Cameroon

From Wikipedia
Cameroon
sovereign state, country, republic
Part ofCentral Africa Edit
Inception1 January 1960 Edit
Official nameCameroun, République du Cameroun, Republic of Cameroon, Hautugo Kamerun Edit
Native labelRépublique du Cameroun Edit
Short name🇨🇲 Edit
Official languageFrench, English Edit
AnthemO Cameroon, Cradle of Our Forefathers Edit
Cultureculture of Cameroon Edit
Motto textPaix – Travail – Patrie, Peace – Work – Fatherland, Мир - труд - Родина, All of Africa in one country Edit
ContinentAfrica Edit
CountryCameroon Edit
CapitalYaoundé Edit
Located in time zoneWest Africa Time, UTC+01:00, Africa/Douala Edit
Located in or next to body of waterLake Chad, Gulf of Guinea, Atlantic Ocean Edit
Located in/on physical featureCentral Africa Edit
Coordinate location5°8′0″N 12°39′0″E Edit
Coordinates of easternmost point2°13′11″N 16°11′28″E Edit
Coordinates of northernmost point13°4′48″N 14°4′48″E Edit
Coordinates of southernmost point1°39′21″N 16°3′21″E Edit
Coordinates of westernmost point4°32′11″N 8°29′57″E Edit
Highest pointMount Cameroon Edit
Lowest pointBight of Biafra Edit
Government ein basic formrepublic Edit
Office held by head of statePresident of Cameroon Edit
State ein headPaul Biya Edit
Office head of government holdPrime Minister of Cameroon Edit
Government ein headJoseph Ngute Edit
Executive bodyGovernment of Cameroon Edit
Legislative bodyParliament of Cameroon Edit
Highest judicial authoritySupreme Court of Cameroon Edit
Central bankBank of Central African States Edit
CurrencyCentral African CFA franc Edit
Twinned administrative bodyTsushima Edit
Driving sideright Edit
Electrical plug typeEuroplug, Type E Edit
Dey replaceUnited Republic of Cameroon, Cameroon Edit
Studied inCameroon studies Edit
Official websitehttps://www.prc.cm/fr/ Edit
HashtagCameroon Edit
Top-level Internet domain.cm Edit
Flagflag of Cameroon Edit
Coat of armscoat of arms of Cameroon Edit
Geography of topicgeography of Cameroon Edit
Get characteristicnot-free country Edit
History of topichistory of Cameroon Edit
Railway traffic sideright Edit
Economy of topiceconomy of Cameroon Edit
Demographics of topicdemographics of Cameroon Edit
Mobile country code624 Edit
Country calling code+237 Edit
Emergency phone number112 Edit
Licence plate codeCAM Edit
Maritime identification digits613 Edit
Unicode character🇨🇲 Edit
Category for mapsCategory:Maps of Cameroon Edit
Map

Cameroon (officially de Republic of Cameroon), be country wey dey Central Africa. Edey share boundaries plus Nigeria to de west den north, Chad to de northeast, de Central African Republic to de east, den Equatorial Guinea, Gabon den de Republic of the Congo to de south. Ein coastline dey lie for de Bight of Biafra top, part of de Gulf of Guinea den de Atlantic Ocean. Due to its strategic position for de crossroads between West Africa den Central Africa, na dem categorize am edey both camps insyd. Ein nearly 27 million people dey speak 250 native languages, for addition to de national tongues of English den French, anaa both.[1][2][3]

De official languages of Cameroon be French den English, de official languages of former French Cameroons den British Cameroons. Christianity be de majority religion insyd Cameroon, plus significant minorities wey dey practise Islam den traditional faiths. E experience tensions from de English-speaking territories, wer politicians advocate for greater decentralisation den even complete separation anaa independence (as insyd de Southern Cameroons National Council). Insyd 2017, tensions ova de creation of Ambazonian state insyd de English-speaking territories escalate into open warfare.

Large numbers of Cameroonians dey live as subsistence farmers. Dem often dey refer to de country as "Africa in miniature" for ein geological, linguistic den cultural diversity.[1][4] Ein natural features dey include beaches, deserts, mountains, rainforests, den savannas. Ein highest point, at almost 4,100 metres (13,500 ft), be Mount Cameroon for de Southwest Region insyd. Ein most populous cities be Douala for de Wouri River top, ein economic capital den main seaport; Yaoundé, ein political capital; den Garoua. Limbé for de southwest insyd get natural seaport. Cameroon be well known for ein native music styles, particularly Makossa, Njang den Bikutsi, den for ein successful national football team. Ebe member state of de African Union, de United Nations, de Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), de Commonwealth of Nations, Non-Aligned Movement den de Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

Originally, na Cameroon be de exonym de Portuguese give to de Wouri River, wey na dem dey bell am Rio dos Camarões wey dey mean "river of shrimps" anaa "shrimp river", wey dey refer to de then abundant Cameroon ghost shrimp.[5][6] Today de country ein name for Portuguese insyd remain Camarões.

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Largest cities anaa towns insyd Cameroon

According to de 2005 Census[7]

Rank Name Region Pop.
1 Douala Littoral 1,906,962
2 Yaoundé Centre 1,817,524
3 Bafoussam West 800,000
4 Bamenda Northwest 269,530
5 Garoua North 235,996
6 Maroua Far North 201,371
7 Ngaoundéré Adamawa 152,698
8 Kumba Southwest 144,268
9 Nkongsamba Littoral 104,050
10 Buea Southwest 90,090

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Pereltsvaig, Asya (16 June 2011). "Linguistic diversity in Africa and Europe – Languages Of The World". languagesoftheworld.info. Archived from the original on 15 May 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2019.
  2. Kouega, Jean-Paul. 'The Language Situation in Cameroon', Current Issues in Language Planning, vol. 8/no. 1, (2007), pp. 3–94.
  3. "Cameroon". Ethnologue. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  4. Highest Average Annual Precipitation Extremes. Global Measured Extremes of Temperature and Precipitation, National Climatic Data Center. 25 May 2012. Last accessed 1 July 2019.
  5. "Cameroon | Etymology of the name Cameroon by etymonline". www.etymonline.com. Retrieved 6 February 2024.
  6. "Camarões: o que os crustáceos têm a ver com o país? ("Cameroon: what do the crustaceans have to do with the country?")". Veja. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  7. "Cameroon: Regions, Major Cities & Towns". Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information (insyd Luxembourgish). 9 April 1976. Retrieved 9 October 2020.

Sources[edit | edit source]

  • DeLancey, Mark W.; DeLancey, Mark Dike (2000). Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Cameroon (3rd ed.). Lanham, Maryland: The Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0810837751.
  • Hudgens, Jim; Trillo, Richard (1999). West Africa: The Rough Guide (3rd ed.). London: Rough Guides. ISBN 978-1858284682.
  • Mbaku, John Mukum (2005). Culture and Customs of Cameroon. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0313332319.
  • Neba, Aaron (1999). Modern Geography of the Republic of Cameroon (3rd ed.). Bamenda: Neba Publishers.
  • West, Ben (2004). Cameroon: The Bradt Travel Guide. Guilford, Connecticut: The Globe Pequot Press. ISBN 978-1841620787.

You fi read further[edit | edit source]

  • "Cameroon – Annual Report 2007". Archived from the original on 26 May 2007. Retrieved 7 February 2007. . Reporters without Borders. Retrieved 6 April 2007.
  • "Cameroon". Archived from the original on 13 January 2007. Retrieved 6 January 2007.. Human Development Report 2006. United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 6 April 2007.
  • Cana, Frank Richardson (1911). "Cameroon". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 5 (11th ed.). pp. 110–113.
  • Fonge, Fuabeh P. (1997). Modernization without Development in Africa: Patterns of Change and Continuity in Post-Independence Cameroonian Public Service. Trenton, New Jersey: Africa World Press, Inc.
  • MacDonald, Brian S. (1997). "Case Study 4: Cameroon", Military Spending in Developing Countries: How Much Is Too Much? McGill-Queen's University Press.
  • Njeuma, Dorothy L. (no date). "Country Profiles: Cameroon". The Boston College Center for International Higher Education. Retrieved 11 April 2008.
  • Rechniewski, Elizabeth. "1947: Decolonisation in the Shadow of the Cold War: the Case of French Cameroon." Australian & New Zealand Journal of European Studies 9.3 (2017). online
  • Sa'ah, Randy Joe (23 June 2006). "Cameroon girls battle 'breast ironing'". BBC News. Retrieved 6 April 2007.
  • Wright, Susannah, ed. (2006). Cameroon. Madrid: MTH Multimedia S.L.
  • "World Economic and Financial Surveys". World Economic Outlook Database, International Monetary Fund. September 2006. Retrieved 6 April 2007.

External links[edit | edit source]

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