From Wikipedia
sovereign state, country
Part ofWest Africa Edit
Inception2 December 1990 Edit
Official nameBénin, République du Bénin, Republic of Benin, Beninská republika Edit
Short name🇧🇯 Edit
IPA transcriptionbɛ'nɪn Edit
Dem name afterBight of Benin Edit
Official languageFrench Edit
AnthemL'Aube Nouvelle Edit
Cultureculture of Benin Edit
Motto textFraternité, Justice, Travail, Fraternity, Justice, Labour, Братство, справедливост, труд, Bratstvo, pravica, delo Edit
ContinentAfrica Edit
CountryBenin Edit
CapitalPorto-Novo Edit
Located in time zoneUTC+01:00, Africa/Porto-Novo Edit
Located in or next to body of waterAtlantic Ocean Edit
Located in/on physical featureWest Africa Edit
Coordinate location8°50′0″N 2°11′0″E Edit
Coordinates of easternmost point10°35′33″N 3°50′36″E Edit
Coordinates of northernmost point12°25′12″N 2°48′0″E Edit
Coordinates of southernmost point6°14′3″N 1°37′45″E Edit
Coordinates of westernmost point10°22′40″N 0°46′40″E Edit
Highest pointMont Sokbaro Edit
Lowest pointBight of Benin Edit
Government ein basic formrepresentative democracy Edit
Office held by head of statePresident of the Republic of Benin Edit
State ein headPatrice Talon Edit
Office head of government holdPresident of the Republic of Benin Edit
Government ein headPatrice Talon Edit
Executive bodyGovernment of Benin Edit
Legislative bodyNational Assembly Edit
Central bankCentral Bank of West African States Edit
CurrencyWest African CFA franc Edit
Dey share bother plusBurkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Togo Edit
Driving sideright Edit
Electrical plug typeEuroplug, Type E Edit
Dey replaceFrench West Africa Edit
Official website Edit
HashtagBenin Edit
Top-level Internet Edit
Flagflag of Benin Edit
Coat of armscoat of arms of Benin Edit
Geography of topicgeography of Benin Edit
Get characteristicfree country Edit
History of topichistory of Benin Edit
Economy of topiceconomy of Benin Edit
Demographics of topicdemographics of Benin Edit
Mobile country code616 Edit
Country calling code+229 Edit
Emergency phone number112, 117, 118 Edit
Licence plate codeDY Edit
Maritime identification digits610 Edit
Unicode character🇧🇯 Edit
Category for mapsCategory:Maps of Benin Edit

Benin (/bɛˈniːn/ (listen) ben-EEN, /bɪˈniːn/ bin-EEN;[1] French: Bénin [benɛ̃], Fon: Benɛ, Fula: Benen), Alias de Republic of Benin (French: République du Bénin), den formerly Dahomey,[2] be sam country for West Africa. edey share border plus Togo go de west, Nigeria go de east, Burkina Faso go de north-west, den Niger go de north-east. De majority plus ein population live for the southern coastline for Benin, part of de Gulf of Guinea for de northernmost tropical portion of the Atlantic Ocean.[3] De capital be Porto-Novo, den de seat of government dey Cotonou, de most populous city den economic capital. Benin dey cover sam area of 114,763 square kilometres (44,310 sq mi)[4] wey ein population for 2021 be estimated for approximately 13 million.[5][6] Ebe sam small, tropical country. Ebe one of de least developed, plus sam economy significantly dependent on agriculture, wey ebe exporter of palm oil den cotton. Sam employment den income arise from subsistence farming.[7]

From de 17th go de 19th century, political entities insyd de area include de Kingdom of Dahomey, de city-state of Porto-Novo, den oda states go de north. Na dem refer dis region to as de Slave Coast from de early 17th century secof de high number of people wey na dem sold den traffick during de Atlantic slave trade go de New World. France take ova de territory insyd 1894, wey dem incorporate am go French West Africa as French Dahomey. Insyd 1960, Dahomey gain full independence from France. As sovereign state, Benin get democratic governments, military coups, den military governments. Self-described Marxist–Leninist state call de People's Republic of Benin exist between 1975 den 1990. Insyd 1991, na dem replace am by de multi-party Republic of Benin.[8]

De official language of Benin be French, plus indigenous languages dem sanso dey speak lyk Fon, Bariba, Yoruba den Dendi. De largest religious group for Benin insyd be Christianity (52.2%), Islam dey follow (24.6%) den traditional faiths (17.9%).[9] Benin be member of de United Nations, de African Union, de Economic Community of West African States, de Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, de South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone, Francophonie, de Community of Sahel–Saharan States, de African Petroleum Producers Association den de Niger Basin Authority.

Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]

Departments of Benin.

Dem divide Benin go twelve departments (French: départements) wey dem subdivide go 77 communes. For 1999 insyd, na dem each split de previous six departments go 2 halves, wey dey form de later twelve.[10]

Map key Department Capital[11][12] Population (2013) Area (km2)[13] Population density

(per km2 in 2013)



Region Sub-Region
2 Alibori Kandi 868,046 26,242 33.1 Borgou North North East
1 Atakora Natitingou 769,337 20,499 37.5 Atakora North North West
10 Atlantique Allada 1,396,548 3,233 432 Atlantique South South Centre
4 Borgou Parakou 1,202,095 25,856 46.5 Borgou North North East
5 Collines Dassa-Zoumé 716,558 13,931 51.4 Zou South South Centre
6 Kouffo Aplahoué 741,895 2,404 308.6 Mono South South West
3 Donga Djougou 542,605 11,126 48.8 Atakora North North West
11 Littoral Cotonou 678,874 79 8,593.3 Atlantique South South Centre
9 Mono Lokossa 495,307 1,605 308.6 Mono South South West
12 Ouémé Porto-Novo 1,096,850 1,281 856.2 Ouémé South South East
8 Plateau Pobè 624,146 3,264 191.2 Ouémé South South East
7 Zou Abomey 851,623 5,243 162.4 Zou South South Centre

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Largest cities anaa towns insyd Benin

According to de 2013 Census[14]

Rank Name Department Pop.


1 Cotonou Littoral 679,012
2 Porto-Novo Ouémé 264,320
3 Parakou Borgou 255,478
4 Godomey Atlantique 253,262
5 Abomey-Calavi Atlantique 117,824
6 Djougou Donga 94,773
7 Bohicon Zou 93,744
8 Ekpè Ouémé 75,313
9 Abomey Zou 67,885
10 Nikki Borgou 66,109

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Jones, Daniel (2011). Roach, Peter; Setter, Jane; Esling, John (eds.). Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18th ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-15255-6.
  2. "Dahomey Announces Its Name Will Be Benin". The New York Times. 1 December 1975. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 16 September 2020. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  3. Hughes, R. H.; Hughes, J. S. (1992). A Directory of African Wetlands. IUCN. p. 301. ISBN 978-2-88032-949-5. Archived from the original on 8 May 2016. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  4. Annuaire statistique 2010 (PDF) (Report) (insyd French). INSAE. 2012. p. 49. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 17 December 2015.
  5. "World Population Prospects 2022". United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  6. "World Population Prospects 2022: Demographic indicators by region, subregion and country, annually for 1950-2100" (XSLX). ("Total Population, as of 1 July (thousands)"). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  7. "FAO Initiative on Soaring Food Prices". Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2010.
  8. Global Logistics Assessments Reports Handbook. Vol. 1: Strategic Transportation and Customs Information for Selected Countries. International Business Publications USA. 2008 [2015-10-06]. p. 85. ISBN 978-0739766033.
  9. "Religions in Benin | PEW-GRF". Archived from the original on 17 October 2021. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  10. Statoids - Benin, archived from the original on 18 May 2021, retrieved 26 November 2019
  11. Communiqué du Conseil des Ministres du 22 Juin 2016 | Portail Officiel du Gouvernement Béninois Archived 2019-01-25 at the Wayback Machine. (22 June 2016). Retrieved on 2017-01-02.
  12. Bénin : liste des 12 nouveaux préfets et des chefs-lieux de départements Archived 2016-11-20 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2017-01-02.
  13. Benin. Retrieved on 2017-01-02.
  14. "Benin: Departments, Major Cities & Towns - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information". Archived from the original on 9 May 2019. Retrieved 7 December 2021.

You fi read further[edit | edit source]

  • Butler, S., Benin (Bradt Travel Guides) (Bradt Travel Guides, 2019)
  • Caulfield, Annie, Show Me the Magic: Travels Round Benin by Taxi (Penguin Books Ltd, 2003)
  • Kraus, Erika and Reid, Felice, Benin (Other Places Travel Guide) (Other Places Publishing, 2010)
  • Seely, Jennifer, The Legacies of Transition Governments in Africa: The Cases of Benin and Togo (Palgrave Macmillan, 2009)