Hausa people

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Hausa people
ethnic group
Native languageHausa Edit
Hausa people dema flag

De Hausa (autonyms give singular: Bahaushe (m), Bahaushiya (f); plural: Hausawa den general: Hausa;[1] exonyms: Ausa; Ajami: مُوْتَانَنْ هَوْسَ) be de largest ethnic group for West den Central Africa insyd, wey dem dey speak de Hausa language, wey e san be de second most spoken language after Arabic for de Afro-Asiatic language family insyd.[2][3] De Hausa be diverse but culturally homogeneous people wey dem base primarily for de Sahelian insyd den de sparse savanna areas for southern Niger den northern Nigeria respectively,[4] dem dey number around 52 million people plus significant indigenized populations for Benin insyd, Cameroon, Ivory Coast,[5] Chad, Sudan, Central African Republic,[6] Republic of de Congo,[7] Togo, Ghana,[8] Eritrea, Equatorial Guinea,[9] Gabon, Senegal den de Gambia.

Predominantly Hausa-speaking communities scatter thru out West Africa den for de traditional Hajj route north den east top wey dey traverse de Sahara, plus an especially large population for den around Agadez town insyd.[10] Oda Hausa san move go large coastal cities for de region lyk Lagos, Port Harcourt, Accra, Abidjan, Banjul den Cotonou insyd as well as parts of North Africa lyk Libya ova de course of de last 500 years. De Hausa traditionally dey live for small villages as well as for precolonial towns den cities insyd where dem dey grow crops, raise livestock wey dey include cattle as well as engage for trade insyd, both local den long distance across Africa. Dem dey speak de Hausa language, Afro-Asiatic language of de Chadic group. De Hausa aristocracy get historically develop equestrian base culture.[11] Still be status symbol give de traditional nobility for Hausa society insyd, de horse still dey feature for de Eid day celebrations insyd, wey be known as Ranar Sallah (for English insyd: de Day of de Prayer).[12] Daura city be de cultural center give de de Hausa people. De town dey predates all de oda major Hausa towns for tradition den culture insyd.[13]

Population distribution[edit | edit source]

De Hausa get, for de last 500 years insyd, dem criss-cross de vast landscape for Africa in all ein four corners sake of chao reasons wey dey range from military service,[1][2] long-distance trade, hunting, performance of hajj, dem dey flee from oppressive Hausa feudal kings as well as spreading Islam.[3] De table below dey show Hausa ethnic population distribution by country of indigenization, outside of Nigeria den Niger:[14][15]

Country Population
Côte d'Ivoire 1,035,000[16]
Sudan 919,000[17]
Cameroon 400,000[18]
Chad 287,000[19]
Ghana 281,000[20]
Central African Republic 33,000[21]
Eritrea 30,000
Benin 36,360[22]
Equatorial Guinea 26,000[23]
Togo 21,000[24]
Congo 12,000[25]
Gabon 12,000[26]
Algeria 11,000[27]
Gambia 10,000[28]

Architecture[edit | edit source]

Dem dey characterize Hausa building by de use of dry mud bricks for cubic structures insyd, multi-storied buildings give de social elite, de use of parapets wey dey relate plus dema military/fortress building past, den traditional white tucco den plaster give house fronts. For tyms dem fi decorate de facades plus various abstract relief designs, sam tyms dem paint for vivid colours so say e go convey information about de occupant.

References[edit | edit source]

  10. Adamu, M (1987). the Hausa factor in west African History, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria - Nigeria.
  13. Lugga, S. Abubakar (2004). The Great Province. lugga press. pp. 12–15.