From Wikipedia
sovereign state, country
Part ofEast Africa Edit
Inception24 May 1993 Edit
Official nameدولة إريتريا, إريتريا, ሃገረ ኤርትራ, دولة إريتري, État d'Érythrée Edit
Native labelدولة إريتريا, إريتريا, ኤርትራ Edit
Short name🇪🇷 Edit
IPA transcriptionɛɾɪ'tɾeːɑ Edit
Dem name afterRed Sea Edit
Official languageTigrinya, Arabic, English Edit
AnthemErtra, Ertra, Ertra Edit
Cultureculture of Eritrea Edit
ContinentAfrica Edit
CountryEritrea Edit
CapitalAsmara Edit
Located in time zoneUTC+03:00, Africa/Addis_Ababa Edit
Located in/on physical featureEast Africa Edit
Coordinate location15°29′0″N 38°15′0″E Edit
Coordinates of easternmost point12°42′49″N 43°8′13″E Edit
Coordinates of northernmost point18°1′14″N 38°34′57″E Edit
Coordinates of southernmost point12°21′17″N 42°42′3″E Edit
Coordinates of westernmost point15°10′3″N 36°26′0″E Edit
Highest pointEmba Soira Edit
Lowest pointLake Kulul Edit
Office held by head of statePresident of Eritrea Edit
State ein headIsaías Fortis Edit
Office head of government holdPresident of Eritrea Edit
Government ein headIsaías Fortis Edit
Legislative bodyNational Assembly Edit
Central bankBank of Eritrea Edit
Public holidayIndependence Day Edit
Currencynakfa Edit
Dey share bother plusSudan, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Arab League Edit
Driving sideright Edit
Electrical plug typeEuroplug, Type L Edit
Studied inEritrean studies Edit
Official website Edit
HashtagEritrea, State-of-Eritrea Edit
Top-level Internet Edit
Flagflag of Eritrea Edit
Coat of armsemblem of Eritrea Edit
Geography of topicgeography of Eritrea Edit
Get characteristicnot-free country Edit
History of topichistory of Eritrea Edit
Economy of topiceconomy of Eritrea Edit
Demographics of topicdemographics of Eritrea Edit
Mobile country code657 Edit
Country calling code+291 Edit
Trunk prefixno value Edit
Emergency phone number114, 113, 116 Edit
Licence plate codeER Edit
Maritime identification digits625 Edit
Unicode character🇪🇷 Edit
Category for mapsCategory:Maps of Eritrea Edit

Eritrea (/ˌɛrɪˈtriːə/ ERR-ih-TREE-ə anaa /-ˈtreɪ-/ -⁠TRAY-;[1][2][3]), alias State of Eritrea, be sam country for de Horn of Africa region of Eastern Africa insyd, wey ein capital den largest city be Asmara. Edey share border plus Ethiopia for de south insyd, Sudan for de west insyd, den Djibouti for de southeast insyd. De northeastern den eastern parts of Eritrea get sam extensive coastline along de Red Sea. De nation get sam total area of approximately 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi),[4][5] wey dey include de Dahlak Archipelago den several of de Hanish Islands.

Contemporary Eritrea be multi-ethnic country plus nine ethnic groups dem recognise. Dem dey speak nine different languages by de nine ethnic groups dem recognise, de most widely language dem dey speak be Tigrinya, de odas be Tigre, Saho, Kunama, Nara, Afar, Beja, Bilen den Arabic.[6] Tigrinya, Arabic, English den Italian dey serve as de four working languages.[7][8][9][10] Chaw residents dey speak languages from de Afroasiatic family, either of de Ethiopian Semitic languages anaa Cushitic branches. Among dese communities, de Tigrinyas dey make up about 50% of de population, plus de Tigre people wey dey constitute around 30% of inhabitants. For addition, der be several Nilo-Saharan-speaking Nilotic ethnic groups. Chaw people for de country insyd dey adhere to Christianity anaa Islam, plus small minority wey dey adher to traditional faiths.[11]

Eritrea be member of de African Union, de United Nations, den de Intergovernmental Authority on Development, wey e sanso be observer state for de Arab League insyd alongsyd Brazil den Venezuela.[12]

Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]

Dem divide Eritrea go six administrative regions. Dem further divide dese areas go 58 districts.

Regions of Eritrea
Region Area (km2) Capital
Central 1,300 Asmara
Anseba 23,200 Keren
Gash-Barka 33,200 Barentu
Southern 8,000 Mendefera
Northern Red Sea 27,800 Massawa
Southern Red Sea 27,600 Assab

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Largest cities anaa towns insyd Eritrea


Rank Name Region Pop.
1 Asmara Maekel 963,000
2 Keren Anseba 120,000
3 Dekemhare Debub 120,000
4 Massawa Semienawi Keyih Bahri 54,090
5 Mendefera Debub 53,000
6 Assab Debubawi Keyih Bahri 28,000
7 Barentu Gash-Barka 15,891
8 Adi Keyh Debub 13,061
9 Edd Southern Red Sea 11,259
10 Ak'ordat Gash-Barka 8,857

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Eritrea". Unabridged (Online). n.d.
  2. "Eritrea". Dictionary. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
  3. "Name change for Eritrea and other minor corrections" (PDF). International Organization for Standardization. 2 August 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2024.
  4. "Eritrea". Central Intelligence Agency. 27 February 2023. Archived from the original on 10 January 2021. Retrieved 24 February 2023 – via
  5. "Eritrea country profile". BBC News. 10 May 2011. Archived from the original on 20 November 2023. Retrieved 20 November 2023.
  6. "EASO Country of Origin Information Report: Eritrea Country Focus" (PDF). European Asylum Support Office. May 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 June 2021. Retrieved 19 August 2021.
  7. "Eritrea at a Glance". Eritrea Ministry of Information. 1 October 2009. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  8. "National Unity: Eritrea's core value for peace and stability".
  9. "Eritrea at a Glance".
  10. "Eritrea Constitution" (PDF). UNESCO. Retrieved 19 August 2021.
  11. "Eritrea". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 22 September 2021.
  12. "Arab League Fast Facts". CNN. 18 March 2016. Retrieved 5 June 2016.

Read further[edit | edit source]

  • Beretekeab, R. (2000); Eritrea: The Making of a Nation 1890–1991. Thesis. Uppsala University, Uppsala. ISBN 978-91-506-1387-2. OCLC 632423867.
  • Cliffe, Lionel; Connell, Dan; Davidson, Basil (2005), Taking on the Superpowers: Collected Articles on the Eritrean Revolution (1976–1982). Red Sea Press, ISBN 1-56902-188-0
  • Cliffe, Lionel & Davidson, Basil (1988), The Long Struggle of Eritrea for Independence and Constructive Peace. Spokesman Press, ISBN 0-85124-463-7
  • Connell, Dan (1997), Against All Odds: A Chronicle of the Eritrean Revolution With a New Afterword on the Postwar Transition. Red Sea Press, ISBN 1-56902-046-9
  • Connell, Dan (2001), Rethinking Revolution: New Strategies for Democracy & Social Justice: The Experiences of Eritrea, South Africa, Palestine & Nicaragua. Red Sea Press, ISBN 1-56902-145-7
  • Connell, Dan (2004), Conversations with Eritrean Political Prisoners. Red Sea Press, ISBN 1-56902-235-6
  • Connell, Dan (2005), Building a New Nation: Collected Articles on the Eritrean Revolution (1983–2002). Red Sea Press, ISBN 1-56902-198-8
  • Firebrace, James & Holand, Stuart (1985), Never Kneel Down: Drought, Development and Liberation in Eritrea. Red Sea Press, ISBN 0-932415-00-8
  • Drudi, Emilio (2021). Una storia eritrea. Beyan, Adam, Amr. Calamaro Edizioni. ISBN 978-88-944639-2-7
  • Gebre-Medhin, Jordan (1989), Peasants and Nationalism in Eritrea. Red Sea Press, ISBN 0-932415-38-5
  • Hatem Elliesie: Decentralisation of Higher Education in Eritrea, Afrika Spectrum, Vol. 43 (2008) No. 1, p. 115–120.
  • Hedberg, I. (1996), van der Maesen, L. J. G.; van der Burgt, X. M.; van Medenbach de Rooy, J. M. (eds.), "Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea", The Biodiversity of African Plants: Proceedings XIVth AETFAT Congress 22–27 August 1994, Wageningen, The Netherlands, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, pp. 802–804, doi:10.1007/978-94-009-0285-5_104, ISBN 978-94-009-0285-5, retrieved 21 March 2024
  • Hill, Justin (2002), Ciao Asmara, A classic account of contemporary Africa. Little, Brown, ISBN 978-0-349-11526-9
  • Iyob, Ruth (1997), The Eritrean Struggle for Independence: Domination, Resistance, Nationalism, 1941–1993. Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-59591-6
  • Jacquin-Berdal, Dominique; Plaut, Martin (2004), Unfinished Business: Ethiopia and Eritrea at War. Red Sea Press, ISBN 1-56902-217-8
  • Johns, Michael (1992), "Does Democracy Have a Chance", Congressional Record, 6 May 1992 Archived 23 August 2013 at de Wayback Machine
  • Keneally, Thomas (1990), To Asmara ISBN 0-446-39171-9
  • Kendie, Daniel (2005), The Five Dimensions of the Eritrean Conflict 1941–2004: Deciphering the Geo-Political Puzzle. Signature Book Printing, ISBN 1-932433-47-3
  • Killion, Tom (1998), Historical Dictionary of Eritrea. Scarecrow Press, ISBN 0-8108-3437-5
  • Mauri, Arnaldo (2004), "Eritrea's Early Stages in Monetary and Banking Development", International Review of Economics, Vol. LI, n. 4.
  • Mauri, Arnaldo (1998), "The First Monetary and Banking Experiences in Eritrea", African Review of Money, Finance and Banking, n. 1–2.
  • Miran, Jonathan (2009), Red Sea Citizens: Cosmopolitan Society and Cultural Change in Massawa. Indiana University Press, ISBN 978-0-253-22079-0
  • Müller, Tanja R.: Bare life and the developmental State: the Militarization of Higher Education in Eritrea, Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 46 (2008), No. 1, p. 1–21.
  • Negash T. (1987); Italian Colonisation in Eritrea: Policies, Praxis and Impact, Uppsala Univwersity, Uppsala.
  • Ogbaselassie, G (10 January 2006). "Response to remarks by Mr. David Triesman, Britain's parliamentary under-secretary of state with responsibility for Africa". Archived from the original on 16 November 2006. Retrieved 7 June 2006.
  • Pateman, Roy (1998), Eritrea: Even the Stones Are Burning. Red Sea Press, ISBN 1-56902-057-4
  • Phillipson, David W. (1998), Ancient Ethiopia.
  • Reid, Richard. (2011). Frontiers of Violence in North-East Africa: Genealogies of Conflict Since c. 1800. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-921188-3
  • Wrong, Michela (2005), I Didn't Do It For You: How the World Betrayed a Small African Nation. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-078092-4

External links[edit | edit source]

Eritrea for Wikipedia ein sisto projects top

Scholia get topic profile give Eritrea.

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