Accra

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Accra
city, port settlement, big city, capital city, million city
Part ofGhanaian Coastal Plain Edit
Native labelNkran Edit
DemonymAccran, Accréen, Accréenne Edit
Official languageEnglish Edit
CountryGhana Edit
Capital ofGhana, Greater Accra Region, Gold Coast Colony Edit
Dem locate for de administrative territorial entity insydGreater Accra Region Edit
Located in time zoneUTC±00:00, Greenwich Mean Time Edit
Located in or next to body of waterGulf of Guinea Edit
Coordinate location5°32′0″N 0°13′0″W Edit
Office head of government holdMayor of Accra Edit
Government ein headMohammed Adjei Sowah Edit
Dey replaceCape Coast Edit
Time of earliest written record15. century Edit
Official website URLhttps://ama.gov.gh Edit
Category for mapsCategory:Maps of Accra Edit
Category for the view of the itemCategory:Views of Accra Edit
Local dialing code0302, 0302 Edit
Map
Montage way dey Accra

Accra (/əˈkrɑː/; Twi: Nkran; Dagbani: Ankara; Ga: Ga or Gaga) be de capital den largest city for Ghana, de location dey southern coast wey dey de Gulf of Guinea, part of Atlantic Ocean.[1][2] De 2021 census talk say Accra Metropolitan District be 20.4 km2 (7.9 sq mi) wey ein population be 284,124, dema largest Greater Accra Region be 3,245 km2 (1,253 sq mi) wey dem get 5,455,692 people.[3] Accra be location where vibe dey, sake of how bunch squad dey komot from different locations.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

Dem derive de word Accra from de Akan word Nkran wey dey mean "ants", reference to de numerous anthills wey dey de countryside around Accra.[4] De name specifically dey refer to soldier ants, wey de Twi speakers carry give both de town den the people.[5][6]

Geography[edit | edit source]

Climate data for Accra (Accra International Airport) 1961–1990, extremes 1936–1997
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.8

(96.4)

37.1

(98.8)

36.2

(97.2)

35.0

(95.0)

34.6

(94.3)

31.5

(88.7)

32.3

(90.1)

32.8

(91.0)

33.9

(93.0)

33.6

(92.5)

38.0

(100.4)

36.0

(96.8)

38.0

(100.4)

Average high °C (°F) 32.1

(89.8)

32.7

(90.9)

32.5

(90.5)

32.2

(90.0)

31.2

(88.2)

29.3

(84.7)

28.5

(83.3)

28.0

(82.4)

29.0

(84.2)

30.5

(86.9)

31.6

(88.9)

31.7

(89.1)

30.8

(87.4)

Daily mean °C (°F) 27.3

(81.1)

27.7

(81.9)

27.7

(81.9)

27.7

(81.9)

27.2

(81.0)

25.6

(78.1)

24.4

(75.9)

24.3

(75.7)

25.2

(77.4)

26.0

(78.8)

27.0

(80.6)

27.2

(81.0)

26.4

(79.5)

Average low °C (°F) 23.4

(74.1)

24.1

(75.4)

24.1

(75.4)

24.2

(75.6)

23.9

(75.0)

23.1

(73.6)

22.5

(72.5)

22.2

(72.0)

22.4

(72.3)

23.9

(75.0)

23.5

(74.3)

23.4

(74.1)

23.4

(74.1)

Record low °C (°F) 15.0

(59.0)

16.7

(62.1)

18.9

(66.0)

19.4

(66.9)

18.6

(65.5)

17.8

(64.0)

17.8

(64.0)

17.2

(63.0)

18.3

(64.9)

19.4

(66.9)

17.8

(64.0)

16.7

(62.1)

15.0

(59.0)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 10.9

(0.43)

21.8

(0.86)

57.1

(2.25)

96.8

(3.81)

131.2

(5.17)

221.0

(8.70)

66.0

(2.60)

28.0

(1.10)

67.8

(2.67)

62.4

(2.46)

27.7

(1.09)

16.1

(0.63)

806.8

(31.76)

Average precipitation days 1 2 5 6 10 15 9 7 8 7 3 2 75
Average relative humidity (%) 77 78 79 80 81 85 84 83 81 82 80 80 81
Average dew point °C (°F) 23

(73)

24

(75)

24

(75)

24

(75)

24

(75)

23

(73)

22

(72)

22

(72)

23

(73)

23

(73)

24

(75)

24

(75)

23

(74)

Mean monthly sunshine hours 210.8 206.2 213.9 219.0 210.8 141.0 145.7 155.0 171.0 226.3 237.0 241.8 2,378.5
Mean daily sunshine hours 6.8 7.3 6.9 7.3 6.8 4.7 4.7 5.0 5.7 7.3 7.9 7.8 6.5
Source 1: World Meteorological Organization (average high, low den precipitation)[7]
Source 2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (extremes, humidity 1952–1967, mean temperature 1941–1994, den sun)[8]

Administration[edit | edit source]

De administration for Accra dey occur for two levels. Strategic initiatives, lyk de urban transportation project, dem coordinate between district authorities,[9] while local government authorities carry out local administration, wey be responsible give most local services, lyk local planning, local roads den refuse collection wey dey within dema area of jurisdiction.

Districts[edit | edit source]

Accra Metropolitan District (City of Accra)

De Accra Metropolitan District be one of de 13 local government districts wey dey contain de historic center den de primary central business district (CBD) for Accra. Make dem promote efficiency for de administrative machinery wey dem san so meet de ever-pressing demands give amenities den essential services, dem divide de district go de Ashiedu Keteke, Okaikoi South, den Ablekuma South sub-metropolitan districts.[10]

De Ablekuma South sub-metropolitan district dey cover area of 6 km2 (2.3 sq mi) wey de Ablekuma Central den Ablekuma North Municipal Assemblies, den de Ashiedu Keteke sub-metropolitan district border am.[11] Edey include 5 electoral areas: Korle Gonno, Korlebu, Chorkor, Mamprobi, den New Mamprobi.

Communities wey dey de Okaikoi South sub-metropolitan district dey include Darkuman, New Fadama, Kaneshie, Bubiashie, den Avenor.[12] De sub-metro get 8 electoral areas namely Awudome, Goten, Kaatsean, Mukose, Bubuashie, Bubui, Avenor den Kaneshie.

De Ashiedu Keteke sub-metropolitan district dey cover de Central Business District (CBD) wey ebe de hub for major commercial activities wey dey de Metropolis insyd. Major markets dey include Makola, Agbogbloshie, den Kwasiodwaso. 8 electoral areas dey namely Ngleshie, Mudor, Kinka, Nmlitsagonno, Amamomo, Korle Wonkon, den Korle Dudor.[13]

Ledzekuku Municipal District

De Ledzekuku Municipal District, plus ein administrative capital for Teshie, dey cover area dem estimate for 31.3 km2 (12.1 sq mi).[3]

Krowor Municipal District

Dem carve de Krowor Municipal District out of de Ledzokuku-Krowor Municipal District for 2018 insyd. Ein administrative capital be Nungua.[14]

La Dadekotopon Municipal District

De La Dadekotopon Municipal District, plus ein administrative capital for La, dem carve am out of de Accra Metropolitan District for 2012 insyd.[15] De Kotoka International Airport, Airport City, Accra Mall, den de US Embassy dey locate de district insyd, wey dey cover area of 32 km2 (12 sq mi).[3] Oda communities wey dey dis district insyd dey include Cantonments, Labone, den Burma Camp.

Ablekuma North Municipal District

Dem carve de Ablekuma North Municipal District out of de Accra Metropolitan District for 2018 insyd plus administrative capital for Darkuman Kokompe.[16]

Ablekuma Central Municipal District

De Ablekuma Central Municipal District dey cover total land area of 8.8 km2 (3.4 sq mi).[3] Ein administrative capital be Lartebiokorshie.

Ablekuma West Municipal District

Dem carve de Ablekuma West Municipal District out of de Accra Metropolitan District for 2018 insyd wey ein administrative capital be Dansoman.[17]

Ayawaso East Municipal District

Dem carve de Ablekuma East Municipal District out of de Accra Metropolitan District for 2018 insyd wey ein administrative capital be Nima.

Ayawaso North Municipal District

Dem carve de Ayawaso North Municipal District out of de Accra Metropolitan District for 2018 insyd wey ein administrative capital be Accra Newtown.[18]

Ayawaso Central Municipal District

Dem carve de Ayawaso Central Municipal District out of de Accra Metropolitan District wey ein administrative capital be Kokomlemle.[19]

Ayawaso West Municipal District

Dem carve de Ayawaso West Municipal District out of de Accra Metropolitan District wey ein administrative capital be Dzorwulu.

Okaikwei North Municipal District

Korley Kottey Municipal District

Dem carve de Korley Klottey Municipal District out of de Accra Metropolitan District for 2019 insyd wey edey cover area of 10 km2 (3.9 sq mi).[3] Some communities wey de district insyd dey include Osu, Ringway Estates, Asylum Down, North Ridge, West Ridge, Ministries, Gold Coast City, North Adabraka, den Tudu. Dem get 9 electoral areas namely Osu Doku, Ringway Estates, Kinkawe, Osu Alata, Asylum Down, North Adabraka, Tudu, Odorna/Sahara, den Official Town.

Cityscape[edit | edit source]

Accra Central[edit | edit source]

Accra North[edit | edit source]

Accra East[edit | edit source]

Accra West[edit | edit source]

Education[edit | edit source]

Pre-school[edit | edit source]

Primary school[edit | edit source]

Junior high school (JHS)[edit | edit source]

Senior high school (SHS)[edit | edit source]

Universities[edit | edit source]

De University of Ghana dey locate 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) north of de city centre for Legon. Dem found chaw oda public den private universities den tertiary institutions for Accra insyd, dem list sum below.

Institution Location Public/Private Affiliation
University of Ghana (Legon) Legon Public
Accra Institute of Technology (AIT) Cantonments Private Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
Regional Maritime University (RMU) Nungua Private University of Ghana
Ghana Telecom University College (GTUC) Tesano Private Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana
Islamic University College (ICUG) East Legon Private University of Ghana
Knutsford University College (Knutsford) East Legon Private University of Ghana
Methodist University College (MUCG) Dansoman Private University of Ghana
Regent University College of Science and Technology (Regent) Mataheko Private Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
Ashesi University (Ashesi) Berekuso Private University of Cape Coast
Heritage Christian College Amasaman Private Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
Central University College (Central) Mataheko/Miotso Private University of Cape Coast
Zenith University College (ZUC) La, Trade Fair Private University of Cape Coast
Ghana Institute of Journalism (GIJ) Ridge Public University of Ghana
Accra Technical University(ATU) Tudu Public
Advanced Business University College (ABUC) Kaneshie Private University of Education, Winneba
Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration (GIMPA) Achimota Public
National Film and Television Institute (NAFTI) Cantonments Public University of Ghana
Valley View University (VVU) Oyibi Private
African University College of Communications (AUCC) Adabraka Private University of Ghana
University of Professional Studies, Accra (UPSA) East-Legon Public
Academic City University College (ACUC) Haatso Private University of Cape Coast
Pentecost University (Pentvars) Sowutuom Private University of Ghana
Wisconsin International University College, Ghana North Legon Private University of Ghana, KNUST, UCC and the UDS.
Webster University, Ghana East Legon Private

Healthcare[edit | edit source]

Hospitals[edit | edit source]

Environment[edit | edit source]

Water[edit | edit source]

Pollution[edit | edit source]

Green spaces[edit | edit source]

Transportation[edit | edit source]

Rapid transit[edit | edit source]

Public transports dey exist between Accra den major cities lyk Kumasi; Tamale, Mim, Ahafo ; Cape Coast, Sunyani; Takoradi; Tema; Ho; Wa; Bolgatanga; Elubo; Aflao, Techiman etc.

Aviation[edit | edit source]

Accra get de Kotoka International Airport (KIA). Dis Airport dey take passengers go de local airports lyk Tamale, Kumasi, Sunyani, Takoradi den Wa airport plus all de most of international airports for Yonqi.

Taxis[edit | edit source]

Taxis be cars wey get one typical colors dem dey job for taxi ranks plus for major stations too. Rydees we get another digitalize taxis wey be de Bolts, Yangos den Shaxis wey you go order for your cell top. You go fit order a ride for your house, job side, Church etc.

Tro tros and buses[edit | edit source]

De locals plus de residents dey use mini bus, "troski" as transport between the towns. So lyk Madina go Lapaz, Dansoman go Ashaiman etc.

Twin towns – sister cities[edit | edit source]

Accra get four official sister cities, Sister Cities International recognize dem:[20]

City Province / Region / State Nation Year Ref
Johannesburg Gauteng [21]
Sterling Connecticut [20]
Washington District of Columbia 2006 [22]
Columbia South Carolina [23]
Columbus Ohio 2015

UNESCO World Book[edit | edit source]

For October 2022 insyd, de United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) name Accra as World Book Capital for 2023.[24][25][26][27]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Online, Peace FM. "Walking You Through Accra's Beautiful Attractions". Peacefmonline.com – Ghana news. Archived from the original on 31 January 2022. Retrieved 31 January 2022.
  2. Amponsah, Owusu; Takyi, Stephen Appiah (31 January 2023). "Accra is congested, but relocating Ghana's capital is not the only option". The Conversation. Retrieved 18 August 2023.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 "Ghana 2021 Population and Housing Census – General Report Volume 3A – Population of Regions and Districts" (PDF). Ghana Statistical Service. p. 80 (95). Retrieved 29 August 2022.
  4. Akuamoa, Geoffrey (18 March 2013). "The Gas". KWAME, THE LAST SLAVE FROM WEST AFRICA. Lulu.com. ISBN 978-1-291-35746-2. Archived from the original on 17 February 2022. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  5. Parker, John (1 January 2000). Making the Town: Ga State and Society in Early Colonial Accra. ABC-CLIO, LLC. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-325-00190-6. Archived from the original on 17 February 2022. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  6. Views of Africa. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. 1 April 2012. p. 12. ISBN 978-1-61535-571-6. Archived from the original on 17 February 2022. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  7. "Accra Climate Normals 1991–2020". World Meteorological Organization Climatological Standard Normals (1991–2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original on 28 September 2023. Retrieved 28 September 2023.
  8. "Klimatafel von Accra (Int. Flugh.) / Ghana" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 May 2019. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  9. "Programmes & Projects – MLGRD". mlgrd.gov.gh. Archived from the original on 22 October 2017. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  10. Accra Metropolitan Assembly, Boundary and Administrative Area Template:Webarchive. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  11. "AMA – Ablekuma South". Archived from the original on 17 May 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  12. "AMA – Okaikoi South". Archived from the original on 17 May 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  13. "AMA – Ashiedu Keteke". Archived from the original on 20 October 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  14. "Ghana Districts: A repository of all Local Assemblies in Ghana". Archived from the original on 29 January 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  15. "Ghana Districts: A repository of all Local Assemblies in Ghana". Archived from the original on 29 January 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  16. "Ghana Districts: A repository of all Local Assemblies in Ghana". Archived from the original on 28 January 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  17. "Districts of Ghana". statoids. Archived from the original on 3 July 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
  18. "Districts of Ghana". statoids. Archived from the original on 3 July 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
  19. "Ayawaso Central Municipal Assembly. – The Ayawaso Central Municipal is one of the newly created assemblies and districts in Ghana". Acma.gov.gh. Archived from the original on 30 November 2021. Retrieved 17 February 2022.
  20. 20.0 20.1 "SCI: Sister City Directory". Sister-cities.org. Archived from the original on 31 August 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  21. "Johannesburg's Sister Cities". joburg.org.za. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
  22. "DC Sister Cities". os.dc.gov. Archived from the original on 2 July 2017. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  23. "Columbia's Sister Cities". columbiawac.org. Archived from the original on 8 September 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
  24. "Accra, Ghana is Unesco World Book Capital 2023". James Murua's Literature Blog. 28 September 2021. Archived from the original on 26 March 2023. Retrieved 28 December 2022.
  25. "Accra named UNESCO World Book Capital for 2023". GhanaWeb. 10 October 2022. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  26. Nartey, Laud (10 October 2022). "Accra named UNESCO World Book Capital for the year 2023". 3News.com. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  27. Asare, Wilberforce (10 October 2022). "Akufo-Addo: Accra named UNESCO World Book Capital for 2023". Asaase Radio. Retrieved 11 October 2022.