[edit | edit source]

Foreign relations[edit | edit source]

Military[edit | edit source]

E get professional military of about 5,000 personnel, dem divide go army, navy, air force, gendarmerie, den police force. 1,800-member guard dey provide security give de president.

Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]

Dem divide am go 9 provinces wey be subdivided go 50 departments. De presido dey appoint de provincial governors, de prefects, den de subprefects. De provinces be (capitals for parentheses insyd):

  1. Estuaire (Libreville)
  2. Haut-Ogooué (Franceville)
  3. Moyen-Ogooué (Lambaréné)
  4. Ngounié (Mouila)
  5. Nyanga (Tchibanga)
  6. Ogooué-Ivindo (Makokou)
  7. Ogooué-Lolo (Koulamoutou)
  8. Ogooué-Maritime (Port-Gentil)
  9. Woleu-Ntem (Oyem)

Geography[edit | edit source]

Economy[edit | edit source]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Population for Gabon insyd[3][4]
Year Million
1950 0.5
2000 1.2
2021 2.3

E get population of approximately 2.3 million.[3][4] Historical den environmental factors cause ein population make e decline between 1900 den 1940.[5] E get one of de lowest population densities for any country for Africa insyd,[6] den de fourth highest Human Development Index for Sub-Saharan Africa insyd.[2]

Ethnic groups[edit | edit source]

Gabon get at least 40 ethnic groups,[6] wey dey include Fang, Myènè, Punu-Échira, Nzebi-Adouma, Teke-Mbete, Mèmbè, Kota, Akélé.[7] Dem get indigenous Pygmy peoples: de Bongo, den Baka.[6] De latter dey speak de non-Bantu language per for Gabon insyd. More dan 10,000 native French dey live for Gabon insyd, wey dey include 2,000 dual nationals dem estimate.[6]

Dem spread sam ethnicities thru out Gabon, wey dey lead make dem contact, interact among de groups, den intermarriage.

Population centres[edit | edit source]

Cities for Gabon
Rank City Population Province
2003 census[8] 2013 census[8]
1. Libreville 538,195 703,940 Estuaire
2. Port-Gentil 105,712 136,462 Ogooué-Maritime
3. Franceville 103,840 110,568 Haut-Ogooué
4. Owendo 51,661 79,300 Estuaire
5. Oyem 35,241 60,685 Woleu-Ntem
6. Moanda 42,703 59,154 Haut-Ogooué
7. Ntoum 12,711 51,954 Estuaire
8. Lambaréné 24,883 38,775 Moyen-Ogooué
9. Mouila 21,074 36,061 Ngounié
10. Akanda - 34,548 Akanda

Languages[edit | edit source]

French be de sole official language. Dem estimate say 80% of de population fi speak French, wey 30% of Libreville residents be native speakers of de language.

Nationally, chaw of de Gabonese people dey speak indigenous languages, according to dema ethnic group, while dis proportion be lower dan for most of oda Sub-Saharan African countries insyd. De 2013 census find say 63.7% of Gabon ein population fi speak Gabonese language, dem break am down by 86.3% for rural areas insyd den 60.5% for urban areas insyd dey speak at least one national language.[9]

Religion[edit | edit source]

Religions dem practise for Gabon insyd dey include Christianity (Roman Catholicism den Protestantism), Islam, den traditional indigenous religious beliefs.[10] Sam people dey practice elements of both Christianity den indigenous religious beliefs.[10] Approximately 79% of de population (53% Catholic) dey practice one of de denominations of Christianity; 10% dey practice Islam (mainly Sunni); de remainder dey practice oda religions.

Health[edit | edit source]

Education[edit | edit source]

Culture[edit | edit source]

Country plus primarily oral tradition til de spread of literacy for de 21st century insyd, e get folklore den mythology. "Raconteurs" dey job make dem keep traditions alive lyk de mvett among de Fangs den de ingwala among de Nzebis.

E dey feature masks dem internationally celebrate lyk de n'goltang (Fang) den de reliquary figures of de Kota. Every group get ein own set of masks dem use. Dem dey use am for ceremonies lyk marriage, birth den funerals insyd. Traditionalists dey job plus "rare local woods den oda precious materials".

Music[edit | edit source]

E get array of folk styles. rock den hip hop dem import from de US den UK dey Gabon insyd, rumba, makossa den soukous. Sam folk instruments dey include de obala, de ngombi, de balafon den drums.

Media[edit | edit source]

Cuisine[edit | edit source]

French cuisine dey influence Gabonese cuisine, wey staple foods be available.[11]

Sports[edit | edit source]

De Gabon national football team represent de nation since 1962.[12] De Under-23 football team chop de 2011 CAF U-23 Championship wey dem qualify for de 2012 London Olympics. Na Gabon be joint hosts, along plus Equatorial Guinea, for de 2012 Africa Cup of Nations,[13] den de sole hosts for de competition ein 2017 tournament.[14]

De Gabon national basketball team, dem nickname as Les Panthères,[15] finish 8th for de AfroBasket 2015.

Gabon compete for most Summer Olympics since 1972. Ein Olympic medallist Anthony Obame chop silver medal insyd taekwondo for de 2012 Olympics dem hold for London insyd.[16]

Gabon get recreational fishing wey dem consider am de "best place for de world insyd" make dem catch Atlantic tarpon.[17]

Wildlife of Gabon[edit | edit source]

Gabon get chaw number of animal den plant species dem protect. De country ein biodiversity be one of de most varied for de planet top.[18]

Fauna of Gabon[edit | edit source]

Gabon be home give 604 species of birds, 98 species of amphibians, between 95 den 160 species of reptiles wey different species of mammals.[19] For Gabon insyd der be rare species, lyk de Gabon pangolin den de grey-necked rockfowl, anaa endemics, lyk de Gabon guenon.

De country be one of de most varied den important fauna reserves for Africa insyd: ebe important refuge give chimpanzees (na dem estimate dema number, for 2003 insyd, between 27,000 den 64,000) den gorillas (dem record 35,000 for 1983 insyd). Dem dedicate de "Gorilla den Chimpanzee Study Station" wey dey de Lopé National Park insyd for dema study.

E san so be home give more dan half de population of African forest elephants, mostly for Minkébé National Park insyd. Gabon ein national animal be de black panther.

Flora of Gabon[edit | edit source]

More dan 10,000 species of plants, den 400 species of trees dey form de flora of Gabon. Dem consider Gabon ein rainforest de densest den most virgin for Africa insyd. Howeva, de country ein enormous population growth dey cause heavy deforestation wey dey threaten dis valuable ecosystem. Likewise, poaching dey endanger wildlife. Gabon ein national flower be Delonix Regia.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Gabon country profile - BBC News
  2. 2.0 2.1 https://hdr.undp.org/system/files/documents/global-report-document/hdr2021-22pdf_1.pdf
  3. 3.0 3.1 https://population.un.org/wpp/Download/Files/1_Indicators%20(Standard)/EXCEL_FILES/1_General/WPP2022_GEN_F01_DEMOGRAPHIC_INDICATORS_COMPACT_REV1.xlsx
  4. 4.0 4.1 https://population.un.org/wpp/
  5. https://web.archive.org/web/20210224204514/https://2009-2017.state.gov/outofdate/bgn/gabon/40492.htm
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 https://2009-2017.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2826.htm
  7. https://web.archive.org/web/20210318205257/https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/equatorial-guinea
  8. 8.0 8.1 https://web.archive.org/web/20180724005941/http://citypopulation.de/Gabon-Cities.html
  9. https://web.archive.org/web/20200913223158/http://www.dgstat.ga/images/DSD/RESULTATS-GLOBAUX-RGPL2013-OK_DECEMBRE-2015.pdf
  10. 10.0 10.1 https://2001-2009.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2007/90098.htm
  11. https://web.archive.org/web/20160611032634/https://books.google.com/books?id=ObyrcJ-Ksv8C&pg=PA177#v=onepage&q&f=false
  12. https://www.fifa.com/about-fifa/associations
  13. https://web.archive.org/web/20220214044217/http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/africa/8488241.stm
  14. https://web.archive.org/web/20170209065745/http://www.cafonline.com/en-US/NewsCenter/News/NewsDetails?id=5EBYaO1Q3VpcNMG04lbrDA%3D%3D
  15. https://web.archive.org/web/20160618125121/http://gabonreview.com/blog/afrobasket-2015-les-pantheres-en-mise-au-vert-en-serbie/
  16. https://www.yahoo.com/?err=404&err_url=https%3a%2f%2fsports.yahoo.com%2fnews%2fhistory-making-obame-rues-inexperience-233356551--oly.html
  17. https://web.archive.org/web/20190621011305/https://www.sportfishingmag.com/tarpon-fishing-best-locations/
  18. https://books.google.fr/books?id=OH1-F-ebDioC&pg=PA16&hl=fr#v=onepage&q&f=false
  19. https://web.archive.org/web/20160403154427/http://www.gabon-international.com/decouvrir-le-gabon/connaitre/le-gabon-berceau-de-la-biodiversite