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Equatorial Guinea

From Wikipedia
Equatorial Guinea
sovereign state
Part ofCentral Africa, European colonies in Africa, Portuguese Empire, Spanish Empire Edit
Year dem found am12 October 1968 Edit
Official nameGuinée équatoriale, la République de Guinée équatoriale, República de Guinea Ecuatorial, República de Guinea Equatorial Edit
Native labelRepública de Guinea Ecuatorial, République de Guinée équatoriale, República da Guiné Equatorial Edit
Short name🇬🇶, 赤几, 赤幾 Edit
IPA transcriptionɛkʋɑtu'ɾɪɑːlgɪneːɑ Edit
Dem name afterGulf of Guinea, equator Edit
Official languageSpanish, French, Portuguese Edit
AnthemCaminemos pisando las sendas de nuestra inmensa felicidad Edit
Cultureculture of Equatorial Guinea Edit
MottoUnity, Peace, Justice Edit
Motto textUnidad, Paz, Justicia Edit
ContinentAfrica Edit
CountryEquatorial Guinea Edit
CapitalMalabo Edit
Located in time zoneUTC+01:00 Edit
Located in or next to body of waterAtlantic Ocean Edit
Located in/on physical featureCentral Africa Edit
Coordinate location1°30′0″N 10°0′0″E Edit
Coordinates of easternmost point1°35′22″N 11°30′0″E Edit
Coordinates of northernmost point3°46′48″N 8°43′12″E Edit
Coordinates of southernmost point1°28′25″S 5°38′32″E Edit
Coordinates of westernmost point1°24′49″S 5°37′0″E Edit
Highest pointPico Basilé Edit
Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean Edit
Office held by head of statePresident of Equatorial Guinea Edit
State ein headTeodoro Obiang Edit
Office head of government holdPrime Minister of Equatorial Guinea Edit
Government ein headManuela Roka Edit
Legislative bodyParliament of Equatorial Guinea Edit
Central bankBank of Central African States Edit
CurrencyCentral African CFA franc Edit
Dey share bother plusCameroon, Gabon Edit
Driving sideright Edit
Electrical plug typeEuroplug, Type E Edit
Dey replaceSpanish Guinea Edit
Dema official websitehttps://www.guineaecuatorialpress.com/ Edit
HashtagEquatorialGuinea Edit
Top-level Internet domain.gq Edit
Flagflag of Equatorial Guinea Edit
Coat of armscoat of arms of Equatorial Guinea Edit
Geography of topicgeography of Equatorial Guinea Edit
Get characteristicnot-free country Edit
History of topichistory of Equatorial Guinea Edit
Economy of topiceconomy of Equatorial Guinea Edit
Demographics of topicdemographics of Equatorial Guinea Edit
Mobile country code627 Edit
Country calling code+240 Edit
Emergency phone number112, 115, 113, 114 Edit
Maritime identification digits631 Edit
Unicode character🇬🇶 Edit
Category for mapsCategory:Maps of Equatorial Guinea Edit

Equatorial Guinea (Spanish: Guinea Ecuatorial; French: Guinée équatoriale; Portuguese: Guiné Equatorial), officially be de Republic of Equatorial Guinea (Spanish: República de Guinea Ecuatorial, French: République de Guinée équatoriale, Portuguese: República da Guiné Equatorial), be country for de west coast of Central Africa, plus area of 28,000 square kilometres (11,000 sq mi). Formerly de colony of Spanish Guinea, ein post-independence name dey refer to ein location near both de Equator den insyd de African region of Guinea. As of 2021, de country get population of 1,468,777,[1] ova 85% wey be members of de Fang people, de country ein dominant ethnic group. De Bubi people, indigenous to Bioko, be de second largest group at approximately 6.5% of de population.

Equatorial Guinea dey consist of two parts, insular den mainland region. De insular region dey consist of de islands of Bioko (formerly Fernando Pó) insyd de Gulf of Guinea den Annobón, small volcanic island wey be de only part of de country south of de equator. Bioko Island be de northernmost part of Equatorial Guinea wey ebe de site of de country ein capital, Malabo. De Portuguese-speaking island nation of São Tomé and Príncipe dey locate between Bioko den Annobón.

De mainland region, Río Muni, Cameroon dey border am for de north den Gabon for de south den east. Ebe de location of Bata, Equatorial Guinea ein largest city, den Ciudad de la Paz, de country ein planned future capital. Rio Muni sanso dey include several small offshore islands, such as Corisco, Elobey Grande, den Elobey Chico. De country be member of de African Union, Francophonie, OPEC den de CPLP.

Geography[edit | edit source]

Ecology[edit | edit source]

Share of forest area for total land area insyd, top countries (2021). Equatorial Guinea get de seventh highest percentage of forest cover for de world insyd.

De country get 2018 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 7.99/10, wey dey rank am 30th globally out of 172 countries.[2]

Wildlife[edit | edit source]

Equatorial Guinea be home to gorillas, chimpanzees, various monkeys, leopards, African Buffalo, antelope, elephants, hippopotamuses, crocodiles, den various snakes, wey dey include pythons.[3]

Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]

Dem divide Equatorial Guinea into eight provinces.[4][5] De freshest province be Djibloho, dem create am insyd 2017 wey ein headquarters dey Ciudad de la Paz, de country ein future capital.[6][7] De eight provinces be as follows (numbers dey correspond to dose for de map top; provincial capitals appear insyd parentheses):[4]

  1. Annobón (San Antonio de Palé)
  2. Bioko Norte (Malabo)
  3. Bioko Sur (Luba)
  4. Centro Sur (Evinayong)
  5. Djibloho (Ciudad de la Paz)
  6. Kié-Ntem (Ebebiyín)
  7. Litoral (Bata)
  8. Wele-Nzas (Mongomo)

Dem further divide de provinces into 19 districts den 37 municipalities.[8]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Equatorial Guinea Population". Archived from the original on 17 September 2023. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  2. Grantham, H. S.; Duncan, A.; Evans, T. D.; Jones, K. R.; Beyer, H. L.; Schuster, R.; Walston, J.; Ray, J. C.; Robinson, J. G.; Callow, M.; Clements, T.; Costa, H. M.; DeGemmis, A.; Elsen, P. R.; Ervin, J.; Franco, P.; Goldman, E.; Goetz, S.; Hansen, A.; Hofsvang, E.; Jantz, P.; Jupiter, S.; Kang, A.; Langhammer, P.; Laurance, W. F.; Lieberman, S.; Linkie, M.; Malhi, Y.; Maxwell, S.; Mendez, M.; Mittermeier, R.; Murray, N. J.; Possingham, H.; Radachowsky, J.; Saatchi, S.; Samper, C.; Silverman, J.; Shapiro, A.; Strassburg, B.; Stevens, T.; Stokes, E.; Taylor, R.; Tear, T.; Tizard, R.; Venter, O.; Visconti, P.; Wang, S.; Watson, J. E. M. (2020). "Anthropogenic modification of forests means only 40% of remaining forests have high ecosystem integrity – Supplementary Material". Nature Communications. 11 (1): 5978. Bibcode:2020NatCo..11.5978G. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-19493-3. ISSN 2041-1723. PMC 7723057. PMID 33293507.
  3. "Equatorial Guinea – Plant and animal life". Encyclopedia Britannica. 29 November 2023. Archived from the original on 26 January 2021. Retrieved 1 August 2020.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Law, Gwillim (22 March 2016). "Provinces of Equatorial Guinea". Statoids. Archived from the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  5. "El Gobierno inicia sus actividades en Djibloho" (in Spanish). PDGE. 7 February 2017. Archived from the original on 26 September 2017. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  6. "La Presidencia de la República sanciona dos nuevas leyes" (in Spanish). Equatorial Guinea Press and Information Office. 23 June 2017. Archived from the original on 25 June 2017. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  7. "Equatorial Guinea government moves to new city in rainforest". BBC News. 8 February 2017. Archived from the original on 28 September 2017. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  8. Law, Gwillim (22 April 2016). "Districts of Equatorial Guinea". Statoids. Archived from the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 25 September 2017.

Sources[edit | edit source]

  • D. L. Claret. Cien años de evangelización en Guinea Ecuatorial (1883–1983) / One Hundred Years of Evangelism in Equatorial Guinea (1983, Barcelona: Claretian Missionaries).
  • Robert Klitgaard. 1990. Tropical Gangsters. New York: Basic Books. ISBN 0-465-08760-4. A World Bank economist tries to assist pre-oil Equatorial Guinea.
  • Max Liniger-Goumaz, Small Is Not Always Beautiful: The Story of Equatorial Guinea (French 1986, translated 1989) ISBN 0-389-20861-2.
  • Adam Roberts, The Wonga Coup: Guns, Thugs and a Ruthless Determination to Create Mayhem in an Oil-Rich Corner of Africa (2006, PublicAffairs) ISBN 1-58648-371-4.

Read further[edit | edit source]

  • Aixelà-Cabré, Yolanda. Spain's African Colonial Legacies: Morocco and Equatorial Guinea Compared (Brill, 2022) online review Archived 11 June 2023 at the Wayback Machine
  • Lewis, Marvin. An Introduction to the Literature of Equatorial Guinea: Between Colonialism and Dictatorship. (2007). online Archived 13 August 2023 at the Wayback Machine
  • McSherry, Brendan. "The Political Economy of Oil in Equatorial Guinea." African Studies Quarterly 8.3 (2006).
  • Sundiata, Ibrahim K. Equatorial Guinea: colonialism, state terror, and the search for stability (Routledge, 2019). online Archived 13 August 2023 at the Wayback Machine
  • Ugarte, Michael. Africans in Europe: The culture of exile and emigration from Equatorial Guinea to Spain (University of Illinois Press, 2010) online Archived 13 August 2023 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit | edit source]

Equatorial Guinea at Wikipedia ein sisto projects