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From Wikipedia
state with limited recognition, republic
Part ofEast Africa Edit
Year dem found am18 May 1991 Edit
Official nameJamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland, جمهورية أرض الصومال Edit
Native labelJamhuuriyadda Somaliland, JSL Edit
Official languageSomali, Arabic, English Edit
AnthemSamo ku waar Edit
ContinentAfrica Edit
CapitalHargeisa Edit
Located in time zoneUTC+03:00 Edit
Located in/on physical featureEast Africa Edit
Coordinate location9°48′0″N 46°12′0″E Edit
Highest pointShimbiris Edit
Office held by head of stateGovernor of Somaliland Edit
State ein headMuse Bihi Abdi Edit
Office head of government holdGovernor of Somaliland Edit
Executive bodyGovernment of Somaliland Edit
Legislative bodyParliament of Somaliland Edit
Central bankBank of Somaliland Edit
Public holidaySomaliland Independence Day, New Year's Day Edit
CurrencySomaliland shilling, ZAAD Edit
Dey share bother plusSomalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti Edit
Driving sideright Edit
Dey followState of Somaliland Edit
Dema official websitehttps://www.govsomaliland.org/ Edit
HashtagSomaliland Edit
Flagflag of Somaliland Edit
Coat of armsNational Emblem of Somaliland Edit
Geography of topicgeography of Somaliland Edit
Get characteristicpartly free country Edit
History of topichistory of Somaliland Edit
Economy of topiceconomy of Somaliland Edit
Country calling code+252 Edit
Category for mapsCategory:Maps of Somaliland Edit

Somaliland, officially de Republic of Somaliland, be country dem no recognise am insyd de Horn of Africa, dem recognise am internationally as de jure part of Somalia.[1][2][3] Edey locate insyd de southern coast of de Gulf of Aden den dey border Djibouti go de northwest, Ethiopia to de south den west, den Somalia to de east.[4][5][6][7] Ein territory e claim get area of 176,120 square kilometres (68,000 sq mi),[8] plus approximately 6.2 million residents as of 2024.[9][10] De capital den largest city be Hargeisa. De Government of Somaliland dey regard ein self as de successor state to British Somaliland, wich, as de briefly independent State of Somaliland, dem unite from 1960 to 1991 plus de Trust Territory of Somaliland (de former Italian Somaliland) make dem form de Somali Republic.[11]

History[edit | edit source]

Early modern sultanates[edit | edit source]

Isaaq Sultanate[edit | edit source]

Sultans of de Isaaq Sultanate
Name Reign from Reign till
Abdi Eisa (Traditional Chief) Mid 1700s Mid 1700s
Sultan Guled Abdi (First Sultan) 1750 1808
Sultan Farah Sultan Guled 1808 1845
Sultan Hassan Sultan Farah 1845 1870
Sultan Deria Sultan Hassan 1870 1939 (Creation of British Somaliland insyd 1884)
Sultan Abdillahi Sultan Deria 1939 1967
Sultan Rashid Sultan Abdillahi 1967 1969
Sultan Abdiqadir Sultan Abdillahi 1969 1975
Sultan Mohamed Sultan Abdiqadir 1975 2021
Sultan Daud Sultan Mohamed 2021

Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]

Regions den districts[edit | edit source]

Regions Area (km2) Capital Districts
Awdal 16,294 Borama Baki, Borama, Zeila, Lughaya
Sahil 13,930 Berbera Sheikh, Berbera
Maroodi Jeeh 17,429 Hargeisa Gabiley, Hargeisa, Salahlay, Baligubadle
Togdheer 30,426 Burao Oodweyne, Buhoodle, Burao
Sanaag 54,231 Erigavo Garadag, El Afweyn, Erigavo, Lasqoray
Sool 39,240 Las Anod Aynabo, Las Anod, Taleh, Hudun

Geography[edit | edit source]

Location den habitat[edit | edit source]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Largest cities anaa towns insyd Somaliland
Rank Name Region Municipal pop.
1 Hargeisa Marodi Jeh 1,200,000
2 Burao Togdheer 425,000[12]
3 Borama Awdal 300,000[13]
4 Berbera Sahil 245,000[14]
5 Erigavo Sanaag 180,000[15]
6 Las Anod Sool 156,438[16]
7 Gabiley Marodi Jeh 141,000[17]
8 Tog Wajaale Marodi Jeh 70,450[18]
9 Aynaba Sool 50,000[19]
10 Sheikh Sahil 35,000[20]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Somalia/Somaliland: The differences and issues explained | ActionAid UK".
  2. "Somaliland: The Horn of Africa's Breakaway State".
  3. "Security Council Press Statement on Situation in Somalia | UN Press".
  4. "Analysis: Time for jaw-jaw, not war-war in Somaliland". Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  5. Encyclopædia Britannica, The New Encyclopædia Britannica, (Encyclopædia Britannica: 2002), p.835
  6. "STRATO – Domain not available". www.somalilandlaw.com.
  7. Stafford, J. H.; Collenette, C. L. (1931). "The Anglo-Italian Somaliland Boundary". The Geographical Journal. 78 (2): 102–121. Bibcode:1931GeogJ..78..102S. doi:10.2307/1784441. JSTOR 1784441.
  8. Lansford, Tom (24 March 2015). Political Handbook of the World 2015. CQ Press. ISBN 978-1-4833-7155-9.
  9. "Somaliland's population reaches 6.2 million". Horn Diplomat. 19 April 2024. Retrieved 20 April 2024.
  10. "Somaliland population reaches 6.2 million, government reports". www.hiiraan.com. Retrieved 19 April 2024.
  11. The New Encyclopædia Britannica (2002), p. 835.
  12. "Dawladda Hoose ee Burco". www.burao.org. Retrieved 8 February 2024.
  13. "SDF funded Borama Water Supply Expansion Project Commissioned".
  14. Hills, Alice. "Off-road policing: communications technology and government authority in Somaliland" (PDF). Chatham House. Retrieved 8 February 2024.
  15. "Ghost Republic Somaliland". Visura. Retrieved 8 February 2024.
  16. Kluijver, Robert (2020). "The State in Somaliland". Sciences Po Paris: 4. Retrieved 13 March 2022.
  17. "Gabiley: UK aid Promoting Women's Economic Empowerment". GOV.UK.
  18. "The Secrets of Women of Tog Wajaale". Trademark Africa. 26 April 2022. Retrieved 14 May 2023.
  19. Zenker, Olaf; Hoehne, Markus Virgil (2 February 2018). The State and the Paradox of Customary Law in Africa. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-01479-9.
  20. Briggs, Philip Robarts (2019). Somaliland: with the overland route from Addis Ababa via eastern Ethiopia the Bradt Travel Guide (2nd ed.). Chalfont St Peter: Bradt. p. 119. ISBN 978-1-78477-605-3.

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

Somaliland for Wikipedia ein sisto projects