From Wikipedia
sovereign state, country, landlocked country
Part ofEast Africa Edit
Inception21 August 1995 Edit
Official namela République démocratique fédérale d’Éthiopie Edit
Native labelየኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, Federaalawaa Dimokraatawaa Repabliikii Itoophiyaa, ናይኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ Edit
Short name🇪🇹 Edit
IPA transcriptionɛtɪˈuːpɪɑ Edit
Official languageAmharic Edit
AnthemMarch Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia Edit
Cultureculture of Ethiopia Edit
Motto textLand of origins Edit
ContinentAfrica Edit
CountryEthiopia Edit
CapitalAddis Ababa Edit
Located in time zoneUTC+03:00, East Africa Time, Africa/Asmara Edit
Coordinate location9°0′0″N 40°0′0″E Edit
Coordinates of easternmost point8°0′4″N 48°0′3″E Edit
Coordinates of northernmost point14°52′48″N 37°54′0″E Edit
Coordinates of southernmost point3°24′14″N 39°33′9″E Edit
Coordinates of westernmost point7°56′41″N 32°59′53″E Edit
Highest pointRas Dashen Edit
Lowest pointDanakil Depression Edit
Government ein basic formfederal republic Edit
Office held by head of stateAfani oromoo of Ethiopia Edit
State ein headSahle-Work Zewde Edit
Office head of government holdPrime Minister of Ethiopia Edit
Government ein headAbiy Ahmed Ali Edit
Executive bodyGovernment of Ethiopia Edit
Legislative bodyFederal Parliamentary Assembly Edit
Central bankNational Bank of Ethiopia Edit
Currencybir Edit
Driving sideright Edit
HashtagEthiopia Edit
Top-level Internet Edit
Flagflag of Ethiopia Edit
Coat of armsEmblem of Ethiopia Edit
Geography of topicgeography of Ethiopia Edit
Get characteristicnot-free country Edit
History of topichistory of Ethiopia Edit
Patron saintSaint George Edit
Economy of topiceconomy of Ethiopia Edit
Demographics of topicdemographics of Ethiopia Edit
Mobile country code636 Edit
Country calling code+251 Edit
Trunk prefix0 Edit
Emergency phone number911, 907, 939, 991 Edit
Licence plate codeETH Edit
Maritime identification digits624 Edit
Unicode character🇪🇹 Edit
Category for mapsCategory:Maps of Ethiopia Edit

Ethiopia, alias Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, be landlocked country. Edey Africa ein horn insyd. Ein den Eritrea dey share border for north, den plus Djibouti for northeast, Somalia for de east den northeast, Kenya for de south, South Sudan for de west, den Sudan for de northwest. Ethiopia dey cover land area of 1,112,000 square kilometres (472,000 sq. miles).[1] As of 2023, ebe home to around 128 million inhabitants, wey dey make am de 13th-most populous country for de world insyd, de 2nd-most populous insyd Africa after Nigeria, den de most populated landlocked country for Earth top.[2][3] De national capital den largest city, Addis Ababa, dey lie several kilometres west of de East African Rift wey dey split de country into de African den Somali tectonic plates.[4]

Ethiopia be multi-ethnic state plus ova 80 different ethnic groups. Christianity be de most widely faith dem profess insyd de country, plus significant minorities of de adherents of Islam den small percentage to traditional faiths. Dis sovereign state be founding member of de UN, de Group of 24, de Non-Aligned Movement, de Group of 77, den de Organisation of African Unity. Addis Ababa be de headquarters of de African Union, de Pan African Chamber of Commerce and Industry, de United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, de African Standby Force den chaw of de global non-governmental organizations wey dey focus for Africa top. Ethiopia cam turn full member of BRICS insyd 2024.[5]

Government den politics[edit | edit source]

Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]

Ethiopia be administratively divided go four levels: regions, zones, woredas (districts) den kebele (wards). De country dey comprise 12 regions den two city administrations under dese regions, plenty of zones, woredas den neighbourhood administration: kebeles. De two federal-level city administrations be Addis Ababa den Dire Dawa.

Map of regions den zones of Ethiopia

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Ethnic groups insyd Ethiopia
Ethnic group Population
Oromo 25.4 (34.4%)
Amhara 19.9 (27.0%)
Somali 4.59 (6.2%)
Tigrayans 4.49 (6.1%)
Sidama 2.95 (4.0%)
Gurage 1.86 (2.5%)
Welayta 1.68 (2.3%)
Afar 1.28 (1.7%)
Hadiya 1.27 (1.7%)
Gamo 1.10 (1.5%)
Others 9.30 (12.6%)
Population insyd millions according to 2007 Census[6]

Urbanization[edit | edit source]

Largest cities anaa towns insyd Ethiopia

CSA (Urban population projection values of 2016)[7]

Rank Name Region Pop. Rank Name Region Pop.
1 Addis Ababa Addis Ababa 3,352,000 11 Shashamane Oromia 154,587
2 Gondar Amhara 341,991 12 Bishoftu Oromia 153,847
3 Mek'ele Tigray 340,858 13 Sodo SNNPR 253,322
4 Adama Oromia 338,940 14 Arba Minch SNNPR 151,013
5 Hawassa SNNPR 318,618 15 Hosaena SNNPR 141,352
6 Bahir Dar Amhara 297,794 16 Harar Harari 133,000
7 Dire Dawa Dire Dawa 285,000 17 Dila SNNPR 119,276
8 Dessie Amhara 198,428 18 Nekemte Oromia 115,741
9 Jimma Oromia 186,148 19 Debre Birhan Amhara 107,827
10 Jijiga Somali 164,321 20 Asella Oromia 103,522

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Ethiopia EO (30 July 2023). "About Ethiopia". Embassy Of Ethiopia Washington.
  2. "Population Projections for Ethiopia 2007–2037". Archived from the original on 3 August 2020. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  3. "Ethiopia". The World Factbook (2024 ed.). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 24 September 2022. (Archived 2022 edition.)
  4. "Ethiopia". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  5. "Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Ethiopia formally join BRICS". Daily News Egypt. 1 January 2024. Retrieved 1 January 2024.
  6. "Country Level". 2007 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia. CSA. 13 July 2010. Archived from the original on 8 February 2019. Retrieved 18 January 2013.
  7. "Population Projection of Ethiopia for All Regions At Wereda Level from 2014 – 2017". Government of Ethiopia. Retrieved 20 April 2016.

Read further[edit | edit source]

  • Campbell G, Miers S, Miller J (2007). Women and Slavery: Africa, the Indian Ocean world, and the medieval north Atlantic. Ohio University Press. ISBN 978-0-8214-1723-2.
  • Cana FR, Gleichen AE (1911). "Abyssinia" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 1 (11th ed.). pp. 82–95.
  • Deguefé, Taffara (2006). Minutes of an Ethiopian Century, Shama Books, Addis Ababa, ISBN 99944-0-003-7.
  • Hugues Fontaine, Un Train en Afrique. African Train, Centre Français des Études Éthiopiennes / Shama Books. Édition bilingue français / anglais. Traduction : Yves-Marie Stranger. Postface : Jean-Christophe Belliard. Avec des photographies de Matthieu Germain Lambert et Pierre Javelot. Addis Abeba, 2012, ISBN 978-99944-867-1-7. English den French. UN TRAIN EN AFRIQUE
  • Henze PB (2004). Layers of Time: A History of Ethiopia. Shama Books. ISBN 978-1-931253-28-4.
  • Keller E (1991). Revolutionary Ethiopia From Empire to People's Republic. Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-253-20646-6.
  • Marcus HG (1975). The Life and Times of Menelik II: Ethiopia, 1844–1913. Oxford: Clarendon. Reprint, Trenton, NJ: Red Sea, 1995. ISBN 1-56902-009-4.
  • Marcus HG (2002). A History of Ethiopia (updated ed.). Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-22479-7.
  • Mauri, Arnaldo (2010). Monetary developments and decolonization in Ethiopia, Acta Universitatis Danubius Œconomica, VI, n. 1/2010, pp. 5–16. Monetary Developments and Decolonization in Ethiopia and WP Monetary developments and decolonization in Ethiopia
  • Mockler A (1984). Haile Selassie's War. Reprint, New York: Olive Branch, 2003 ISBN 0-902669-53-2.
  • Murphy, Dervla (1968). In Ethiopia with a Mule. London: Century, 1984, cop. 1968. N.B.: An account of the author's travels in Ethiopia. 280 p., ill. with a b&w map. ISBN 0-7126-3044-9
  • Rubenson S (2003). The Survival of Ethiopian Independence (4th ed.). Hollywood, CA: Tsehai. ISBN 978-0-9723172-7-6.
  • Selassie I H (1999). My Life and Ethiopia's Progress: The Autobiography of Emperor Haile Selassie I. Translated by Edward Ullendorff. Chicago: Frontline. ISBN 978-0-948390-40-1.
  • Siegbert Uhlig, et al. (eds.) (2003). Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, Vol. 1: A–C. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.
  • Siegbert Uhlig, et al. (eds.) (2005). Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, Vol. 2: D–Ha. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.
  • Siegbert Uhlig, et al. (eds.) (2007). Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, Vol. 3: He–N. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.
  • Siegbert Uhlig & Alessandro Bausi, et al. (eds.) (2010). Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, Vol. 4: O–X. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.
  • Alessandro Bausi & S. Uhlig, et al. (eds.) (2014). Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, Vol. 5: Y–Z and addenda, corrigenda, overview tables, maps and general index. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.
  • Zewde B (2001). A History of Modern Ethiopia, 1855–1991 (2nd ed.). Athens, OH: Ohio University Press. ISBN 978-0-8214-1440-8.
  • Dis article dey incorporate text from dis source, wich edey insyd de public domain. Country Studies. Federal Research Division.
  • Dis article dey incorporate public domain material from The World Factbook. CIA.

External links[edit | edit source]

Ethiopia at Wikipedia ein sisto projects

Scholia get topic profile give Ethiopia.