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sovereign state, landlocked country, country
Part ofCentral Africa Edit
Year dem found am11 August 1960 Edit
Official nameTchad, la République du Tchad, Republic of Chad Edit
Short name🇹🇩 Edit
Dem name afterLake Chad Edit
Official languageFrench, Arabic Edit
AnthemLa Tchadienne Edit
Cultureculture of Chad Edit
Motto textUnité, Travail, Progrès, Unity, Work, Progress, الاتحاد، العمل، التقدم, Единство, труд, прогрес, Oasis of the Sahel Edit
ContinentAfrica Edit
CountryChad Edit
CapitalN'Djamena Edit
Located in time zoneUTC+01:00, Africa/Ndjamena Edit
Located in or next to body of waterLake Chad Edit
Located in/on physical featureSahel Edit
Coordinate location15°28′0″N 19°24′0″E Edit
Coordinates of easternmost point15°41′56″N 24°0′0″E Edit
Coordinates of northernmost point23°26′57″N 16°0′0″E Edit
Coordinates of southernmost point7°26′35″N 15°48′0″E Edit
Coordinates of westernmost point14°25′0″N 13°28′13″E Edit
Highest pointEmi Koussi Edit
Lowest pointBodélé Depression Edit
Office held by head of statePresident of Chad Edit
State ein headMahamat Déby Itno Edit
Office head of government holdPresident of Chad Edit
Government ein headIdriss Déby Edit
Executive bodyGovernment of Chad Edit
Legislative bodyNational Assembly Edit
Highest judicial authoritySupreme Court of Chad Edit
Central bankBank of Central African States Edit
CurrencyCentral African CFA franc Edit
Twinned administrative bodyAisai Edit
Driving sideright Edit
Electrical plug typeAC power plugs and sockets: British and related types, Type E, Schuko, Europlug Edit
HashtagChad Edit
Top-level Internet domain.td Edit
Flagflag of Chad Edit
Coat of armscoat of arms of Chad Edit
Geography of topicgeography of Chad Edit
Get characteristicnot-free country Edit
History of topichistory of Chad Edit
Economy of topiceconomy of Chad Edit
Demographics of topicdemographics of Chad Edit
MadhhabMalikism Edit
Mobile country code622 Edit
Country calling code+235 Edit
Emergency phone number17, 18, 2251-4242 Edit
Licence plate codeTCH, TD Edit
Maritime identification digits670 Edit
Unicode character🇹🇩 Edit
Category for mapsCategory:Maps of Chad Edit

Chad (/tʃæd/ (listen)), alias de Republic of Chad, be sam landlocked country for de crossroads of North den Central Africa. Edey share border plus Libya to de north, Sudan to de east, de Central African Republic to de south, Cameroon to de southwest, Nigeria to de southwest (at Lake Chad), den Niger to de west. Chad get de population of 16 million, of which 1.6 million dey de capital den de largest city of N'Djamena. Plus total area of around 1,284,000 km2 (496,000 sq mi), Chad be de fifth-largest country insyd Africa den de twentieth largest nation by area for de world insyd.

Chad get chaw regions: desert zone insyd de north, arid Sahelian belt insyd de centre den more fertile Sudanian Savanna zone insyd de south. Lake Chad, after which dem name de country, be de second-largest wetland insyd Africa. Chad ein official languages be Arabic den French.[1] Ebe home to ova 200 different ethnic den linguistic groups. Islam (55.1%) den Christianity (41.1%) be de main religions dem dey practice for Chad insyd.[2][3]


Largest cities, towns, den municipalities

Cities of Chad
Rank City Population Region
1993 Census[4] 2009 Census[4]
1. N'Djaména 530,965 951,418 N'Djaména
2. Moundou 99,530 137,251 Logone Occidental
3. Abéché 54,628 97,963 Ouaddaï
4. Sarh 75,496 97,224 Moyen-Chari
5. Kélo 31,319 57,859 Tandjilé
6. Am Timan 21,269 52,270 Salamat
7. Doba 17,920 49,647 Logone Oriental
8. Pala 26,116 49,461 Mayo-Kebbi Ouest
9. Bongor 20,448 44,578 Mayo-Kebbi Est
10. Goz Beïda 3,083 41,248 Sila


Chad ein official languages be Arabic den French, buh dem dey speak ova 100 languages. De Chadic branch of de Afroasiatic language family get ein name from Chad, wey dozens of languages native to de country dey represent. Chad sanso be home to Central Sudanic, Maban, den chaw Niger-Congo languages.

Due to de important role itinerant Arab traders den settled merchants play for local communities insyd, Chadian Arabic cam turn lingua franca.[5]

Government den politics

Administrative divisions

No. Region Pop'n



(1 July 2023)

Est. Area

(sq km)

Capital Departments
1 Batha 488,458 748,395 93,732 Ati Batha Est, Batha Ouest, Fitri
22 Chari-Baguirmi 578,425 884,924 47,226 Massenya Baguirmi, Chari, Loug Chari
23 Hadjer-Lamis 566,858 870,231 31,376 Massakory Dababa, Dagana , Haraze Al Biar
5 Wadi Fira 508,383 792,394 56,362 Biltine Biltine, Dar Tama, Kobé
2 Bahr el Gazel 257,267 407,256 58,525 Moussoro Barh El Gazel Nord, Barh El Gazel Sud
3 Borkou 93,584 154,865 271,513 Faya-Largeau Borkou, Borkou Yala
8 Ennedi-Est 107,302 175,321 81,696 Am-Djarass Am-Djarass, Wadi Hawar
12 Ennedi-Ouest 60,617 109,753 117,686 Fada Fada, Mourtcha
9 Guéra 538,359 824,161 62,678 Mongo Abtouyour, Barh Signaka, Guéra, Mangalmé
13 Kanem 333,387 505,839 70,516 Mao Kanem, Nord Kanem, Wadi Bissam
14 Lac 331,496 509,258 20,543 Bol Mamdi, Wayi
11 Logone Occidental 689,044 1,053,958 8,969 Moundou Dodjé, Guéni, Lac Wey, Ngourkosso
7 Logone Oriental 779,339 1,184,567 24,119 Doba La Nya, La Nya Pendé, La Pendé, Kouh-Est, Kouh-Ouest, Monts de Lam
15 Mandoul 628,065 1,002,346 17,761 Koumra Barh Sara, Mandoul Occidental, Mandoul Oriental
6 Mayo-Kebbi Est 774,782 1,179,260 18,458 Bongor Kabbia, Mayo-Boneye, Mayo-Lémié, Mont d'Illi
10 Mayo-Kebbi Ouest 564,470 858,593 12,787 Pala Lac Léré, Mayo-Dallah
19 Moyen-Chari 588,008 902,311 42,307 Sarh Barh Kôh, Grande Sido, Lac Iro
4 Ouaddaï 721,166 1,102,467 30,790 Abéché Abdi, Assoungha, Ouara
17 Salamat 302,301 470,256 69,631 Am Timan Aboudeïa, Barh Azoum, Haraze-Mangueigne
18 Sila 387,461 591,300 36,745 Goz Beïda Djourf Al Ahmar, Kimiti
20 Tandjilé 661,906 1,007,812 17,891 Laï Tandjilé Est, Tandjilé Ouest
21 Tibesti 25,483 52,626 135,896 Bardaï Tibesti Est, Tibesti Ouest
16 N'Djamena (capital) 951,418 1,434,592 408 N'Djamena 10 dawāʾir anaa arrondissements


  1. "Glottolog 4.8 - Languages of Chad". glottolog.org. Retrieved 15 August 2023.
  2. "Religions in Chad | PEW-GRF". Archived from the original on 8 October 2022. Retrieved 11 August 2022.
  3. "Enquête Démographique et de Santé 1996–1997" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 October 2022.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "INSEED-TCHAD – Document". Inseed-td.net. 24 April 2018. Archived from the original on 28 December 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  5. S. Collelo, Chad


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External links