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From Wikipedia
sovereign state, country
Part ofWest Africa Edit
Year dem found am1974 Edit
Official nameGuinea-Bissau, Guiné-Bissau, la République de Guinée-Bissao Edit
Native labelRepública da Guiné-Bissau Edit
Short name🇬🇼 Edit
Official languagePortuguese Edit
AnthemEsta é a Nossa Pátria bem Amada Edit
Cultureculture of Guinea-Bissau Edit
Motto textUnidade, Luta, Progresso, Unity, Fight, Progress, Единство, борба, прогрес Edit
ContinentAfrica Edit
CountryGuinea-Bissau Edit
CapitalBissau Edit
Located in time zoneUTC±00:00, Africa/Bissau Edit
Located in or next to body of waterAtlantic Ocean Edit
Located in/on physical featureWest Africa Edit
Coordinate location12°0′0″N 15°0′0″W Edit
Coordinates of easternmost point12°27′33″N 13°37′36″W Edit
Coordinates of northernmost point12°40′48″N 14°30′0″W Edit
Coordinates of southernmost point10°55′18″N 15°3′49″W Edit
Coordinates of westernmost point12°20′8″N 16°42′47″W Edit
Highest pointMonte Torin Edit
Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean Edit
Office held by head of statePresident of Guinea-Bissau Edit
State ein headUmaro Sissoco Embaló Edit
Office head of government holdPrime Minister of Guinea-Bissau Edit
Government ein headNuno Nabiam Edit
Legislative bodyNational People's Assembly Edit
Central bankCentral Bank of West African States Edit
CurrencyWest African CFA franc Edit
Dey share bother plusGuinea, Senegal Edit
Driving sideright Edit
Electrical plug typeEuroplug Edit
Dey replacePortuguese Guinea Edit
Dema official websitehttps://www.gov.gw/ Edit
HashtagGuineaBissau Edit
Top-level Internet domain.gw Edit
Flagflag of Guinea-Bissau Edit
Coat of armsEmblem of Guinea-Bissau Edit
Geography of topicgeography of Guinea-Bissau Edit
Get characteristicpartly free country Edit
History of topichistory of Guinea-Bissau Edit
Economy of topiceconomy of Guinea-Bissau Edit
Demographics of topicdemographics of Guinea-Bissau Edit
Mobile country code632 Edit
Country calling code+245 Edit
Emergency phone number112, 119, 121, 180 Edit
Maritime identification digits630 Edit
Unicode character🇬🇼 Edit
Category for mapsCategory:Maps of Guinea-Bissau Edit

Guinea-Bissau for paper top be de Republic of Guinea-Bissau, be country for West Africa wey dey cover 36,125 square kilometres (13,948 sq mi), wey e get population dem estimate of 2,026,778. E dey border be Senegal to de north den Guinea to de southeast.[1]

Na Guinea-Bissau once be part of de kingdom of Kaabu,[2] den de Mali Empire.[2] Parts of dis kingdom persist til de 18th century, while na few odas dey under de Portuguese Empire dema rule since de 16th century. For de 19th century insyd, na Portuguese Guinea colonose am.[2] Na Portuguese control be restricted den weak til de early 20th century plus de pacification campaigns, dis campaigns solidify Portuguese sovereignty for de area insyd. De final Portuguese victory ova de bastion of mainland resistance wey remain, de Papel rule Kingdom of Bissau for 1915 insyd by de Portuguese military officer Teixeira Pinto, wey he recruit Wolof mercenary Abdul Injai na be de event make dem solidify mainland control.[3] Na dem conquer de Bissagos, islands off de coast of Guinea-Bissau, for 1936 insyd, wey ensure Portuguese control of both de mainland den islands for de region.[4] Upon independence, dem declare for 1973 insyd wey dem recognise for 1974 insyd, dem add Bissau, to de country ein name so say e go prevent confusion plus Guinea (formerly French Guinea). Guinea-Bissau get history of political instability since independence, den one presido per dem elect (José Mário Vaz) successfully serve full five-year term.[5] De current presido be Umaro Sissoco Embaló, wey dem elect for 29 December 2019.[6]

About 2% per of de population dey speak Portuguese, de official language, as first language, den 33% speak am as second language. Howeva, Guinea-Bissau Creole, Portuguese-based creole, be de national language wey dem san so consider am de language of unity. According to 2012 study, 54% of de population dey speak Creole as first language wey about 40% dey speak am as second language.[7] De remainder dey speak variety of native African languages. De nation be home give chaw followers of Islam, Christianity den traditional faiths, though no single religious group dey represent majority of de population.[8][9] De country ein per-capita gross domestic product be one of de lowest for de world insyd.

Guinea-Bissau be member of de United Nations, African Union, Economic Community of West African States, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, den de South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone, wey na e be member of de now-defunct Latin Union.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/guineabissau/overview
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 https://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/guinea_bissau.htm
  3. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-african-history/article/abs/abdul-njai-ally-and-enemy-of-the-portuguese-in-guineabissau-189519191/83D8DDDD142A495C684296EC18985044
  4. https://sacredland.org/bijagos-archipelago-guinea-bissau/
  5. https://www.britannica.com/place/Guinea-Bissau
  6. https://news.un.org/en/story/2020/02/1057441
  7. Handem, Myrna (2015). Portuguese, Creole, or Both: The Problematic of Language Choice in the Republic of Guinea-Bissau. The Social, Political and Economic Implications of Language Choice (Ph. D. thesis). Howard University.
  8. https://web.archive.org/web/20201022205949/https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/print_pu.html
  9. https://www.pewresearch.org/religion/2010/04/15/religious-affiliation-islam-and-christianity-in-sub-saharan-africa/